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Making Videos, M. Reed


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Making Videos, M. Reed

  1. 1. Making Videos Mark Reed November 2009
  2. 2. Three approaches <ul><li>Professional videos </li></ul><ul><li>Do-it-yourself videos </li></ul><ul><li>Video slideshows </li></ul>
  3. 3. Professional <ul><li>Check the film-maker’s track record </li></ul><ul><li>Have a contract: full payment depends on satisfactory product </li></ul><ul><li>Write a narrative and create a shot-list with suggested locations </li></ul><ul><li>Provide guidance/support in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Stipulate you want editorial control and tell them in advance you want to give feedback on drafts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Professional The Botswana experience, as seen on the DESIRE HIS website
  5. 5. Do it yourself <ul><li>Process: </li></ul><ul><li>Hire/borrow/buy a camcorder (200 euros to buy digital) </li></ul><ul><li>Download Microsoft Movie Maker (free) </li></ul><ul><li>Plan your film: write a narrative, plan shots to fit narrative, plan how you will take each shot </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange interviews (researchers & stakeholders) </li></ul><ul><li>Shoot material </li></ul><ul><li>Edit and put online </li></ul>
  6. 7. Do it yourself <ul><li>Shooting tips: </li></ul><ul><li>Wait for good light, look for shadows over faces </li></ul><ul><li>Listen for the background noise: get a radio mic or keep camera close to people on wide-angle (use furry microphone if windy) </li></ul><ul><li>Change the camera angle (if time, do interview twice from different angles and choose best material) </li></ul><ul><li>Use a tripod </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure interviewees talk about the material you want to shoot in the field </li></ul>
  7. 8. Do it yourself <ul><li>Editing tips: </li></ul><ul><li>Type out what people say and decide what to cut or move around in Word: be concise but retain logic/coherence (trial and error!) </li></ul><ul><li>Keep to 5-10 mins max – note limits of file size and attention span </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on good camera work, rather than using lots of effects or text </li></ul><ul><li>Put field shots over people talking, keep changing shots to keep interest (no more than 10 secs per shot) </li></ul>
  8. 9. Do it yourself Editing tips: 5. Intro/exit credits – make in PowerPoint, save as .jpg, and import to Movie Maker 6. Give your viewers a break: provide gaps between speaking where you focus on field shots 7. Music is good (especially if poor sound quality from field) but it must be copyright free 8. Get feedback!
  9. 10. Video Slideshow <ul><li>Download Microsoft Movie Maker (free) </li></ul><ul><li>Record your narrative or just find appropriate music </li></ul><ul><li>Import your narrative/music </li></ul><ul><li>Import photos and place over narrative/music </li></ul><ul><li>Add text (key words only), intro/exit credits </li></ul>
  10. 11. Making Videos <ul><li>Different types of video: </li></ul><ul><li>Documentary </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction videos (e.g. how to implement a strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews and debates/discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Day-in-the-life films (follow a stakeholder or give them the camera) </li></ul><ul><li>Explore YouTube for inspiration! </li></ul><ul><li>Other ideas? </li></ul>