“ My Teacher Said Just Use the Internet” Why Middle School Students  Need Instructional Outreach  and How to Deliver It
Part One: Why Do Outreach? <ul><li>California School Libraries are understaffed and understocked. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Li...
California Public School Libraries: 51 st  in the Nation <ul><li>CA school teacher librarian to student ratio:  1:5,124 </...
Students Build Skills Over Time <ul><li>Students don’t arrive at college “library savvy.” </li></ul><ul><li>College succes...
Case in Point: <ul><li>Crystal links to Ancient China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crystalinks.comPersonal Web site ranking high ...
Types of Assignments Requiring Research <ul><li>AVID:  Students research universities and careers.  </li></ul><ul><li>Soci...
Sample Assignments <ul><li>Please see packet for these handouts. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School Assignments ChinaProject_...
How Do Teens Conduct Research? <ul><li>I asked three small groups of middle and high school students how they would find i...
Interim Solution: Outreach <ul><li>Promotes our collections and services. </li></ul><ul><li>Builds bridges to the communit...
Instructional Outreach <ul><li>Lays foundation for college library use. </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes to the development o...
Part Two: How to Deliver It <ul><li>Churchill Middle School Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Personal & Professional Motivation ...
Churchill Outreach Nuts & Bolts <ul><li>Alert Colleagues to Visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Goals and Learning Outcomes </li></...
Preparing Colleagues <ul><li>Notify all by email of impending visitors. </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside potentially high-use i...
Churchill Outreach Goals & SLOs <ul><li>Students will  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>understand their privileges as community libr...
Outreach Presentation <ul><li>My Lesson Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Their handout </li></ul><ul><li>What I would change: </li><...
Part Three: Design Your Outreach <ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Locating a Target Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Contact ...
Cover the Standards  <ul><li>Variety of resources </li></ul><ul><li>When to use which resources </li></ul><ul><li>How to f...
People & Places <ul><li>What schools in your area need outreach? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the students in need of this te...
Real-life Assignments (in Packet) <ul><li>View Decorative Character Assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss and brainstor...
Bibliography <ul><li>California Department of Education. (2008).  Statistics about California school libraries . Retrieved...
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My Teacher Said "Just Use the Internet": Instructional Library Outreach to Middle School Students

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My Teacher Said "Just Use the Internet": Instructional Library Outreach to Middle School Students

  1. 1. “ My Teacher Said Just Use the Internet” Why Middle School Students Need Instructional Outreach and How to Deliver It
  2. 2. Part One: Why Do Outreach? <ul><li>California School Libraries are understaffed and understocked. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library media technicians or school librarians may not have time to teach research skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information needs of middle school students sometimes exceed resources of school libraries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outreach benefits your library. </li></ul>
  3. 3. California Public School Libraries: 51 st in the Nation <ul><li>CA school teacher librarian to student ratio: 1:5,124 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National average: 1:916 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CA averages 18 books per student, K-12. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top 25% of schools in nation average 26 per student. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CA books’ average copyright date: 1993. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 24% of schools report having a certified teacher librarian on campus at least part time—mostly in the high schools. Many employ classified staff instead. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: CA Dept. of Ed. “Statistics About California School Libraries” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Students Build Skills Over Time <ul><li>Students don’t arrive at college “library savvy.” </li></ul><ul><li>College success is higher when high schools have librarians (Smalley, 2004). </li></ul><ul><li>Even before high school, students begin doing research that requires more resources than some middle school libraries can provide. </li></ul><ul><li>High achievers particularly are expected to gather, analyze, and even synthesize information. </li></ul><ul><li>In the absence of school librarians and access to adequate library resources, students turn to the Internet, developing basic search techniques but inadequate evaluation skills. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Case in Point: <ul><li>Crystal links to Ancient China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crystalinks.comPersonal Web site ranking high on Google results list for “Ancient China” search. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site also has link to psychic readings, casting doubt on quality and veracity of site’s information. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Assignments Requiring Research <ul><li>AVID: Students research universities and careers. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Studies: Students need information for speeches, papers, posters, projects. </li></ul><ul><li>English: Students need background information for literature, including author bios; descriptions of historical periods, social movements, or cultures for context; and even court cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Science: Present biographical posters, including scientists’ contributions; locate instructions for building water-fueled rockets or other experiments; write essay and create poster on ecological problem </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Language: reports on aspects of culture and on country in which language is spoken; recipes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sample Assignments <ul><li>Please see packet for these handouts. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School Assignments ChinaProject_Butler.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School Assignments ResearchProjectDirectionsButler.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School AssignmentsDecorative Character.doc </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School AssignmentsPhys Sci Bio Poster.doc </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Do Teens Conduct Research? <ul><li>I asked three small groups of middle and high school students how they would find information to meet the requirements of a mock assignment. Here is what they said: </li></ul>
  9. 9. Interim Solution: Outreach <ul><li>Promotes our collections and services. </li></ul><ul><li>Builds bridges to the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases patronage. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes summer reading programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches people how to use the library. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduces visitors to the physical building. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports literacy with all of the above. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Instructional Outreach <ul><li>Lays foundation for college library use. </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes to the development of lifelong information literacy by teaching basic research skills and Web site evaluation. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates databases. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes how to use the library. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be delivered inside your library or on campus at a middle or high school. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Part Two: How to Deliver It <ul><li>Churchill Middle School Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Personal & Professional Motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Librarian, Youth Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Librarian, Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Catalyst: 8 th Grade Science Assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(See handout in Packet.) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Churchill Outreach Nuts & Bolts <ul><li>Alert Colleagues to Visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Goals and Learning Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of Presentation (lesson plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Student Handouts </li></ul>
  13. 13. Preparing Colleagues <ul><li>Notify all by email of impending visitors. </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside potentially high-use items for a week or weekend. Let staff know location. </li></ul><ul><li>Post students’ assignment at Reference Desk. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank all colleagues profusely for supporting the young researchers and their parents with patience and encouragement. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Churchill Outreach Goals & SLOs <ul><li>Students will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>understand their privileges as community library users. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be able to use the catalog to locate books. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be able to use Academic Search Premier to locate articles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>understand requirements of their assignment as it pertains to the library. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students/families will be feel welcome to utilize college libraries and will be able to locate them. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will be aware of public library resources and how to access them. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Outreach Presentation <ul><li>My Lesson Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Their handout </li></ul><ul><li>What I would change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange earlier to facilitate computers in class so students can at least search catalog. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on one library of teacher’s choice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use simpler handout . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess before presentation and at end of research project to evaluate outreach’s impact. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Part Three: Design Your Outreach <ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Locating a Target Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Person </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Break-out Groups </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cover the Standards <ul><li>Variety of resources </li></ul><ul><li>When to use which resources </li></ul><ul><li>How to formulate questions and, from those, search terms. </li></ul><ul><li>How to access resources. </li></ul><ul><li>How to evaluate resources. </li></ul><ul><li>This can be done fairly quickly when presentation is based on an assignment. </li></ul>
  18. 18. People & Places <ul><li>What schools in your area need outreach? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the students in need of this teaching moment? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they need your library? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider special programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology-based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High Achieving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AVID Take a moment to jot down 1 or 2 schools. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Find a Contact Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher or counselor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal contact </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Real-life Assignments (in Packet) <ul><li>View Decorative Character Assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss and brainstorm as a group. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>View China/Japan Project Assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss and brainstorm lesson plan in small groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What kinds of resources? Any specific titles? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What search terms would you show students? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any reinforcing activities or games? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Collect and Share </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bibliography <ul><li>California Department of Education. (2008). Statistics about California school libraries . Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.cde.ca.gov/CI/cr/lb/schoollibrstats08.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Smalley, T.N. (2004). College success: High school librarians make the difference. The Journal of Academic Leadership 30 (3): 193-8. doi:10.1016/j.acalib.2004.02.008   </li></ul><ul><li>California Library Association. (2004). Standards and guidelines for strong school libraries . California School Library Association: Sacramento, CA. </li></ul>

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