Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Apresentação da ministra - seminário internacional Desenvolvimento Social: um diálogo Reino Unido – Brasil

582 views

Published on

Apresentação da ministra do Desenvolvimento Social e Combate à Fome, Tereza Campello, no seminário internacional “Desenvolvimento Social: um diálogo Reino Unido – Brasil”, na London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Apresentação da ministra - seminário internacional Desenvolvimento Social: um diálogo Reino Unido – Brasil

  1. 1. Reducing Hunger, Poverty and Inequality
  2. 2. INCOME PER CAPITA GROWTH BY QUINTILE (2002 – 2013) 6.20% 6.09% 5.44% 4.30% 2.63% 7.00% 6.00% 5.00% 4.00% 3.00% 2.00% 1.00% 0.00% 20% poorest 20 a 40 40 a 60 60 a 80 20% richest Source: PNAD, without northern rural areas Deflator: ajusted INPC Base: R$ sep/oct. 2013
  3. 3. 80 96 104 120 140 152 166 186 204 218 249 268 290 315 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 MINIMUM WAGE EVOLUTION (US$** and % real variation) * 2015 National Budget Law ** US$ 1,0 = R$ 2,5 Source: Brazilian Central Bank. Note: Developed by Ministry of Finance. Data deflated by the INPC inflation index.
  4. 4. FORMAL JOBS EVOLUTION (million) 28.70 29.50 31.40 33.20 35.20 37.60 39.40 41.20 44.10 46.30 47.40 48.90 49.49 60.00 50.00 40.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 (j-jun) Source: RAIS/MTE. Note: Balanced by the end of the periods
  5. 5. BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  6. 6. BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM • Conditional Cash transfer Program to poor and extremely poor families • Families must meet conditions in the areas of Education and Health • Bolsa Familia coverage in 2014: 14 million families • The benefit is sent directly to families via bank cards • The bank card holder is preferably the mother • Unified Registry for Social Programs
  7. 7. MAIN RESULTS OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  8. 8. 50% increase in prenatal healthcare 14% reduction in premature birth rates Less babies born underweight 99% of the children are vaccinated OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  9. 9. Children aged 0 to 5 years 46% decrease in mortality due to diarrhea 58% decrease in mortality caused by malnutrition OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  10. 10. STUNTING PREVALENCE (%) IN CHILDREN UP TO AGE 5 IN THE BOLSA FAMILIA PROGRAM 16.8 16.2 15.6 15.1 14.5
  11. 11. THIRD LARGEST REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF UNDERNOURISHED PEOPLE IN THE WORLD – 2002/14 % População 15.0 13.0 11.0 9.0 7.0 5.0 3.0 1.0 -1.0 Triennium 1.7% BRASIL – Undernourished population (%) Source: FAO, 2014 Elaboration: SAGI/MDS. Reduction of 82% Brazil has dropped off the World Hunger Map in 2014
  12. 12. ALMOST 17 MILLION STUDENTS ARE MONITORED FOR SCHOOL ATTENDANCE OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  13. 13. BOLSA FAMILIA REDUCES EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITY % of 15-year-old students in public schools at the % de estudantes de 15 anos da rede pública na série/ano esperado 63.1 31.0 32.1 73.1 54.8 appropriate grade level 20% poorest people Remaining 80% 18.3 -41% 2002 2006 2013
  14. 14. US$ 1.00 GDP Multiplier Effect = US$ 1.78 Bolsa Familia costs Brazil US$ 10 billion. This is equal to 0.46% of the GDP. OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  15. 15. Bolsa Familia keeps 36 million people out of extreme poverty OUR LIFE GOT BETTER
  16. 16. EXTREME POVERTY REDUCTION (%) RATE BY AGE Age 0 10 6 4 2 8 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Without Bolsa Familia With Bolsa Familia after Brazil Without Extreme Poverty Plan With Bolsa Familia before Brazil Without Extreme Poverty Plan
  17. 17. ACTIVE SEARCHING The State shall go where poverty is The poor shall no longer seek the State for help Every family in extreme poverty must be part of Bolsa Familia Over 1.35 million families have been located and included 150 thousand are yet to be found (estimate)
  18. 18. ACTIVE SEARCHING
  19. 19. ACTIVE SEARCHING – SOCIAL ASSISTANCE  1,256 social assistance mobile teams  118 speedboats for the mobile teams
  20. 20. ACTIVE SEARCHING
  21. 21. ACTIVE SEARCHING
  22. 22. ENDING EXTREME POVERTY IS ONLY THE BEGINNING
  23. 23. UNIFIED REGISTRY FOR SOCIAL PROGRAMS Doorway to more than 20 federal programs
  24. 24. DOORWAYS OUT OF EXTREME POVERTY POVERTY MAP Increasing capabilities and opportunities Enhanced income Increased welfare Income transfers Rural and Urban Productive Inclusion Access to Public Services
  25. 25. PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION Professional training courses: 594 types of free courses offered to low income population  1,5 million enrollments Microcredit for production: 3,6 million operations with Bolsa Familia beneficiaries Micro entrepreneurs: 406 thousand Bolsa Familia beneficiaries
  26. 26. Semiarid
  27. 27. BUILDING AND SETTING-UP CISTERNS
  28. 28. PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION Cisterns: construction of water reservoirs for vulnerable families to universalize access in semiarid region 750 thousand cisterns installed since the beginning of Brazil without Extreme Poverty Plan 1.1 million cisterns with those built on Lula´s Governement
  29. 29. Multidimensional Poverty Analysis 2002-2013 Reduction of inequality among the poorest income, territory, race and age group
  30. 30. WORLD BANK INDICATORS AND DEPRIVATION CRITERIA Three or more deprivations in one of the social dimensions Indicator The household is considered deprived on that dimension Child School Attendance If any school-aged child (7-17 years old) is not enrolled in school Years of schooling If none of the household members has 8 years of schooling or more Improved sanitation if the dwelling has no access to a general network or septic tank Safe water If the dwelling has no access to piped water provided by the general network of distribution, well or spring Electricity If the dwelling has no access to electricity Shelter If living in a shelter not constructed with masonry materials (like bricks and stones) Assets If it does not own at least two of i) refrigerator/freezer ii) telephone/mobile iii) clean cooking fuel stove (gas or electric) and simultaneously below the National Poverty Line Dimension Indicator Income Per capita household income below 140 Reais
  31. 31. The number of people who completed basic educationgrew 37.2 138% among the poorest Head of Household who completed basic education (%) 14.5 39.6 17.2 46.6 24.5 52.7 34.4 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  32. 32. School attendance for children between 6 and 14 years was twice the national rate among the poorest 5% 95.8 Population between 6 and 14 years which attends school (%) 92.5 96.1 92.4 97.5 96.0 98.4 97.5 99.0 98.0 97.0 96.0 95.0 94.0 93.0 92.0 91.0 90.0 89.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  33. 33. The access to electrical power advanced 5 times 96.5 faster among the poorest 5% Households with electrical power (%) 84.0 96.6 86.2 98.2 92.4 99.3 97.6 105.0 100.0 95.0 90.0 85.0 80.0 75.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  34. 34. The advance in the access to water was 5 times greater through the 5% poorest population Households with access to water through the general supply network, cisterns, wells or springs with plumbing (%) 9.4 9.6 10.1 10.6 77.8 79.4 82.1 84 100 80 60 40 20 0 2001 2004 2008 2013 51.5 53.8 61.6 67.7 5.8 6.6 8.7 12.2 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2001 2004 2008 2013 94.6% 88.5% 59.7% 79.9% Total Cisterns, wells or springs with plumbing General supply network Poorest 5% Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  35. 35. Adequate septic and sewer drainage growth was 3 times 67.9 faster among the poorest 5% Households with adequate sanitary draining (%) 35.2 68.5 38.1 72.8 43.6 76.0 54.0 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  36. 36. Living conditions of the Brazilian population and the 87.3 poorest 5% Brazil, 2002 to 2013 Heads of households with refrigerators or freezers (%) 52.8 88.0 54.7 92.6 67.5 97.6 88.7 120.0 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  37. 37. Access to mobile phones advanced almost 700% among the poorest 5% in the reference period 34.6 Household with mobile phone (%) 9.4 47.6 15.4 75.3 47.0 89.8 75.7 100.0 90.0 80.0 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Total 5% mais pobres 2002 2004 2008 2013 Source: PNAD/IBGE Elaborated by MDS
  38. 38. Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index 2002 to 2013 8.2 8.0 7.5 7.0 5.3 4.4 3.4 2.8 1.8 1.4 1.1 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: PNAD/IBGE Pobreza crônica Elaborated by MDS
  39. 39. Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index per Region 2002 to 2013 18.1 17.3 13.4 12.1 9.6 9.1 7.2 6.2 5.2 17.9 17.8 15.3 14.5 11.3 9.1 7.2 5.8 3.5 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.6 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: PNAD/IBGE Norte Nordeste Sudeste Sul Centro-Oeste Elaborated by MDS
  40. 40. Chronic Multidimensional Poverty Index by color/race 2002 to 2013 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.4 2.6 2.2 1.8 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.5 12.6 12.5 11.6 10.8 8.1 6.7 5.2 4.3 2.9 2.1 1.7 14.0 12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: PNAD/IBGE Branco e Amarelo Preto, pardo e índigenas Elaborated by MDS
  41. 41. KEYS TO SUCCESS Leadership and government priority “My administration’s highest determination will be to overcome extreme poverty and create opportunities for all” Dilma Rousseff, inauguration speech Simple design Family registration is simplified and organized by local authorities; income is self-declared Cash transfers made through debit card Priority given to women, the preferred account holders Large scale and easy replication We needed programs that could easily be reproduced across a country as large and diverse as Brazil Clear targets and goals Monitoring and evaluation

×