Carnival is a festiveseason which occursimmediately beforeLent; the main eventsare usually duringFebruary.It typically involves apublic celebration orparade combiningsome elements of acircus, mask and publicstreet party.
People often dress up or masqueradeduring the celebrations, which mark anoverturning of daily life.
The Brazilian CarnivalIs one of the best-known celebrationstoday, and manycities and regionsworldwide celebratewith large, popular,and days-longevents
Salvador has large Carnival celebrations,including the Axé, typical Bahia music. Atruck with giant speakers and a platformwhere musicians play songs of localgenres such as Axé music, Samba-reggae and Arrocha, is driven with thefollowing crowd both dancing and singing.
The Carnival in Brazil is a big part of theBrazilian Culture, and it is sometimesreferred to by the Brazilians as the"Greatest Show on Earth". A Samba school parades in the Sambadrome in the 2004 Carnival.
The Carnival of Rio de Janeiro is the biggest Carnival in the world, and the biggest popular party on the planet, according to the Guinness Book of World Records 2010. The Rio de Janeiro Carnival is also considered the worlds most famous.
"Baianas" from the Imperatriz LeopoldinenseThe Brazilian singer Kelly Key in Samba School in Rio deSamba School Parade in Rio deJaneiro. Janeiro.
ASIAN CARNIVALIn India, Carnival is celebrated on a grandscale in the state of Goa. In Goa, Carnivalis known as Intruz (from the Portugueseword Entrudo, an alternative name forCarnival), and the largest celebrationtakes place inthe city ofPanaji.
The Carnival is unique to Goa in India, andwas introduced by the Portuguese whoruled over Goa for over four centuries.The Carnival is celebrated for three daysand nights, when the legendary KingMomo takes over the state and the streetscome alive with music and color.
Huge paradesare organizedthroughoutthe state withbands, dancesand floats outall night onthe streets,and grandballs held inthe evenings.
EUROPEAN CARNIVALThe most famous Croatian Carnival isthe Rijeka Carnival, during which themayor of Rijeka hands over the keys tothe city to the Carnival master and thespirit of the Carnival takesover completely.
The festival includes several differentevents, culminating on the final Sunday ina masked procession including participantsfrom many different countries. (A similarprocession for children takes place on theprevious day.)
The largest Carnivalin England is NottingHill Carnival. InEngland, the seasonimmediately beforeLent was calledShrovetide. It was atime for confessingsins.
Possibly the only Shrovetide Carnivalin the United Kingdom is celebratedin Cowes and East Cowes on the Isleof Wight; it is the first Carnival onthe islands long and busy calendar.
Patras holds the largest annual Carnivalin Greece; the famous Patras Carnival is a3-day spectacle replete with concerts,balles masqués, parading troupes, floats, atreasure hunt and many events forchildren.
The grand parade of masked troupes andfloats is held at noon on Tyrine Sunday,and culminates in the ceremonial burningof the effigy of King Carnival at the Patrasharbour.
In Italy, the Carnival in Venice was firstrecorded in 1268. The subversive natureof the festival is reflected in Italys manylaws over the past several centuriesattempting to restrict celebrations and thewearing of masks, a central feature of theCarnival.
Carnival celebrations in Venice werehalted for many years after the city fellunder Austrian control in 1798, but wererevived in the late 20th century.This Venetian tradition is most famous forits distinctivemasks
In Lisbon, Portugals largest city, Carnivalis a more cosmopolitan affair. Parades,dances and festivities throughout the weekfeature famous stars from Portugal andBrazil. The Loures Carnival is a highlight ofLisbons festivities which celebrates thecountrys folk traditions, including the"enterro do bacalhau" or burial of the cod,which symbolizes the end of Carnival andthe festivities.
SPAINIn Cádiz the costumes worn are often related torecent news. The feeling of this Carnival is the sharpcriticism, the funny play on words and the imagination inthe costumes, more than the glamorous dressings. It istraditional to paint the face with lipstick as a humblesubstitute of a mask.The most famous groups are the chirigotas, choirs andcomparsas. The chirigotas are well known witty, satiricpopular groups who sing about politics, new times andhousehold topics, wearing the same costume, which theytrain for the whole year.
The Choirs are wider groups that go on open cartsthrough the streets singing with a little orchestraof guitars and lutes. Their characteristiccomposition is the "Carnival Tango", and theyalternate comical and serious repertory. Thecomparsas are the serious counterpart of thechirigota in Cádiz, and the poetical lyrics and thecriticism are their main ingredients. They have amore elaboratedpolyphony, being easilyrecognizable by thetypical countertenorvoice.
The Santa Cruz and Las Palmas is together with theCarnival of Cadiz, the most important festival for Spanishtourism and Spains largest Carnival. In 1980 it wasdeclared a Festival Tourist International Interest, by theSecretariat of State for the Tourism. Carnival of SantaCruz de Tenerife now aspires to become a World HeritageSite. This declaration by UNESCO will, occur, furtherpromoting international had Santa Cruz de Tenerife, beingthe first Carnival of Spain to obtain this recognition, for itspermanent in time and it would reach the five continentsthrough UNESCO.
In 1987 went to the "Carnival Chicharrero"Cuban singer Celia Cruz with orchestra BillosCaracas Boys, attended by 250,000 people, wasregistered in the Guinness of Records as thelargest gathering of people in an outdoor plazato attend a concert, a record she holds today.The Carnival of Las Palmas (Gran Canaria) hasa Drag Queens gala wherea jury chooses a winner.
Project done by:• Maria Dolores Montilla Castillo• Ana Isabel Perez Roldan• Maria Jesus Merida Siles• Belen Serrano Navarro