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  1. 1. <ul><li>Marx stated that: Religion is the opium of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is an ideology , it keeps people happy. This ideology comes from a higher plain it makes the proletariat happy. It increases their self esteem. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Hegemony Ideology <ul><li>Hegemony is a term first used in it’s current sense by the Italian Marxist Gramsci who realised that the ruling class in any society not only have great economic power at their disposal but can also exercise an ideological control over the culture itself through the ‘Texts’ of that culture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ How the dominant ideology is accepted by the people.” “ That process whereby the subordinate are led to consent to view the social system and it’s everyday embodiments as ‘common sense’ , the self evidently natural” (John Fiske)
  4. 4. Genesis 3 God said that woman shall always bear children in intense pain, and that &quot;man shall be your master&quot;.
  5. 5. . All things bright and beautiful, All creatures great and small, All things wise and wonderful, The Lord God made them all. Each little flower that opens, Each little bird that sings, He made their glowing colours, The rich man in his castle, The poor man at his gate, God made them, high or lowly, And order'd their estate . . The cold wind in the winter, The pleasant summer sun, The ripe fruits in the garden,− He made them every one: . He gave us eyes to see them, And lips that we might tell, How great is God Almighty, Who has made all things well.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Good King Wenceslas looked out On the feast of Stephen When the snow lay round about Deep and crisp and even Brightly shone the moon that night Though the frost was cruel When a poor man came in sight Gath'ring winter fuel &quot;Hither, page, and stand by me If thou know'st it, telling Yonder peasant, who is he? Where and what his dwelling?&quot; &quot;Sire, he lives a good league hence Underneath the mountain Right against the forest fence By Saint Agnes' fountain.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>In his master's steps he trod </li></ul><ul><li>Where the snow lay dinted </li></ul><ul><li>Heat was in the very sod </li></ul><ul><li>Which the Saint had printed </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, Christian men, be sure </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth or rank possessing </li></ul><ul><li>Ye who now will bless the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Shall yourselves find blessing  </li></ul>&quot; Sire, the night is darker now And the wind blows stronger Fails my heart, I know not how, I can go no longer.&quot; &quot;Mark my footsteps, my good page Tread thou in them boldly Thou shalt find the winter's rage Freeze thy blood less coldly.&quot;