How Did Algonquians live? About 3,000 years ago, people who spoke Algonquian languages lived throughout New York State. They lived in houses made of a wood frame and covered with hides or woven reeds, The Algonquian families had raised platforms for sleeping and a stone fireplace for keeping warm and cooking. In the summer, they camped near rivers or lakes to fish for tout, bass, and other fish. They would hunt birds and collect plants for food. They also farmed. In the winter, they moved from one place to another to follow the beaver, otter, moose, bear, and other animals that they hunted for food.
What was the daily life of an Algonquian? <ul><li>They traveled long distances with canoes that they built. They traded food and fur for items like copper and seashells from Great Lake areas and the Gulf of Mexico. They also traded for a rock called mica, which came from present-day North and South Carolina. This rock separates easily into thin shiny sheets. They used it to make decorations. </li></ul>
What were the roles of the males and females? <ul><li>Algonquian men and women had different roles. The men hunted, fished, trapped, and fought in wars. </li></ul><ul><li>The women cared for the children, built wigwams, prepared food, and made clothing, mats, and most tools. </li></ul>
How did they use the animals they hunted? Furs and animal hides were made into clothing for the Algonquians to wear. Bones were made into tools. Fish bones were used to make sewing needles and deer antlers were used to make holes in animal skins.
Another Native American group was the Iroquois. They were made of five groups called the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and the Senecas. They called themselves Haudenosaunee which means “people of the longhouse”.
How did Iroquois live? They lived in longhouses. A longhouse is a long narrow house that many families live in.
What was the daily life of an Iroquois? They spent more time faring than the Algonquians. They did not move from place to place to find food. They settled in villages that had tall fences to protect them from enemies.