Older Person's (OPs) Needs in Times of Emergencies

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ACCESS Health International-Philippines invited Mr. Francis Kupang, Executive Director of the Coalition of Services of the Elderly, to share his presentation on "Older Person's (OPs) Needs in Times of Emergencies."

Mr. Kupang here talks about their experience in caring with and for the elderly during Typhoon Ondoy with the hope of applying the lessons they learned in preparing our communities to care for the elderly in times of disaster.

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Older Person's (OPs) Needs in Times of Emergencies

  1. 1. OLDER PEOPLE’S NEEDIN EMERGENCIES
  2. 2. FLOW OF PRESENTATION Older Person’s (OPs) Situation during disasters OP needs and problems in emergency and disaster crisis OP participation in emergency and relief services Recommendations
  3. 3. OLDER PERSONS’ SITUATION DURING DISASTERS  The older persons are one of the vulnerable sectors during disasters becau se of their physical condition.  Usually the elderly experience hunger during disaster because the distribution of relief goods is not done in an orderly manner.  Their needs are not attended to because evacuation centers are not elderly friendly.  Many senior citizens are more concerned with the safety of their children and grandchildren and are willing to sacrifice their own safety.
  4. 4. OLDER PERSON’S SITUATION DURING DISASTERS Inaccessible evacuation centers. Lack of adequate transport facilities. Inadequate facilities in evacuation centers (congested, lack of comfort rooms, running water, sleeping materials, problems on mobility, lack of health service providers and facilities. Inadequate food supplies. No provision for essential medicines.
  5. 5. OLDER PEOPLE’SNEED AND PROBLEMIN EMERGENCY ANDDISASTER CRISES
  6. 6. BASIC NEEDS In times of emergencies, the immediate provision of basic needs is critically important.  Shortage in the supply of food/relief goods  Lack of potable water supplies  Lack of materials for shelter  Lack of livelihood opportunities
  7. 7. EVACUATION CENTER
  8. 8. OLDER PEOPLE’SPARTICIPATION INEMERGENCY ANDRELIEF SERVICES
  9. 9. QUICK RESPONSE  OPOs emergency meeting (for Quick Response)  Home visits in areas affected by the disaster to know the older person situation - Identification of affected older persons - Identification of immediate OP needs  Resource generation/mobilization  Relief Distribution
  10. 10. LEADERS EMERGENCY Packing of reliefMEETING Identification of beneficiaries Relief Distribution
  11. 11. REHABILITATION AND RECOVERY OPO’s Meeting - Assessment/evaluation of the quick response activities - Presentation and sharing ofthe needs of older persons’ experience after disaster - Planning Provision of shelter and livelihood assistance Psycho-social intervention
  12. 12. LEADERS MEETING, CONSULTATIONMEETING, WORKSHOP
  13. 13. Rehabilitation and Recovery DRR Orientation and Building community Psycho- Alternative Shelter basedLivelihood social Energy mechanism in Repair responding to future disaster
  14. 14. SHELTERASSISTANCE
  15. 15. OLDER PEOPLE ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN THERELIEF OPERATIONS CARRIED OUT BYVARIOUS EMERGENCY SERVICE PROVIDERS,INCLUDING THE FOLLOWING National Government Agencies Local Government Units (provincial, city/municipal, barangay) Non-Government Organization / Civil Society Organization Churches / Religious Group
  16. 16. RECOMMENDATIONS:HOW TO ADDRESS THENEEDS OF OLDERPEOPLE INEMERGENCIES
  17. 17. FOR LGUS AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES  Conduct DNA-Damage Need Assessment in partnership with the OPOs in the community  Establish coordination or working relations with OPOs in emergency response  Government agencies and LGUs should designate a point person to coordinate all emergency services with OPO
  18. 18. CONT.........  Give priority to basic food and health needs of older people during emergencies  Government agency / LGU emergency service volunteers should have proper orientation and knowledge of how to address older people’s needs during emergencies.
  19. 19. CONT.........  LGUs should develop a comprehensive DRRM Plan that integrates older people-sensitive policies and measures in emergencies.  Strengthen coordination with OPOs in emergency respose  Enchance OPO participation in DRRM planning and implementation
  20. 20. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POLICYADVOCACY AND REFORM Establish a baseline information of the capacities, vulnerabilities and needs of older people at all levels of political units. Enchance and / or strengthen the participation of older people and OPOs in the identification of their problems and needs, and the planning and implementationof community development programmes, including programmes on Disaster Risk Reduction and Management.
  21. 21. CONT.... Integrate the older people agenda in all levels of government planning and programme development structures and processes Disaster Risk Reduction and Management policies and plans of the national and local government units should incorporate older people’s needs and problems Building partnership with NGOs and CSOs in facilitating the formation and / or strengthening of community-based older people organizations partners in participatory development practice.
  22. 22. DAGHANG SALAMAT! SALAMAT KAAYO!SALAMAT KARAJAW!

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