Avian  Species! <ul><li>Pets vs Zoo vs Wildlife </li></ul>
Anatomy/Physiology <ul><li>Integument </li></ul><ul><li>Uropygeal Gland </li></ul><ul><li>Molting </li></ul><ul><li>Blood ...
Musculoskeletal <ul><li>Pnuematic Bones </li></ul><ul><li>Keel </li></ul>
Respiratory Tract <ul><li>Upper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beak/nares/choana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syrinx </li></ul></ul><...
Digestive Tract <ul><li>Beak </li></ul><ul><li>Crop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlargement of esophagus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Urinary Tract Reproductive Tract <ul><li>No Bladder </li></ul><ul><li>Urates/Uric Acid Production </li></ul><ul><li>Intern...
Animal Care (husbandry) <ul><li>Species differences </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature/ Draft </li></ul><ul><li>Caged vs Free F...
Nutrition <ul><li>Super size me? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypovitaminosis A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overgrown Beak </li></...
Restraint <ul><li>When NOT to restrain </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons? </li></ul><ul><li>Wings </li></ul><ul><li>Towel </li></u...
Venipuncture “The 10% Rule” <ul><li>Blood Volume = 10% body weight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% can be safely taken </li></ul...
Anesthesia <ul><li>Inhalant Anesthesia!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISOFLURANE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vs SEVOFLURANE </li><...
Parasitology <ul><li>Lice = Walking Dandruff </li></ul><ul><li>Scaly Mite </li></ul><ul><li>Protozoa / Coccidia </li></ul>...
Vet Med Nursing <ul><li>Physical Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast Muscle (IM Injections) ...
Viral Diseases <ul><li>Psittacine Beak & Feather Disease (PBFD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feather Dystrophy, Beak Necrosis </l...
Yeast/ Fungal Infection <ul><li>Candidiasis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GI Signs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aspergillosis </li></ul>...
Non Infectious Diseases <ul><li>Lead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paints, fishing weights, blinds, jewelry </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
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Avian

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Avian

  1. 1. Avian Species! <ul><li>Pets vs Zoo vs Wildlife </li></ul>
  2. 2. Anatomy/Physiology <ul><li>Integument </li></ul><ul><li>Uropygeal Gland </li></ul><ul><li>Molting </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Feathers </li></ul><ul><li>Feather Picking </li></ul>
  3. 3. Musculoskeletal <ul><li>Pnuematic Bones </li></ul><ul><li>Keel </li></ul>
  4. 4. Respiratory Tract <ul><li>Upper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beak/nares/choana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syrinx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trachea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of diaphram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lungs – No alveoli </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Sacs </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Digestive Tract <ul><li>Beak </li></ul><ul><li>Crop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlargement of esophagus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tube feeding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proventriculus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to mammal stomach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ventriculus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grinds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Grit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meckel’s Diverticulum </li></ul>
  6. 6. Urinary Tract Reproductive Tract <ul><li>No Bladder </li></ul><ul><li>Urates/Uric Acid Production </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Organs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>female left ovary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cloaca </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Egg Binding </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Animal Care (husbandry) <ul><li>Species differences </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature/ Draft </li></ul><ul><li>Caged vs Free Flight </li></ul><ul><li>Perches </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nutrition <ul><li>Super size me? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypovitaminosis A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overgrown Beak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yeast Infection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Species specific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutriberries, Zupreem, Exact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diet Change </li></ul>
  9. 9. Restraint <ul><li>When NOT to restrain </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons? </li></ul><ul><li>Wings </li></ul><ul><li>Towel </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabethan grip </li></ul><ul><li>Restraint board </li></ul><ul><li>Speculums </li></ul>
  10. 10. Venipuncture “The 10% Rule” <ul><li>Blood Volume = 10% body weight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% can be safely taken </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right Jugular or Ulnar Vein </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 or 3 cc syringe w/ 23-25g needle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microtainer EDTA or Li Heparin </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Anesthesia <ul><li>Inhalant Anesthesia!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISOFLURANE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vs SEVOFLURANE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entubation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracheal rings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temp. Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it short! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Parasitology <ul><li>Lice = Walking Dandruff </li></ul><ul><li>Scaly Mite </li></ul><ul><li>Protozoa / Coccidia </li></ul>knemidokoptes
  13. 13. Vet Med Nursing <ul><li>Physical Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breast Muscle (IM Injections) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bloodwork (where?) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Granulocytes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heterophils </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NRBC’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fluids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IV, SQ or Intraosseous </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Viral Diseases <ul><li>Psittacine Beak & Feather Disease (PBFD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feather Dystrophy, Beak Necrosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polyoma Virus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to thrive (young birds) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaccine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pacheco’s Disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herpes Virus – Sudden death </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Yeast/ Fungal Infection <ul><li>Candidiasis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GI Signs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aspergillosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory Signs </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Non Infectious Diseases <ul><li>Lead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paints, fishing weights, blinds, jewelry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teflon Fumes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PTFE high heat from pans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trauma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dog/cat bites; Ceiling fans, windows </li></ul></ul>

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