Declolonization presentation

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Declolonization presentation

  1. 1. Decolonization
  2. 2. World in 1914
  3. 3. Late 19 century views thWhite Man’s BurdenCivilizing MissionAmerican Take
  4. 4. “Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism”Written by Russian Marxist V. I. LeninFinance capital, Labor, Production – British in Malaya and India – British in Grenada – Belgians and Germans in Africa
  5. 5. From 19th Century: Questions on Colonial Identity Exploiting tribal/Ethnic tension Invention of ethnic groups – Assumption that rest of the World is similar to Europe Colonial Dress – Turbans vs hats – Walking Stick
  6. 6. Aftermath of WWII• European Weakness and arrogance• Growing consciousness in the colonies• Decolonization – achieving independence for nations up until a certain point controlled by European powers
  7. 7. Problems• European administrative boundaries  do not work with out the Europeans, but managed to destroy pre-colonial systems (based upon language, religion and ethnicity)• Rivalry and discord among the de-colonized• The two new “empires”
  8. 8. Two Different Paths, Part Duex• British: India, Malaya, Northern Colonies in Africa• French: Indochina, Algeria• Dutch: East Indies
  9. 9. India• Religious rivalries• English irresponsibility
  10. 10. East Asia• Maoist Revolution: pros and cons• Korea• Indochina• Is imperialism really over?
  11. 11. African Mess• European nations hold on to Africa as long as possible• Problem with Map lines• Ethnic empowerment turns deadly – Congo – Rwanda• Portugal: first to have African Colonies, last to leave Timeline for African Decolonization; note Namibia received independence from – Mozambique South Africa, not Europe
  12. 12. Success?• United Nations appears to function – UN document: can it work?• Are the countries really free?

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