Introduction to modernism

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  • Introduction to modernism

    1. 1. The Modern Age 1915-1946
    2. 2. Basics of Modern Literature
    3. 3. Basics of Modern Literature• A period of sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged.
    4. 4. Basics of Modern Literature• A period of sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged.• Characteristics:
    5. 5. Basics of Modern Literature• A period of sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged.• Characteristics: • Pursuit of the American Dream
    6. 6. Basics of Modern Literature• A period of sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged.• Characteristics: • Pursuit of the American Dream • America as the new Eden
    7. 7. Basics of Modern Literature• A period of sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged.• Characteristics: • Pursuit of the American Dream • America as the new Eden • Optimism
    8. 8. Basics of Modern Literature• A period of sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged.• Characteristics: • Pursuit of the American Dream • America as the new Eden • Optimism • Importance of the individual
    9. 9. Historical Setting
    10. 10. Historical Setting• In the early 1900s, numerous technological advances made people’s lives easier.
    11. 11. Historical Setting• In the early 1900s, numerous technological advances made people’s lives easier. • Escalators, air conditioners, teabags, better lightbulbs, E=MC², Model T (car), instant coffee, movies
    12. 12. Historical Setting• In the early 1900s, numerous technological advances made people’s lives easier. • Escalators, air conditioners, teabags, better lightbulbs, E=MC², Model T (car), instant coffee, movies• However, in 1914, war in Europe broke out
    13. 13. Historical Setting• In the early 1900s, numerous technological advances made people’s lives easier. • Escalators, air conditioners, teabags, better lightbulbs, E=MC², Model T (car), instant coffee, movies• However, in 1914, war in Europe broke out • In World War I, more than 5 million people were killed during the war.
    14. 14. Historical Setting• In the early 1900s, numerous technological advances made people’s lives easier. • Escalators, air conditioners, teabags, better lightbulbs, E=MC², Model T (car), instant coffee, movies• However, in 1914, war in Europe broke out • In World War I, more than 5 million people were killed during the war. • Modern writers Ernest Hemingway, E.E. Cummings, and John Dos Pasos experienced the war firsthand
    15. 15. More History
    16. 16. More History• In 1919, Prohibition was instituted in the U.S., but this led to the underground sales of alcohol. Bootlegging, speakeasies, and gang warfare in major cities followed.
    17. 17. More History• In 1919, Prohibition was instituted in the U.S., but this led to the underground sales of alcohol. Bootlegging, speakeasies, and gang warfare in major cities followed.• In the 1920’s, the nation finally surged and new major cities around the country were formed.
    18. 18. More History• In 1919, Prohibition was instituted in the U.S., but this led to the underground sales of alcohol. Bootlegging, speakeasies, and gang warfare in major cities followed.• In the 1920’s, the nation finally surged and new major cities around the country were formed.• Radio, jazz, and movies filled imaginations
    19. 19. The last of the history
    20. 20. The last of the history• F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote about both the glamourous and pitiful sides of the American dream in The Great Gatsby.
    21. 21. The last of the history• F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote about both the glamourous and pitiful sides of the American dream in The Great Gatsby.• Artists and writers flocked to New York’s Greenwich Village.
    22. 22. The last of the history• F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote about both the glamourous and pitiful sides of the American dream in The Great Gatsby.• Artists and writers flocked to New York’s Greenwich Village.• In 1929, the stock market crashed and the United States, and the rest of the world, went into the Great Depression.
    23. 23. The last of the history• F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote about both the glamourous and pitiful sides of the American dream in The Great Gatsby.• Artists and writers flocked to New York’s Greenwich Village.• In 1929, the stock market crashed and the United States, and the rest of the world, went into the Great Depression.• In 1939, war in Europe broke out again. World War II lasted until 1945 when the United States introduced the Atomic Age by dropping two atom bombs on Japan.
    24. 24. The Birth ofModernism
    25. 25. The Birth of Modernism• WWI ended the years of optimism of the early 20th Century.
    26. 26. The Birth of Modernism• WWI ended the years of optimism of the early 20th Century.• People no longer trusted the values of the world and sought new ideas that were more applicable to modern life.
    27. 27. The Birth of Modernism• WWI ended the years of optimism of the early 20th Century.• People no longer trusted the values of the world and sought new ideas that were more applicable to modern life.• Modernists experimented with a wide variety of new approaches and techniques.
    28. 28. Modernist Literature
    29. 29. Modernist Literature• Writers sought to reflect the fragmentation of the modern world by constructing their work out of fragments, omitting the expositions, transitions, resolutions, and explanations used in traditional literature.
    30. 30. Modernist Literature• Writers sought to reflect the fragmentation of the modern world by constructing their work out of fragments, omitting the expositions, transitions, resolutions, and explanations used in traditional literature.• Modern poets abandoned traditional forms in favor of free verse. They often forced readers to draw their own conclusions
    31. 31. Modern Movements
    32. 32. Modern Movements• Imagism (1909-1917) - Poets rebelled against sentimental poetry and instead demanded hard, clear expressions, concrete images, and the language of everyday speech.
    33. 33. Modern Movements• Imagism (1909-1917) - Poets rebelled against sentimental poetry and instead demanded hard, clear expressions, concrete images, and the language of everyday speech.• The Expatriates - Postwar disenchantment led many American writers to become expatriates, or exiles, in Europe.
    34. 34. Modern Movements• Imagism (1909-1917) - Poets rebelled against sentimental poetry and instead demanded hard, clear expressions, concrete images, and the language of everyday speech.• The Expatriates - Postwar disenchantment led many American writers to become expatriates, or exiles, in Europe. • Included Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and T.S. Eliot
    35. 35. Other Modern Movements
    36. 36. Other Modern Movements• New approaches:
    37. 37. Other Modern Movements• New approaches: • Writers practiced the stream-of- consciousness technique to produce novels
    38. 38. Other Modern Movements• New approaches: • Writers practiced the stream-of- consciousness technique to produce novels • Poets stretched boundaries by paying attention to wordplay, typography, and punctuation
    39. 39. Other Modern Movements• New approaches: • Writers practiced the stream-of- consciousness technique to produce novels • Poets stretched boundaries by paying attention to wordplay, typography, and punctuation• American authors finally began to garner international renown
    40. 40. Nobel Prize Winners• Sinclair Lewis (novelist)• Eugene O’Neill (playwright)• Pearl S. Buck (novelist)• T.S. Eliot (poet)• William Faulkner (novelist)• Hemingway• Steinbeck
    41. 41. The Harlem Renaissance• Beginning in 1921 in Harlem, New York, African-American writers, most of them newcomers from the South, led a burst of creativity by black writers that changed the landscape of American art.• The writers of this movement opened the door for African-American artists who followed them.

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