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Making of an Open Makerspace in a Secondary Vocational School in Austria: Development, Activities, User Behaviour and Gender Balance

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Making of an Open Makerspace in a Secondary Vocational School in Austria: Development, Activities, User Behaviour and Gender Balance

  1. 1. Making of an Open Makerspace in a Secondary Vocational School in Austria: Development, Activities, User Behaviour and Gender Balance Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner edMedia Conference July 2021
  2. 2. Research Questions edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner Q1 Is there a need to introduce makerspaces to secondary schools in Austria? Q2 How can an open makerspace in and used by a school be developed? Q3 Which maker activities are suited for an open makerspace in and used by a school? Q4 What effects do makerspaces in secondary vocational schools have on their users? Q5 How can gender balance be supported by makerspace activities?
  3. 3. HTL Hollabrunn • Small town in Lower Austria • Higher Federal Technical College (Höhere Technische Lehranstalt) • ~1200 students in year 9 to 13 • ~140 teachers edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  4. 4. The need of a makerspace • Final project for all students in their last year • 80 – 150 working hours • Professional machinery for rapid prototyping • Interference with regular classes Number of final projects at HTL Hollabrunn from 2005 to 2019 edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  5. 5. Making of the open makerspace • Initial Funding – € 80 000 by ProHTL competition • Ongoing Funding – Sponsoring and user fees • Legal framework – liability rules and legal conditions require a commited private organisation edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  6. 6. The makerspace • Laser cutter, CNC-mill, embroidery machine, 3D- printers,… • 3 rooms on 100m² with separate entrance • Open 24/7 with access card and video surveillance • Students, teachers, alumni, external users edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  7. 7. Statistical evaluation of user data September 2019 - February 2020 • 49 students, 34 school employees, 5 external users • over 2,300 logged entries to the makerspace using the access system • entries peaked in December 2019 • average activity of machine use was 2.4 hours per day including holidays • laser cutter and the 3d printers were the most popular devices • recorded on-time of the laser cutter was 510 hours • 3d printers processed 440 jobs, each lasting for about 4 to 12 hours • 225 jobs on the embroidery machine took an average of 30 minutes edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  8. 8. Name and logo competition • In cooperation with two partner schools • Over 100 suggestions • Preselection by a jury • Voting by students on social media edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  9. 9. Makerchallenge • 44 students (year-12 ) • 7 weeks • 19 hours in class and lots of students´ free time Task: • Make a give-away for our makerspace • Maximum product cost for serial production: € 5 • Use the lasercutter and a 3D printer Software Electronics 3D printers Lasercutter edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  10. 10. Makerchallenge workflow Ideas Assign- ment Artefact ment De velop 1h 3h 15h Sponsor Teacher Sponsor/ Jury Teacher Student Student Teacher/Expert edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  11. 11. Makerchallenge – Student´s view Realise my cool thing Can I do this? Who can help ? Setbacks are ok! edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  12. 12. Challenge presentation Foto: Bollwein/WKNÖ Foto: Buchgraber/HTL Hollabrunn edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  13. 13. Makerchallenge – Teacher´s view High motivation Combining theorie with practical implementation Students actively seek know-how Setbacks and failures are part of the development process edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  14. 14. Summer@HTL • Yearly week of summer camp • 96 year-7 students in 12 groups • HTL students (year-10) as peer-guides for each group Kinder@HTL • Holiday camp in autumn break • 45 year-3 to year-6 students Holiday Camps edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  15. 15. Gender balance Age 13 Age 7-12 edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner
  16. 16. Conclusion edMedia, July 2021 - Nanna Nora Sagbauer, Klaus Stocker, Michael Pollak, Martin Ebner Q1 There is a need to introduce makerspaces to secondary schools in Austria Q2 The developed of an open makerspace in and used by a school takes time, effort and money. And it is worth it. Q3 There are many maker activities which are suited for an open makerspace in and used by a school. Q4 We recorded positive effects of the makerspace in a secondary vocational school on the users, such as increased motivation and resilience. Q5 Participants` age of maker activities was identified to be a major factor for gender balance.

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