Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste CIKR Sector: Case Study of the Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island PPT
Lindsey LandolfiProfessor LahnemanIHSM 611-001
Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station Harrisburg, PA Baltimore, MD 79.3 mi Harrisburg, PA Philadelphia, PA 106 mi Harrisburg, PA Washington, DC 120 miCredit: 2000 United States Disaster Preparedness Institute (USDPI) Credit: Google – Imagery , 2011 Graphic Adjustments; L. Landolfi
International Atomic Energy Agency’s International Nuclear Event Scale for prompt communication of safety significance • Chernobyl, Ukraine 1986 • Kyshtym, Russia 1957 • Three Mile Island, USA 1979Credit: The International Atomic Energy Agency. Graphic Adjustments; L. Landolfi
Three Mile Island Pressurized Water Reactor SchematicCredit: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.Graphic Adjustments; L. Landolfi
Three Mile Island Unit 2 Control Room DesignCredit: Report of the Presidents Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. Graphic Adjustments; L. Landolfi A Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspector examines the TMI-2 control room. Credit: National Archives
Post- Three Mile Island Unit-2 Loss of Coolant AccidentMet Ed technicians and radioactive TMI employee monitoring radiation levels ,material cleanup crew in protective across the Susquehanna river from thegear. disabled TMI-2 reactor containment building.Credit: AP Photo Credit: AP Photo. Graphic Adjustments; L. Landolfi
Three Mile Island 25 Mile Radius Fallout Map Fear of radiation exposure prompted voluntary evacuations in the residential areas near the TMI facility. Credit: Nuke Times Credit: AP Photo
Three Mile Island Transformation from Public Asset to LiabilityCooling towers at Three Mile Island. Credit: Dan Miller/Time Magazine/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images An April 9, 1979 issue of TIME magazine highlighting the Three Mile Island nuclear controversy.
Connection Between Media, Publics, & PoliticsOn March 30 , 1979 Walter Cronkite, to lead the CBS Evening News by saying,“we are faced with the remote but very real possibility of a nuclear meltdown at the Three Mile Island atomic power plant.” A film dramatizing the dangers After the TMI accident, an issue of Mad of nuclear power, “The China magazine featured Alfred E. Neuman, the Syndrome” was released 12 days fictional mascot of Mad magazine, with his prior to the TMI accident. intellectually incurious motto, "What, me worry?" changed to, "Yes, me worry!"
Federal Investigation of the Three Mile Island Accident Credit: Library of Congress President J. Carter and John Kemeny, Head of the TMI(Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1979) Presidential Commission
Testimony to the Commission Seated (1 to R) Garry Miller, Earnest Blake, William Zewe, TMI station manager; Met Ed legal council; TMI-2 & TMI-1 shift George Kunder, Fred Scheimann, supervisor; TMI-2 superintendent TMI-2 shift foreman; Edward Frederick and for tech. support. Craig Faust; TMI-2 control roomCredit: Report of the Presidents Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island operators
Anti-Nuclear Power Campaigns Protestors rallying at the Pennsylvania Capitol following the Three Mile Island accident. Credit: National ArchivesGiugni, M. (2004). Social protest and policy change. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.
Radiation Emission and Cancer Incidence within 10 miles of Three Mile IslandData source: Environmental HealthPerspectives, vol. 5, no. 1, jan. 1997.Graphic: J. Bryan, Endeavors, vol. XIV,no. 1, Fall1997, and J. Trostle
Nuclear Regulatory Commission License Renewal Process Onsite Inspection Inspection(s) Report(s) Issued ** License Renewal Application **Submitted to NRC Safety Advisory Safety Safety Evaluation Committee ACRS Evaluation Evaluation Report with on Reactor Review ** Audit & Report Open Items Safeguards Review Issued** Safety Review Issued** (ARCS) Review ACRS Letter Issued ** Licenses Renewal Process & Environmental Scoping Meetings NRC Decision on Hearings* Application** Environmental Review Draft Final DSEIS Environmental Supplement to Supplement to Public Audit the GEIS the GEIS Meeting Issued** Issued Opportunities for Public Interaction * If a Request for Hearing is Granted ** Available at www.nrc.gov Credit: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Graphic Adjustments; L. Landolfi
NIPP and Nuclear Sector-Specific Plan Risk Management FrameworkCredit: U.S. The NuclearReactors, Materials, and WasteSector-Specific Plan, 2010 Performance and safety enhancements of nuclear facilities lead up to a recent revival of the nuclear industry. The TMI Unit-1 license was renewed in 2009. Exelon Emergency Plan details the procedures designed to protect the public in event of a nuclear emergency.Credit: Exelon Corporation
Emergency Planning for Three Mile Island Area Emergency Alert SystemCredit: Exelon Corporation Credit: Exelon CorporationTMI evacuation map detailing evacuation List of EAS communication sources;routes and reception centers. radio and TV.