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Mobile Phones and Learning

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Presentation at ED-Media 2016 conference, Vancouver, June 2016

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Mobile Phones and Learning

  1. 1. MOBILE PHONES AND LEARNING Perceptions of Austrian Students 11 – 14 Years of age (Lower Secondary School) Margarete Grimus & Martin Ebner Graz University of Technology, Austria This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Aim of the study Figuring out preconditions and perceptions for using students’ mobile phones for learning. Research Questions 1. Ownership of modern mobile phone-usage? (eight to 14 years) 2. What are the perceptions for using a mobile phone for learning? (eleven to 14 years) Mobile devices ‘can provide a level of reach, scope and immediacy that is largely unattainable through traditional classroom environment’ Huber & Ebner (2013) EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  3. 3. Research in Austria for Learning at School Usage, daily Routines for Learning at Home Ownership 83 Participants in 2013 43 Girls, 40 Boys 43 Participants in 2014 20 Girls, 23 Boys EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  4. 4. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 Ownership: Gender, Age 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 8 Years 9 Years 10 Years 11 Years 12 Years 13 Years 14 Years Ownership of mobile Phones in 2013 Boys n=40 Girls n=43 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 8 Years 9 Years 10 Years 11 Years 12 Years 13 Years 14 Years Ownership of mobile Phones in 2014 Boys n=23 Girls n=20 Ownership Girls Boys total 2013 38 (of 43); 88 % 26 (of 40); 65 % 64 (of 83); 77 % 2014 18 (of 20); 90 % 18 (of 23); 78 % 36 (of 43); 84 % Girls’ ownership of a mobile phone outnumbers that of boys.
  5. 5. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Mobile Internet Access Mobile Internet and Wi-Fi access is low with kids up to ten years. More than half of the kids between 11-14 years can access mobile Internet. 55 % in 2014 54 % in 2013 similar in 2013 and 2014 EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  6. 6. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Ededia Helsinki June 2014 Usage: SMS, Photo/Video, Internet Browsing, eMail 2.21 1.92 1.59 0.8 2.06 2.06 1.43 0.61 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 SMS Photo/Video Internet Surfing E-Mails Mobile Phone Usage, 2013 and 2014 Likert grade of Applications (max = 3) in 2013 in 2014 Phone-Owners 2013 n= 64 38 girls, 26 boys 2014 n= 36 18 girls, 18 boys EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 SMS, taking photos and videos and Internet search is common
  7. 7. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Usage: SMS, Photo/Video, Internet Browsing, eMail Phone-Owners 2013 n= 64 38 girls, 26 boys 2014 n= 36 18 girls, 18 boys EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% SMS 2014 SMS 2013 Photo /Video 2014 Photo /Video 2013 Internet Browsing 2014 Internet Browsing 2013 E-Mails 2014 E-Mails 2013 17 29 8 14 7 11 1 2 5 18 14 29 9 20 10 9 12 9 13 4 13 5 13 37 63 37 62 40 64 26 73 Use of Applications 2013; 2014 regularly often rarely never
  8. 8. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner USAGE Girls / Boys SMS, Photo/Video, Internet Browsing, eMail 2013 38 girls, 26 boys, 2.37 2.14 1.32 0.68 1.73 1.57 1.71 0.65 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 SMS Photo/VideoInternet Surfing E-Mails Mobile Phones for different Purpose Likert 2013 (max = 3) 2.06 1.83 1.83 0.44 2.06 1.75 1.29 0.69 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 SMS Photo/VideoInternet Surfing E-Mails Mobile Phones for different Purpose Likert 2014 (max = 3) Girls Boys EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 2014 18 girls, 18 boys
  9. 9. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Mobile Phone for Learning Expectations ? Low response scores 2014 n= 15 2013 n = 24 Do you think using your mobile phone could benefit your learning? Age 11 – 14 years EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Year 2014 Year2013 Benefits for Learning? Expectations Yes No
  10. 10. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Mobile Phones to improve Learning? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Boys 2013 L=0,73 Girls 2013 L=1,07 Boys 2014 L=1,00 Girls 2014 L= 1,80 Perceptions of using mobile phones for learning at home Likert grades (max = 3) never rarely often regularly 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Boys 2013 =0,61 Girls 2013 L= 0,33 Boys 2014 L= 0,87 Girls 2014 L=0,57 Perceptions of using mobile phones for learning at school Likert grades (max = 3) never rarely often regularly Likert Score in total at School 2014 = 0,77 2013 = 0,47 Likert Score in total at Home 2014 = 1,36 2013 = 0,92 Age 11 – 14 years EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  11. 11. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Benefits for Learning? Students‘ Comments Benefits expected • Increasing ambition and fun with learning • Find additional actual and unlimited information for topics in addition to what is offered in lessons (googling) • Tools: dictionary, translator, calculator • Apps (support learning) • Less handwriting • Less books to carry Challenges • Distraction • Cheating Girls claim for Guidelines ! ‘Learn more about proper use of mobile phones!’ Girls expect an increase in ambition and fun with learning. EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 Visions: ‚Cool‘ ‚We need more instruction how to learn with mobile phones‘
  12. 12. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Research Findings – Summary Nearly all kids own a mobile phone and use it for different purposes. The use of mobile phones for learning could not be determined: Approval was rated between never and rarely. It can be assumed that the majority has hardly any experience with using mobile phones for learning. EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 We could not verify evidence of providing instruction for developing skills for use for learning purpose.
  13. 13. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner EdMedia Vancouver, 2016 , June 28-30 Curriculum Media education is a compulsory goal in the school-curriculum. to ‘equip students to a critical-reflexive use of all media’. (BMBF, 2012) ‘The quality of teaching and learning should be increased by the application of ICT, by integration of innovative learning scenarios into the educational process.’ (ÖIAT, 2014) EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  14. 14. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Youth and Mobile Phones Ownership of smartphones close to 100% (11-14 years) • Internet – connection Common behaviour pattern, activities, private: • Internet browsing • Music listening • Social Networks • Gaming, interactive entertainment Use of PC‘s is declining EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  15. 15. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Mobile Phones and Learning Mobile phones can be used as a perfect supplement for classroom engagement, • are a cooperative tool for working in groups on projects, • for sharing information and discoveries, • for problem solving and decision finding, • for supporting independent learning with audio and video capabilities • allow access to educational apps…... Addressing topics of safe and responsible personal behavior and fair practice could help to prevent phenomena like Cyber mobbing or other abusive behavior in online-communities. EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  16. 16. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner EdMedia Vancouver, 2016 , June 28-30 Digital Literacy adapted from Future Lab Handbook. Cassie Hague and Sarah Payton 2010, p.19. http://www.nfer.ac.uk/publications/FUTL06/FUTL06.pdf Critical skills for 21st century students EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  17. 17. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner School, Mobile Phones, Pros‘s & Con‘s School is the safest place and a controlled environment to learn how to use the devices efficiently and properly. Challenge: Digital literacy in Austrian school- context is recognized merely with the use of PCs and laptops (sometimes tablets) Smartphones are not recognized as an essential tool in education so far. ‘It is the responsibility of educators to ensure that ‘today’s students are ready to live, learn, work and thrive in this high-tech, global, highly participatory world’ Mc Coy, 2013 Examples for attracting kids to experiment with smartphones in German Language http://kids.t-mobile.at/22-beispiele-fuer-den-unterricht-mit-smartphones/ http://kids.t-mobile.at/22-beispiele-fuer-den-unterricht-mit-smartphones/, EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  18. 18. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Schools Students‘ need assistance for using mobile phones for learning Guidelines • Best practice • Risks of mobile communication and social networks Developing guidelines together with pupils scales up acceptance and makes students feel respected. WiFi at School • Saves costs for mobile Internet • Need for maintaining security applications EdMedia Vancouver June 2016 Encourage students to use the devices for learning
  19. 19. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner B.Y.O.D. (Bring Your Own Device) BYOD does not raise additional costs in schools and could help the education system with limited financial resources to save a vast amount of funds. It is necessary showing youth how to use mobile phones properly, as a life skill, with regard to • online safety • instruction on the amount of technological power and applications, • how to deal with (potential) students’ abuse. Low income groups have less chance to use own computers or laptops for learning. With mobile phones owned by the students there is less need for financing more computer-labs or laptops in schools. EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  20. 20. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Conclusions Pupils grow up with mobile phones in their pockets; always here ready for research and communication. At the same time they show hardly any experience of possible benefits for using mobile phones for learning. Teacher Education is challenged to • create learning scenarios with innovative practices, • harness the power mobile phones offer for learning. EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  21. 21. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner Conclusions 2 Use the 21st century technology to enable 21st century knowledge More Resarch is requested for using mobile phones for Learning EdMedia Vancouver June 2016
  22. 22. Learning with Mobile Devices , AustriaM. Grimus & M. Ebner EdMedia Vancouver, 2016 , June 28-30 Graz University of Technology EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY Graz University of Technology Martin Ebner http://elearning.tugraz.at martin.ebner@tugraz.at http://elearningblog.tugraz.at m ebn er Slides available at: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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