The Fall of Communism and the      Creation of the EU
Prague Spring• Aleksander Dubcek –• 1968 Soviet Invasion• A Czech Way of  Resistance• Jan Palach• Temporarily Crushing the...
Prague Spring
Neoliberalism• Margaret Thatcher: 19th  century liberal  high  taxes to help industry,  alienation of the poor• Reaganomi...
Solidarity• A shipyard in Gdansk/  Danzig• Lech Walesa and  Solidarity• Papal influence• Workers turn on  Communism
Velvet Revolution
Fall of the USSR• Gorbachev: Glasnost and  Perestroika• Perestroika : Restructuring• Boris Yeltsin• http://www.youtube.com...
The Demise of Yugoslavia     •   Most         democratic/capitalist of         Communist countries     •   Three main fact...
The EU and the Future of Europe
Background info• Established by the Treaty  of Maastricht on 1  November 1993,• Foundations: the pre-  existing European  ...
Joining the EU• The Copenhagen criteria: rules that define whether a  country is eligible to join the European Union.• lai...
Expansion• 1973 – Denmark, Ireland, UK• 1980s – Greece, Spain, Portugal• 1990 – East Germany• 1995 – Austria, Sweden, Finl...
States Awaiting Expansion• Former Yugoslav states  (Except Slovenia)• Turkey – applied in 1987• Why? Booming economy,  ext...
Euro-Skepticism•   Vaclav Klaus•   Reduction of•   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEQmJBINYj4•   http://www.youtube.com/wa...
Things to Consider•   In between Socialism and Capitalism•   The United States of Europe?•   Absence of a Military•   In b...
Reflections•   Transformation of Europe•   Modernity•   Decline of Religion•   McDonaldization
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Failure of communism and the creation of the eu

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Failure of communism and the creation of the eu

  1. 1. The Fall of Communism and the Creation of the EU
  2. 2. Prague Spring• Aleksander Dubcek –• 1968 Soviet Invasion• A Czech Way of Resistance• Jan Palach• Temporarily Crushing the Revolution
  3. 3. Prague Spring
  4. 4. Neoliberalism• Margaret Thatcher: 19th century liberal  high taxes to help industry, alienation of the poor• Reaganomics: Reagan’s Thatcherism + social values of Reagan’s reign• Failure of the USSR: victory for neoliberalism?
  5. 5. Solidarity• A shipyard in Gdansk/ Danzig• Lech Walesa and Solidarity• Papal influence• Workers turn on Communism
  6. 6. Velvet Revolution
  7. 7. Fall of the USSR• Gorbachev: Glasnost and Perestroika• Perestroika : Restructuring• Boris Yeltsin• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-z9wfueMAw&feature=related• Putin• Triumph for Democracy?
  8. 8. The Demise of Yugoslavia • Most democratic/capitalist of Communist countries • Three main factions: Serbs, Croats, Bosniak Muslims • Kosovo and N.A.T.O. Air- strikes • Aspirations for the E.U.
  9. 9. The EU and the Future of Europe
  10. 10. Background info• Established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993,• Foundations: the pre- existing European Economic Community and the European Steel and Coal Community of 1951.• single market through a standardized system of laws which apply in all member states• intergovernmentalism and supranationalism. Anthem: Ode to Joy• Independent States Motto: United by Diversity
  11. 11. Joining the EU• The Copenhagen criteria: rules that define whether a country is eligible to join the European Union.• laid down at the June 1993 European Council in Copenhagen, Denmark• Criteria:• Institutions to preserve democratic governance and human rights• Have a functioning market economy, and accept the obligations and intent of the EU.• Theme/Significance: Infringement of national independence?
  12. 12. Expansion• 1973 – Denmark, Ireland, UK• 1980s – Greece, Spain, Portugal• 1990 – East Germany• 1995 – Austria, Sweden, Finland• 2004!!!! - biggest enlargement to date: Malta, Cyprus, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary.• 2007- Bulgaria and Romania
  13. 13. States Awaiting Expansion• Former Yugoslav states (Except Slovenia)• Turkey – applied in 1987• Why? Booming economy, extend stability eastward, member of NATO• Why Not? internal issues about human rights, democracy, Turkeys open external disputes with its neighbors. Is that ALL?• Opposition by France and Austria
  14. 14. Euro-Skepticism• Vaclav Klaus• Reduction of• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEQmJBINYj4• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJAthagbT_A&• EU = Reduction of Sovereignty?
  15. 15. Things to Consider• In between Socialism and Capitalism• The United States of Europe?• Absence of a Military• In between Russia and the USA• Triumph of Democracy?
  16. 16. Reflections• Transformation of Europe• Modernity• Decline of Religion• McDonaldization

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