Organic Compounds Enzymes and Digestion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carbonyl
Hydroxyl
Carboxyl
Amino
Phosphate
Methyl
Sulfhydryl
 
Hemoglobin JMOL
 
 
 
Monomers and Polymers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cooperative Binding
Carbonic Anhydrase <ul><li>10 4  to 10 6  reactions per second. </li></ul>
 
 
Hemoglobin JMOL http://www.umass.edu/molvis/tutorials/hemoglobin/index.htm
Functions of Proteins When in doubt…..proteins
Storage
Structural
Transport
Hormonal
Receptor
Contractile & Motor
Defensive
Enzymes
Restriction Enzyme
 
 
 
Enzymes
 
 
 
 
 
Enzyme Simulation <ul><li>How is the velocity of an enzyme reaction effected by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pH </li></ul></ul><...
Initial Velocity (V 0  or V I )
Initial Velocity (V 0  or V I )
 
 
V max
 
 
 
Enzymatic Pathway
 
 
 
Starch Starch Glucose Monomers vs. polymers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LACTASE :  LCT (Single Mutation) AMYLASE : AMY Gene (multiple copies)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Animal Digestion
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intracellular Digestion
Extracelluar Digestion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gastric ulcer vs. no ulcer
 
 
2 types of enzymes: Lumen and Brush Boarder
Lipase
Atherosclerosis
 
 
Fats – inhibit Peristalsis and acid secretion Amino acids/Fatty Acids – enzymes from pancreas and bile Release of Sodium B...
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Honors ~ Carbon, organic compounds and digestion 1112

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Honors ~ Carbon, organic compounds and digestion 1112

  1. 1. Organic Compounds Enzymes and Digestion
  2. 16. Carbonyl
  3. 17. Hydroxyl
  4. 18. Carboxyl
  5. 19. Amino
  6. 20. Phosphate
  7. 21. Methyl
  8. 22. Sulfhydryl
  9. 24. Hemoglobin JMOL
  10. 28. Monomers and Polymers
  11. 47. Cooperative Binding
  12. 48. Carbonic Anhydrase <ul><li>10 4 to 10 6 reactions per second. </li></ul>
  13. 51. Hemoglobin JMOL http://www.umass.edu/molvis/tutorials/hemoglobin/index.htm
  14. 52. Functions of Proteins When in doubt…..proteins
  15. 53. Storage
  16. 54. Structural
  17. 55. Transport
  18. 56. Hormonal
  19. 57. Receptor
  20. 58. Contractile & Motor
  21. 59. Defensive
  22. 60. Enzymes
  23. 61. Restriction Enzyme
  24. 65. Enzymes
  25. 71. Enzyme Simulation <ul><li>How is the velocity of an enzyme reaction effected by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substrate Concentration </li></ul></ul>
  26. 72. Initial Velocity (V 0 or V I )
  27. 73. Initial Velocity (V 0 or V I )
  28. 76. V max
  29. 80. Enzymatic Pathway
  30. 84. Starch Starch Glucose Monomers vs. polymers
  31. 123. LACTASE : LCT (Single Mutation) AMYLASE : AMY Gene (multiple copies)
  32. 132. Animal Digestion
  33. 139. Intracellular Digestion
  34. 140. Extracelluar Digestion
  35. 149. Gastric ulcer vs. no ulcer
  36. 152. 2 types of enzymes: Lumen and Brush Boarder
  37. 153. Lipase
  38. 154. Atherosclerosis
  39. 157. Fats – inhibit Peristalsis and acid secretion Amino acids/Fatty Acids – enzymes from pancreas and bile Release of Sodium Bicarbonate

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