Honors - Organic compounds, enzymes and digestion 1213

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  • Figure 4.1 What properties make carbon the basis of all life?
  • Figure 4.2 INQUIRY: Can organic molecules form under conditions believed to simulate those on the early Earth?
  • Figure 4.7 Three types of isomers, compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures.
  • Figure 4.8 The pharmacological importance of enantiomers.
  • Figure 4.UN02
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  • Honors - Organic compounds, enzymes and digestion 1213

    1. 1. Organic CompoundsEnzymes & Digestion Honors Biology ~ Edgar
    2. 2. Figure 4.1
    3. 3. Figure 4.2 EXPERIMENT “Atmosphere” CH4 Water vapor Electrode NH 3 H2 Condenser Cooled “rain” containing Cold organic water molecules H2O “sea” Sample for chemical analysis
    4. 4. Figure 4.7 (a) Structural isomers (b) Cis-trans isomers cis isomer: The two Xs trans isomer: The two Xs are on the same side. are on opposite sides. (c) Enantiomers CO2H CO2H H NH2 NH2 H CH3 CH3 L isomer D isomer
    5. 5. Figure 4.8 Effective Ineffective Drug Condition Enantiomer Enantiomer Ibuprofen Pain; inflammation S-Ibuprofen R-Ibuprofen Albuterol Asthma R-Albuterol S-Albuterol
    6. 6. Figure 4.UN02 Estradiol Testosterone
    7. 7. Carbonyl
    8. 8. Hydroxyl
    9. 9. Carboxyl
    10. 10. Amino
    11. 11. Phosphate
    12. 12. Methyl
    13. 13. Sulfhydryl
    14. 14. Hemoglobin JMOL
    15. 15. Monomers and Polymers
    16. 16. Cooperative Binding
    17. 17. Carbonic Anhydrase• 104 to 106 reactions per second.
    18. 18. Hemoglobin JMOL
    19. 19. Functions of Proteins When in doubt…..proteins
    20. 20. Storage
    21. 21. Structural
    22. 22. Transport
    23. 23. Hormonal
    24. 24. Receptor
    25. 25. Contractile & Motor
    26. 26. Defensive
    27. 27. Enzymes
    28. 28. Restriction Enzyme
    29. 29. Enzymes
    30. 30. Enzyme Simulation• How is the velocity of an enzyme reaction effected by: – pH – Temperature – Substrate Concentration
    31. 31. Initial Velocity (V0 or VI)
    32. 32. Initial Velocity (V0 or VI)
    33. 33. Vmax
    34. 34. Enzymatic Pathway
    35. 35. Protein Quantification
    36. 36. Starch Starch GlucoseMonomers vs. polymers
    37. 37. AMYLASE:AMY Gene (multiple copies) LACTASE: LCT (Single Mutation)
    38. 38. Animal Digestion
    39. 39. Intracellular Digestion
    40. 40. Extracelluar Digestion
    41. 41. 2 types of enzymes: Lumen and Brush Boarder
    42. 42. The Fate of Fat
    43. 43. Lipase
    44. 44. Atherosclerosis
    45. 45. Fats – inhibit Peristalsis and acid secretion Release of Sodium BicarbonateAmino acids/Fatty Acids– enzymes frompancreas and bile

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