A city that is delhi


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A city that is delhi

  1. 1. A brief report on the city.<br />A City that is Delhi<br />
  2. 2. New Delhi is structured around two central promenades called the Rajpath and the Janpath.<br />At the heart of the city is the magnificent RashtrapatiBhavan (formerly known as Viceroy's House) which sits atop RaisinaHill.<br />The Secretariat, which houses various ministries of the Government of India, flanks out of the RashtrapatiBhavan.<br />The Parliament House, designed by Herbert Baker, is located at the SansadMarg, which runs parallel to the Rajpath.<br />The Connaught Place is a large, circular commercial area in New Delhi, modeled after the Royal Crescent in England.<br />Twelve separate roads lead out of the outer ring of Connaught Place, one of them being the Janpath.<br />Urban structure<br />
  3. 3. Delhi is an expansive area, in its extremity it spans from Narela in the north to Badarpur in the south. <br />Najafgarhis the furthest point west, and Seemapuri is its eastern extremity. <br />Places like Shahdara and Bhajanpura are its eastern ends and are one of major shopping centres in Delhi. <br />The NCR encompasses points south and east of the said border, namely Ghaziabad, Noida, Faridabad and Gurgaon<br />The main expanse of Delhi does not follow a specific geographical feature (for example, converse to London, which centered on the Thames, has its northern limit at its first Hill, Hampstead Heath, and its southern limit at the river, similarly its western limit is the bottom of a basin – Paddington).<br />The main city area of Delhi does not end until Saket in the South, whilst the northern limit is easily Jahangirpuri, and the western limit is easily Janakpuri-Dwarka. <br />Geography<br />
  4. 4. The process of urban planning in Delhi is continuing from 17th Century, when Shahjahanabad was built, which now is called Walled City.<br />Major change and expansion of Urban Delhi started in the second decade of Twentieth Century when Britishers planned New Delhi, the Capital of India. <br />Second major expansion started on partition of the country in 1947 with the huge number of refugees coming to settle in Delhi. <br />Subsequently, migration started to this city of opportunities and availabilities from adjoining States of UP, Haryana, and Rajasthan for employment. Delhi Development Act, 1957, was notified for proper development of this city according to a Master Plan and DDA was given this job. <br />Urbanization of Delhi <br />
  5. 5. The Govt. of India in 1961 set up a high powered board with the Union Home Minister as its chairman to look after the needs of the NCR. Further, the Town and Country Planning Organisation (successors of the TPO) started work on the preparation of the Regional Plan in late sixties and early seventies.<br />This ultimately led to the constitution of the National Capital Region Planning Board in 1985.This board was created under the NCR Planning Board Act 1985, enacted by the Parliament with the concurrence of the states of Haryana, U.P. and Rajasthan. <br />The NCR covers an area of 30242 Sq km including Delhi (1483 sq km) and parts of Haryana (13,413 sq km), Uttar Pradesh (10,853 sq km), and Rajasthan (4493 sq km)<br />Evolution of NCR<br />
  6. 6. Population increase from 4.1 lakhs in 1911 to 134.2 lakhs in 1999 likely to reach 143.7 lakhs in 2001. <br />Out of which 32 lakhs is likely to be slum population. <br />Migration has mostly taken place from NCR states with a maximum from U.P (49.91%) and Haryana (11.82%).<br />Demographics - NCT Delhi<br />
  7. 7. According to the 1991 census there were 18.62 lakhs household in Delhi. <br />Out of these, 12,200 household were shelter less. <br />There was 18.02 lakhs residential houses which included 1,91,386 kacha houses. <br />Delhi faced a shortage of 2,62,824 houses in 1991, which is about 14% of the total number of households.<br />Housing<br />
  8. 8. The Ridge, situated in the heart of Delhi, has an estimated length of about 53 km. <br />It is an extension of the oldest mountain chain of India, the Aravallis, entering Delhi from Haryana. <br />The main arm of the Ridge runs north-east and extends up to the Yamuna, while a smaller one enters via Tughlakabad and ends at Kalkaji. <br />The Ridge is only 6% of the total area of Delhi (1483 sq km). Besides this, the other green in the capital is part of Delhi that Lutyen built, better known as Lutyen's Delhi. <br />Here, the green belt constitutes about 2% of Delhi's land area. Less than a century ago, Delhi was an idyllic place with the river Yamuna flowing fresh and pure, the Ridge forest undisturbed, green, uncolonised and a clean air provider. Today the story is very different. <br />The Ridge - flora and fauna of the city<br />
  9. 9. The total capacity of treatment is 1478 million litres per day with nine sewerage treatment plants. <br />However the sewerage generated is to the tune of 2871 million litres/day likely to grow to 4115 mld by 2001 through 19 major city drains. <br />The sewerage also carries industrial effluents through the same drainage network.<br />Sanitation and Sewerage<br />
  10. 10. Five national highways-NH-1,NH-2,NH-8 NH-10 and NH-24 converge in Delhi. <br />There are eight rail transport corridors that carry 350 passenger trains and 40 goods trains to and from three railway stations in Delhi every day. <br />Approximately 28.48 lakhs motor vehicles are running on Delhi roads, which is likely to increase to 40 lakhs by 2001.<br />Transportation<br />
  11. 11. The total road length available in Delhi works out to a paltry 0.28 kms per 1000 population.<br />The number of vehicles travelling on Delhi roads is increasing rapidly and is approaching 40 lakhs. Of this number, 37% are vehicles that are personally owned. <br />The results are clear; traffic congestion has resulted in drastically reduced traffic speeds, often as low as 10km/h.<br />Traffic Congestion<br />
  12. 12. As of July 2007, the National Capital Territory of Delhi comprises nine districts, 27 tehsils, 59 census towns, 165 villages and three statutory towns – the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD); the New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC); and the Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB). <br />Map showing the nine districts of Delhi<br />Civic administration<br />
  13. 13. List of districts of Delhi<br />
  14. 14. The Delhi Development Authority was created in 1955 under the provisions of the Delhi Development Act "to promote and secure the development of Delhi".<br />DDA - Delhi Development Authority instigated operations in 1957 under the Delhi Development Act for a well-planned, orderly and swift development of Delhi into a capital city in its true sense. <br />The biggest challenge in front of the Ministry of Urban Development Delhi has always been to provide adequate residential and commercial infrastructure facilities to over 11 million people in the city.<br />This metro and Capital of India has been attracting large number of immigrants from the neighboring cities and states and provided an accommodating atmosphere to all. <br />The credit of this largely goes to the Housing Development Authority or DDA. Starting from the basic plan of Delhi by the legendary Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker, DDA Regional Housing Authority had the challenge to develop a pre-painted canvas into a beautiful artifact that New Delhi surely is with plenty room for all and more to come.<br />Delhi Development Authority<br />
  15. 15. The DDA Master Plan was formed in 1962 to ensure an organized and structured development of New Delhi. <br />This included recognizing of new land that can be developed into residential properties and make self-contained colonies by providing ample commercial office and retail complexes as well. <br />The DDA Masterplan was revised in 1982 to formulate the Master Plan 2001 and then re-revised in 2007 to form the Delhi Master Plan 2021.<br />It lays down the basic infrastructure requirements for a city estimated to have a population of 128 Lakhs.<br />Besides the Master Plan, DDA formulates Zonal Plans, Action Area Plans, Urban Extension Projects etc. focusing on particular areas. The spheres covered include residential Housing schemes, commercial complexes and office spaces, land development, recognition and preservation of unknown heritage sites in Delhi, sports complexes, play grounds, Multi-facility Gyms, Golf courses etc.<br />DDA Master Plans<br />
  16. 16. The development of Housing projects by DDA commenced in 1967 with construction of houses and providing the basic amenities like electricity, water supply, sewage disposal, and other infrastructure facilities. <br />The new projects undertaken instigate with recognition of project sites, public announcement about the new DDA housing schemes in various categories through newspapers and other media advertisements, formal acceptance of the applications, a transparent draw system for shortlisting of the applicants and finally allotment of the property.<br />Some popular DDA Housing Schemes of the past include New Pattern Registration Scheme that offers home registration along with the property purchase, Janta Housing Registration Scheme that offers house registrations for the EWS (Economically Weaker Section) category and AmbedkarAwasYojana that allotedJanta, LIG & MIG category flats to the SC/ ST registrants. <br />The Residential land is alloted to individual applicants, the farmers whose land is acquired for development and group housing societies through public auction.<br />DDA Housing<br />
  17. 17. The Delhi Development Authority acquires land for development in Delhi. So far, over 260.4350 km2of land has been acquired with successful development projects on 240.80 km2and 124.2949 km2as residential land. <br />Besides, the construction projects, DDA land development also includes providing a lush green belt and forest area for a clean and healthy environment by developing regional parks, neighborhood parks, district parks, play fields, and sports complexes.<br />DDA Land Development<br />
  18. 18. DDA undertakes construction, development and maintenance of commercial properties like retail shops in local markets, shopping complexes, office complexes, make shift industrial set ups, hospitals, community halls, clubs, educational institutions, religious segregation centres etc. These properties are disposed through auctions or tenders.<br />DDA Commercial Properties<br />
  19. 19. Delhi Development Authority aims to provide an entire network of sports facilities through sports complexes, play fields, multi-facility gymnasiums and fitness centres, golf courses etc. <br />DDA provides the basic infrastructure facilities, coaching through the top sports persons in India, providing stipend and kits and other facilities to identify and train budding sports talent in Delhi.<br />DDA Sports Complexes<br />
  20. 20. QUESTIONS?<br />THANK YOU!<br />