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Injuries

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Injuries

  1. 1. Injuries<br />Number five on list of Top 10 Health Problems <br />
  2. 2. Definition<br />Damage to a biological organism<br />
  3. 3. Causes<br />Leading cause of fatal injuries in both men and women:<br />Motor Vehicle Accidents<br />Others:<br />Falls<br />Poisoning<br />Exercise related injuries<br />
  4. 4. Prevention<br />Motor Vehicle Accidents – <br />Wear seat belt<br />Don’t drive fatigued<br />Limit distractions<br />Falls –<br />Proper shoes<br />Limit distractions<br />Be aware of surrounding objects<br />Poisoning – <br />Label bottles (cleaning agents)<br />Lock cabinets that contain hazardous materialand medications<br />
  5. 5. Exercise Related Injuries<br />Muscle Soreness:<br />Normal 1-2 days following workout<br />Stiffness and soreness may persist for a week or more<br />Rest, ice, stretching, and extended warm ups can help repair sore areas<br />Eccentric training associated with muscle soreness<br />Sprains:<br />Defined as a damaged ligament<br />Can range from over-stretching and micro-tears to complete tears<br />Treated with ice, extended rest, and possible surgical repair depending on the grade of sprain<br />
  6. 6. Exercise Related Injuries<br />Tendonitis:<br />Defined as an injury to the tendon or muscle<br />Treated with ice, rest, anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce swelling, and possible exercise routines to strengthen supporting muscle groups<br />Contusions:<br />Usually caused by a blow or strike to the muscle that causes bleeding and swelling under the skin<br />Also known as a bruise<br />Muscle function and range of motion may be impacted due to blood coagulation and the build of scar tissue<br />Treatment consists of rest, ice, and light muscle massage<br />
  7. 7. Exercise Related Injuries<br />Fracture:<br />Involves a chip or break in the bone<br />‘Stress fractures’ are not true fractures (weakened areas of the bone), that lead to fractures of the bone if not treated<br />Treatment involves immobilization of the impacted area with a cast and therapy once the cast is removed to recondition the area<br />
  8. 8. Prevention<br />Proper Warm Up<br />Proper Cool down<br />Stretching<br />Gradual increases in amount of exercise<br />

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