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Reducing Hunger, Poverty and Inequality
INCOME PER CAPITA GROWTH BY QUINTILE 
(2002 – 2013) 
6.20% 6.09% 
5.44% 
4.30% 
2.63% 
7.00% 
6.00% 
5.00% 
4.00% 
3.00% 
2.00% 
1.00% 
0.00% 
20% poorest 20 a 40 40 a 60 60 a 80 20% richest 
Source: PNAD, without northern rural areas 
Deflator: ajusted INPC 
Base: R$ sep/oct. 2013
80 
96 104 
120 
140 
152 
166 
186 
204 
218 
249 
268 
290 
315 
350 
300 
250 
200 
150 
100 
50 
0 
MINIMUM WAGE EVOLUTION 
(US$** and % real variation) 
* 2015 National Budget Law 
** US$ 1,0 = R$ 2,5 
Source: Brazilian Central Bank. Note: Developed by Ministry of Finance. Data deflated by the INPC inflation index.
FORMAL JOBS EVOLUTION (million) 
28.70 29.50 
31.40 
33.20 
35.20 
37.60 
39.40 
41.20 
44.10 
46.30 
47.40 
48.90 49.49 
60.00 
50.00 
40.00 
30.00 
20.00 
10.00 
0.00 
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 (j-jun) 
Source: RAIS/MTE. Note: Balanced by the end of the periods
BOLSA FAMILIA 
PROGRAM 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM 
• Conditional Cash transfer Program to poor and extremely 
poor families 
• Families must meet conditions in the areas of 
Education and Health 
• Bolsa Familia coverage in 2014: 14 million families 
• The benefit is sent directly to families via bank cards 
• The bank card holder is preferably the mother 
• Unified Registry for Social Programs
MAIN RESULTS 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
50% increase in prenatal healthcare 
14% reduction in premature birth rates 
Less babies born underweight 
99% of the children are vaccinated 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
Children aged 0 to 5 years 
46% decrease in 
mortality due to diarrhea 
58% decrease in 
mortality caused by 
malnutrition 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
STUNTING PREVALENCE (%) IN CHILDREN UP TO 
AGE 5 IN THE BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM 
16.8 
16.2 
15.6 
15.1 
14.5
THIRD LARGEST REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF 
UNDERNOURISHED PEOPLE IN THE WORLD – 2002/14 
% População 
15.0 
13.0 
11.0 
9.0 
7.0 
5.0 
3.0 
1.0 
-1.0 
Triennium 
1.7% 
BRASIL – Undernourished population (%) 
Source: FAO, 2014 
Elaboration: SAGI/MDS. 
Reduction of 
82% 
Brazil has dropped off the World Hunger Map 
in 2014
ALMOST 17 MILLION 
STUDENTS 
ARE MONITORED FOR 
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
BOLSA FAMILIA REDUCES EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY 
% of 15-year-old students in public schools at the 
% de estudantes de 15 anos da rede pública na série/ano esperado 
63.1 
31.0 
32.1 
73.1 
54.8 
appropriate grade level 
20% poorest people Remaining 80% 
18.3 
-41% 
2002 2006 2013
US$ 1.00 
GDP Multiplier Effect 
= US$ 1.78 
Bolsa Familia costs Brazil US$ 10 billion. 
This is equal to 0.46% of the GDP. 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
Bolsa Familia keeps 
36 million people out of 
extreme poverty 
OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
EXTREME POVERTY REDUCTION (%) 
RATE BY AGE 
Age 
0 
10 
6 
4 
2 
8 
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 
Without Bolsa 
Familia 
With Bolsa Familia after Brazil 
Without Extreme Poverty Plan 
With Bolsa Familia before 
Brazil Without Extreme 
Poverty Plan
ACTIVE SEARCHING 
The State 
shall go 
where 
poverty is 
The poor 
shall no 
longer seek 
the State 
for help 
Every family in extreme poverty must be part of Bolsa Familia 
Over 1.35 million families have been located and included 
150 thousand are yet to be found (estimate)
ACTIVE SEARCHING
ACTIVE SEARCHING – SOCIAL ASSISTANCE 
 1,256 social assistance mobile teams 
 118 speedboats for the mobile teams
ACTIVE SEARCHING
ACTIVE SEARCHING
ENDING 
EXTREME 
POVERTY 
IS ONLY 
THE 
BEGINNING
UNIFIED REGISTRY FOR SOCIAL PROGRAMS 
Doorway to more than 20 federal programs
DOORWAYS OUT OF EXTREME POVERTY 
POVERTY 
MAP 
Increasing capabilities 
and opportunities 
Enhanced income 
Increased welfare 
Income 
transfers 
Rural and Urban 
Productive 
Inclusion 
Access to 
Public Services
PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION 
Professional training courses: 594 types of free courses 
offered to low income population 
 1,5 million enrollments 
Microcredit for production: 3,6 million operations with 
Bolsa Familia beneficiaries 
Micro entrepreneurs: 406 thousand Bolsa Familia 
beneficiaries
Semiarid
BUILDING AND SETTING-UP CISTERNS
PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION 
Cisterns: construction of water reservoirs 
for vulnerable families to universalize 
access in semiarid region 
750 thousand cisterns installed since the 
beginning of Brazil without Extreme Poverty 
Plan 
1.1 million cisterns with those built on Lula´s 
Governement
Multidimensional Poverty Analysis 
2002-2013 
Reduction of inequality among the 
poorest income, territory, race 
and age group
WORLD BANK INDICATORS AND DEPRIVATION CRITERIA 
Three or more deprivations in one of the social dimensions 
Indicator The household is considered deprived on that dimension 
Child School 
Attendance 
If any school-aged child (7-17 years old) is not enrolled in school 
Years of schooling If none of the household members has 8 years of schooling or more 
Improved sanitation if the dwelling has no access to a general network or septic tank 
Safe water If the dwelling has no access to piped water provided by the general 
network of distribution, well or spring 
Electricity If the dwelling has no access to electricity 
Shelter If living in a shelter not constructed with masonry materials (like bricks 
and stones) 
Assets If it does not own at least two of i) refrigerator/freezer ii) 
telephone/mobile iii) clean cooking fuel stove (gas or electric) 
and simultaneously below the National Poverty Line 
Dimension Indicator 
Income Per capita household income below 140 Reais
The number of people who completed basic educationgrew 
37.2 
138% among the poorest 
Head of Household who completed basic education (%) 
14.5 
39.6 
17.2 
46.6 
24.5 
52.7 
34.4 
60.0 
50.0 
40.0 
30.0 
20.0 
10.0 
0.0 
Total 5% mais pobres 
2002 2004 2008 2013 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
School attendance for children between 6 and 14 years was 
twice the national rate among the poorest 5% 
95.8 
Population between 6 and 14 years which attends school (%) 
92.5 
96.1 
92.4 
97.5 
96.0 
98.4 
97.5 
99.0 
98.0 
97.0 
96.0 
95.0 
94.0 
93.0 
92.0 
91.0 
90.0 
89.0 
Total 5% mais pobres 
2002 2004 2008 2013 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
The access to electrical power advanced 5 times 
96.5 
faster among the poorest 5% 
Households with electrical power (%) 
84.0 
96.6 
86.2 
98.2 
92.4 
99.3 
97.6 
105.0 
100.0 
95.0 
90.0 
85.0 
80.0 
75.0 
Total 5% mais pobres 
2002 2004 2008 2013 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
The advance in the access to water was 5 times greater 
through the 5% poorest population 
Households with access to water through the general supply network, cisterns, 
wells or springs with plumbing (%) 
9.4 9.6 10.1 10.6 
77.8 79.4 82.1 84 
100 
80 
60 
40 
20 
0 
2001 2004 2008 2013 
51.5 53.8 
61.6 67.7 
5.8 6.6 
8.7 
12.2 
90 
80 
70 
60 
50 
40 
30 
20 
10 
0 
2001 2004 2008 2013 
94.6% 
88.5% 
59.7% 
79.9% 
Total 
Cisterns, wells or springs with plumbing 
General supply network 
Poorest 5% 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
Adequate septic and sewer drainage growth was 3 times 
67.9 
faster among the poorest 5% 
Households with adequate sanitary draining (%) 
35.2 
68.5 
38.1 
72.8 
43.6 
76.0 
54.0 
80.0 
70.0 
60.0 
50.0 
40.0 
30.0 
20.0 
10.0 
0.0 
Total 5% mais pobres 
2002 2004 2008 2013 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
Living conditions of the Brazilian population and the 
87.3 
poorest 5% Brazil, 2002 to 2013 
Heads of households with refrigerators or freezers (%) 
52.8 
88.0 
54.7 
92.6 
67.5 
97.6 
88.7 
120.0 
100.0 
80.0 
60.0 
40.0 
20.0 
0.0 
Total 5% mais pobres 
2002 2004 2008 2013 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
Access to mobile phones advanced almost 700% 
among the poorest 5% in the reference period 
34.6 
Household with mobile phone (%) 
9.4 
47.6 
15.4 
75.3 
47.0 
89.8 
75.7 
100.0 
90.0 
80.0 
70.0 
60.0 
50.0 
40.0 
30.0 
20.0 
10.0 
0.0 
Total 5% mais pobres 
2002 2004 2008 2013 
Source: PNAD/IBGE 
Elaborated by MDS
Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index 
2002 to 2013 
8.2 
8.0 
7.5 
7.0 
5.3 
4.4 
3.4 
2.8 
1.8 
1.4 
1.1 
9.0 
8.0 
7.0 
6.0 
5.0 
4.0 
3.0 
2.0 
1.0 
0.0 
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 
Source: PNAD/IBGE Pobreza crônica 
Elaborated by MDS
Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index per Region 
2002 to 2013 
18.1 
17.3 
13.4 
12.1 
9.6 
9.1 
7.2 
6.2 
5.2 
17.9 17.8 
15.3 
14.5 
11.3 
9.1 
7.2 
5.8 
3.5 
2.3 
1.9 
2.3 2.1 1.8 1.6 
20 
18 
16 
14 
12 
10 
8 
6 
4 
2 
1.0 0.8 0.6 0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 
Source: PNAD/IBGE Norte Nordeste Sudeste Sul Centro-Oeste 
Elaborated by MDS
Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index by color/race 
2002 to 2013 
4.5 
4.1 
3.8 
3.4 
2.6 
2.2 
1.8 
1.4 
0.9 0.6 0.5 
12.6 12.5 
11.6 
10.8 
8.1 
6.7 
5.2 
4.3 
2.9 
2.1 
1.7 
14.0 
12.0 
10.0 
8.0 
6.0 
4.0 
2.0 
0.0 
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 
Source: PNAD/IBGE Branco e Amarelo Preto, pardo e índigenas 
Elaborated by MDS
KEYS TO SUCCESS 
Leadership and government priority 
“My administration’s highest determination will be to overcome 
extreme poverty and create opportunities for all” 
Dilma Rousseff, inauguration speech 
Simple design 
Family registration is simplified and organized by local 
authorities; income is self-declared 
Cash transfers made through debit card 
Priority given to women, the preferred account holders 
Large scale and easy replication 
We needed programs that could easily be reproduced across a 
country as large and diverse as Brazil 
Clear targets and goals 
Monitoring and evaluation

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Apresentação da ministra - seminário internacional Desenvolvimento Social: um diálogo Reino Unido – Brasil

  • 1. Reducing Hunger, Poverty and Inequality
  • 2. INCOME PER CAPITA GROWTH BY QUINTILE (2002 – 2013) 6.20% 6.09% 5.44% 4.30% 2.63% 7.00% 6.00% 5.00% 4.00% 3.00% 2.00% 1.00% 0.00% 20% poorest 20 a 40 40 a 60 60 a 80 20% richest Source: PNAD, without northern rural areas Deflator: ajusted INPC Base: R$ sep/oct. 2013
  • 3. 80 96 104 120 140 152 166 186 204 218 249 268 290 315 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 MINIMUM WAGE EVOLUTION (US$** and % real variation) * 2015 National Budget Law ** US$ 1,0 = R$ 2,5 Source: Brazilian Central Bank. Note: Developed by Ministry of Finance. Data deflated by the INPC inflation index.
  • 4. FORMAL JOBS EVOLUTION (million) 28.70 29.50 31.40 33.20 35.20 37.60 39.40 41.20 44.10 46.30 47.40 48.90 49.49 60.00 50.00 40.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 (j-jun) Source: RAIS/MTE. Note: Balanced by the end of the periods
  • 5. BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 6. BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM • Conditional Cash transfer Program to poor and extremely poor families • Families must meet conditions in the areas of Education and Health • Bolsa Familia coverage in 2014: 14 million families • The benefit is sent directly to families via bank cards • The bank card holder is preferably the mother • Unified Registry for Social Programs
  • 7. MAIN RESULTS OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 8. 50% increase in prenatal healthcare 14% reduction in premature birth rates Less babies born underweight 99% of the children are vaccinated OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 9. Children aged 0 to 5 years 46% decrease in mortality due to diarrhea 58% decrease in mortality caused by malnutrition OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 10. STUNTING PREVALENCE (%) IN CHILDREN UP TO AGE 5 IN THE BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM 16.8 16.2 15.6 15.1 14.5
  • 11. THIRD LARGEST REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF UNDERNOURISHED PEOPLE IN THE WORLD – 2002/14 % População 15.0 13.0 11.0 9.0 7.0 5.0 3.0 1.0 -1.0 Triennium 1.7% BRASIL – Undernourished population (%) Source: FAO, 2014 Elaboration: SAGI/MDS. Reduction of 82% Brazil has dropped off the World Hunger Map in 2014
  • 12. ALMOST 17 MILLION STUDENTS ARE MONITORED FOR SCHOOL ATTENDANCE OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 13. BOLSA FAMILIA REDUCES EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY % of 15-year-old students in public schools at the % de estudantes de 15 anos da rede pública na série/ano esperado 63.1 31.0 32.1 73.1 54.8 appropriate grade level 20% poorest people Remaining 80% 18.3 -41% 2002 2006 2013
  • 14. US$ 1.00 GDP Multiplier Effect = US$ 1.78 Bolsa Familia costs Brazil US$ 10 billion. This is equal to 0.46% of the GDP. OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 15.
  • 16. Bolsa Familia keeps 36 million people out of extreme poverty OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  • 17. EXTREME POVERTY REDUCTION (%) RATE BY AGE Age 0 10 6 4 2 8 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Without Bolsa Familia With Bolsa Familia after Brazil Without Extreme Poverty Plan With Bolsa Familia before Brazil Without Extreme Poverty Plan
  • 18. ACTIVE SEARCHING The State shall go where poverty is The poor shall no longer seek the State for help Every family in extreme poverty must be part of Bolsa Familia Over 1.35 million families have been located and included 150 thousand are yet to be found (estimate)
  • 20. ACTIVE SEARCHING – SOCIAL ASSISTANCE  1,256 social assistance mobile teams  118 speedboats for the mobile teams
  • 23. ENDING EXTREME POVERTY IS ONLY THE BEGINNING
  • 24. UNIFIED REGISTRY FOR SOCIAL PROGRAMS Doorway to more than 20 federal programs
  • 25. DOORWAYS OUT OF EXTREME POVERTY POVERTY MAP Increasing capabilities and opportunities Enhanced income Increased welfare Income transfers Rural and Urban Productive Inclusion Access to Public Services
  • 26. PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION Professional training courses: 594 types of free courses offered to low income population  1,5 million enrollments Microcredit for production: 3,6 million operations with Bolsa Familia beneficiaries Micro entrepreneurs: 406 thousand Bolsa Familia beneficiaries
  • 29. PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION Cisterns: construction of water reservoirs for vulnerable families to universalize access in semiarid region 750 thousand cisterns installed since the beginning of Brazil without Extreme Poverty Plan 1.1 million cisterns with those built on Lula´s Governement
  • 30. Multidimensional Poverty Analysis 2002-2013 Reduction of inequality among the poorest income, territory, race and age group
  • 31. WORLD BANK INDICATORS AND DEPRIVATION CRITERIA Three or more deprivations in one of the social dimensions Indicator The household is considered deprived on that dimension Child School Attendance If any school-aged child (7-17 years old) is not enrolled in school Years of schooling If none of the household members has 8 years of schooling or more Improved sanitation if the dwelling has no access to a general network or septic tank Safe water If the dwelling has no access to piped water provided by the general network of distribution, well or spring Electricity If the dwelling has no access to electricity Shelter If living in a shelter not constructed with masonry materials (like bricks and stones) Assets If it does not own at least two of i) refrigerator/freezer ii) telephone/mobile iii) clean cooking fuel stove (gas or electric) and simultaneously below the National Poverty Line Dimension Indicator Income Per capita household income below 140 Reais
  • 32. The number of people who completed basic educationgrew 37.2 138% among the poorest Head of Household who completed basic education (%) 14.5 39.6 17.2 46.6 24.5 52.7 34.4 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 33. School attendance for children between 6 and 14 years was twice the national rate among the poorest 5% 95.8 Population between 6 and 14 years which attends school (%) 92.5 96.1 92.4 97.5 96.0 98.4 97.5 99.0 98.0 97.0 96.0 95.0 94.0 93.0 92.0 91.0 90.0 89.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 34. The access to electrical power advanced 5 times 96.5 faster among the poorest 5% Households with electrical power (%) 84.0 96.6 86.2 98.2 92.4 99.3 97.6 105.0 100.0 95.0 90.0 85.0 80.0 75.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 35. The advance in the access to water was 5 times greater through the 5% poorest population Households with access to water through the general supply network, cisterns, wells or springs with plumbing (%) 9.4 9.6 10.1 10.6 77.8 79.4 82.1 84 100 80 60 40 20 0 2001 2004 2008 2013 51.5 53.8 61.6 67.7 5.8 6.6 8.7 12.2 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2001 2004 2008 2013 94.6% 88.5% 59.7% 79.9% Total Cisterns, wells or springs with plumbing General supply network Poorest 5% Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 36. Adequate septic and sewer drainage growth was 3 times 67.9 faster among the poorest 5% Households with adequate sanitary draining (%) 35.2 68.5 38.1 72.8 43.6 76.0 54.0 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 37. Living conditions of the Brazilian population and the 87.3 poorest 5% Brazil, 2002 to 2013 Heads of households with refrigerators or freezers (%) 52.8 88.0 54.7 92.6 67.5 97.6 88.7 120.0 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 38. Access to mobile phones advanced almost 700% among the poorest 5% in the reference period 34.6 Household with mobile phone (%) 9.4 47.6 15.4 75.3 47.0 89.8 75.7 100.0 90.0 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  • 39. Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index 2002 to 2013 8.2 8.0 7.5 7.0 5.3 4.4 3.4 2.8 1.8 1.4 1.1 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: PNAD/IBGE Pobreza crônica Elaborated by MDS
  • 40. Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index per Region 2002 to 2013 18.1 17.3 13.4 12.1 9.6 9.1 7.2 6.2 5.2 17.9 17.8 15.3 14.5 11.3 9.1 7.2 5.8 3.5 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.6 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: PNAD/IBGE Norte Nordeste Sudeste Sul Centro-Oeste Elaborated by MDS
  • 41. Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index by color/race 2002 to 2013 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.4 2.6 2.2 1.8 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.5 12.6 12.5 11.6 10.8 8.1 6.7 5.2 4.3 2.9 2.1 1.7 14.0 12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: PNAD/IBGE Branco e Amarelo Preto, pardo e índigenas Elaborated by MDS
  • 42.
  • 43. KEYS TO SUCCESS Leadership and government priority “My administration’s highest determination will be to overcome extreme poverty and create opportunities for all” Dilma Rousseff, inauguration speech Simple design Family registration is simplified and organized by local authorities; income is self-declared Cash transfers made through debit card Priority given to women, the preferred account holders Large scale and easy replication We needed programs that could easily be reproduced across a country as large and diverse as Brazil Clear targets and goals Monitoring and evaluation

Editor's Notes

  1. Programa Bolsa Família
  2. Mencionar que há décadas se tentava estabelecer uma linha, mas não havia consenso. Linha é referência não só para o Bolsa Família, mas para as demais ações do Plano- referência não só para o Bolsa Família, mas para as demais ações do Plano Para além da superação da miséria em termos de renda, outras metas foram estabelecidas: 1 milhão de matrículas no Pronatec, entrega de cisternas para 750 mil famílias no semiárido, etc.