LBPP LIA PRAMUKA 1
Muhamad Dzaki Albiruni
Higher Intermediate 4
Saturday / 15 – 19 / 408
Topic: Population control in Developing and Developed countries
M.I: Impact of population number in Indonesia and Japan
Thesis Statement: Population control affects the consumption level, economic
development and land use both in Indonesia and Japan.
1. T.S: Population number affects consumption level in Indonesia and Japan
S.D: - Waste level in Indonesia
- Waste level in Japan
2. T.S: Economic development between Indonesia and Japan are also affected by
S.D: - Poverty and Jobless condition in Indonesia
- Advanced Technology and Economy condition in Japan
3. T.S: Population number will affects residence and related into land use in Indonesia
S.D: - High density and low green areas in Indonesia
- Advanced buildings that suitable with master plan in Japan
Concluding Sentence: The consumption level, economic development and land use in
Indonesia and Japan are affected by population control.
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Impact of Population Number in Indonesia and Japan
Citizen is one of four terms in order to build a country. Nowadays, there are more than
7.3 billion of people that are scattered in every country in the world. The world population is
growing by 1.2 percent per year, or approximately an additional 83 million people annually.
Even with the high death rates of those living in poverty, the world population is still expanding
at an incredible rate. It is expected to reach 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 11.2
billion in 2100. However, more than 70 percent of them live in developing countries, so it will
create the positive and negative impacts significantly for a country. As a government, they have
to think about population control and its impact for the future. For example is the problems and
conditions in Indonesia as one of developing countries, and Japan as developed countries.
Population control affects the consumption level, economic development and land use both in
Indonesia and Japan.
The population number could affect the consumption level both in Indonesia and Japan.
As a human, we will use the products that are needed for daily life (primary), secondary and
tertiary. If the citizens use the product or consume something, it will produce the amount of
waste significantly. Based on Ministry of Environment statistics in 2014, Indonesia produces
more than 180.000 ton waste per day or equal with 64 million ton per year. It causes the dump
and garbage, mostly in Java, can’t load more amount of waste and will make people throw the
waste into river or anywhere else. Waste is one of the hardest problems that related to disaster
like flood and reduces the aesthetics value. On the other hand, Japan produced only 9.7 million
ton waste per year, so the Japanese government can implement the 3R and waste separation
easily that can make the cities in Japan more beautiful than before. Therefore, the number of
population is really important to reduce the amount of waste and make the country better.
Economic development between Indonesia and Japan are affected by population number.
As we know, the population in Indonesia is not equal with the jobs availability. Based on
statistics on World Bank, the population in Indonesia reaches 250 million of people and 6% of
them are jobless that cause the GDP just US$888 billion per year. The Government has to focus
on subsidize poor people in some aspects such as Indonesian Smart Card, Indonesian Health
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Card, Direct Cash Assistance, and also the fuel price for reducing the poverty level to stabilize
economical country. On the other hand, population in Japan just has 127 million of people with
only 4% of them are jobless. It causes the economic development in Japan has already enough
with GDP US$4,600 billion per year and makes the government allocate the budget to develop
technology such as Shinkansen and Maglev as the fastest train in the world or build more
infrastructures like 1,152,207 kilometers of highways and 6,114 kilometers of expressways.
Thus, the population control really influence the country in order to reduce the amount of
subsidize and develop the economy.
Population also influences the number of residence that affects land use in Indonesia and
Japan. As the example, Java and Honshu are the islands with the capital city of each country, but
the conditions are too different in some aspects especially in land use. Based on statistics, the
density in Java is about 1026 per km square which dominantly live in Jakarta. It causes the
increasing of residences, so the public areas for reforestation not available. Therefore, it causes
new problems such as uncontrolled air pollution, low infiltration level, inhabitant wild animals,
etc. On the other hand, the density in Honshu just about 447 per km square and the residence’s
development is done vertically. Then, government can set the master plan easier for country and
provide some public spaces for green areas too. Consequently, number of population really
influenced the government to set up the master plan of land use.
The consumption level, economic development and land use in Indonesia and Japan are
affected by population control. The zero population growth in Japan really affects the
Government in Japan to set plans easier than in other country with high population growth. If
Indonesia can control the population like Japan, Indonesia could be developed country. The
Indonesian government has to press the population growth immediately. Therefore, the number
of population really affects a country in order to have the good impacts.
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Sources (not printed):
Student World Atlas, published in 2014 – Dorling Kindersly
Asia Youth Leaders 2015 (Waste Management) Journal
Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia