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The market is structurally imbalanced (operators’ situation is asymmetric): high cost difference due to licensing fees along with late entrance (temporal difference in entering) into the market create an important imbalance between first and later entrants. Regulation should not ignore or neglect such asymmetric situation and should correct such imbalanced situation by adopting an asymmetric interconnection (call termination, roaming…) – at least for a transitory period – to compensate the advantages of first movers that are related to temporal difference and – or cost difference of spectrum allocation. Therefore, it will enable all operators to converge towards the efficiency by allowing challengers to lower their retail prices being effectively competitive.
The question is, how easy to apply the asymmetric regulation without bringing too much effort in costing methods calculation, accounting and functional separation…? What is the cost target and which cost reference should be used (actual and current cost, long-run – incremental cost, incumbent or dominant operator cost, most efficient cost, etc.)?