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Effective Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism

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Effective Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism

  1. 1. EFFECTIVE WRITING Finding Appropriate Resources Giving Credit to Sources Avoiding Plagiarism April Aultman Becker Education Coordinator Research Medical Library MD Anderson Cancer Center avaultman@mdanderson.org
  2. 2. WHY WORRY ABOUT WRITING WELL? •Reputation •Professional achievement •Liability issues •Lack of clarity can lead to lawsuit •Critical thinking skills •Communication skills
  3. 3. CHOOSING APPROPRIATE RESOURCES •Timely or historically significant •Internet references should be chosen carefully and used sparingly •Use scholarly sources
  4. 4. CRITERIA FOR SCHOLARLY RESOURCES •Peer Reviewed •Audience •Author affiliation
  5. 5. HOW TO FIND SCHOLARLY RESOURCES •SCOPUS •CINAHL •EBooks All databases, journals, and eBooks can be found on the Research Medical Library homepage or in the Sakai Library Portal
  6. 6. EXERCISE Scholarly resource? Historically significant? Peer reviewed? Intended audience? Author affiliation? http://www.scopus.com/home.url
  7. 7. PURPOSES OF REFERENCES •Documentation •Acknowledgment •Integrated •Directions •Avoid plagiarism
  8. 8. EXERCISE Scholarly resource? Historically significant? Peer reviewed? Intended audience? Author affiliation? Good resource?? http://www.differencebetween.net/science/health/disease-health/difference-between-antiseptic-and- disinfectant/
  9. 9. EXERCISE http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC88911/ Scholarly resource? Historically significant? Peer reviewed? Intended audience? Author affiliation? Good resource??
  10. 10. DAY 2 EFFECTIVE WRITING Finding Appropriate Resources Giving Credit to Sources Avoiding Plagiarism April Aultman Becker Education Coordinator Research Medical Library MD Anderson Cancer Center avaultman@mdanderson.org
  11. 11. WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? “The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work.” -American Heritage Dictionary
  12. 12. WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF PLAGIARISM? •A charge of plagiarism can have severe consequences •MD Anderson Policy on Academic Dishonesty http://www.lib.utexas.edu/services/instruction/learningmodules/plagiarism/
  13. 13. OBVIOUS PLAGIARISM •Buying, stealing, or borrowing a paper. •Hiring someone to write your paper for you •Copying large sections of text from a source without quotation marks or proper citation.
  14. 14. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF PLAGIARISM? •Fear failure •Poor time-management skills •View the assignment as unimportant •Failed enforcement of appropriate penalties
  15. 15. ACCIDENTAL PLAGIARISM •Using the words of a source too closely when paraphrasing •Building on someone's ideas without citing their work.
  16. 16. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF PLAGIARISM? •Students may not know how to cite sources •Plagiarism defined differently or more stringently than in students’ earlier education •Students from other cultures may not be familiar with the conventions
  17. 17. SELF PLAGIARISM •Copying your own previously- published work without citation •Submitting the same article to a different publication
  18. 18. EXERCISE http://www.lib.utexas.edu/services/instruction/learningmodules/plagiarism/index.html
  19. 19. WHEN TO CITE •When in doubt •Someone else’s idea •Your interpretation of their idea •Your reaction to their idea •Making a factual claim
  20. 20. WHAT NEEDS TO BE CITED •Words or ideas presented in a magazine, book, newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web page, computer program, letter, advertisement, or any other medium •Information you gain through interviewing •When you copy the exact words •Reprinted visual materials •Reposted electronically-available media
  21. 21. WHAT NOT TO CITE •Your own experiences, observations, and thoughts •Your own results obtained through lab or field experiments •Your own artwork •Common knowledge
  22. 22. EXERCISE http://www.lib.utexas.edu/services/instruction/learningmodules/plagiarism/avoid.html Common knowledge: http://ed.oc.edu/writersblock/avoidplag/media/b.htm
  23. 23. CITING REFERENCES WITHIN TEXT References within the text should be listed in the order of citation, using superscript numerals. For more information, see the AMA Manual of Style.
  24. 24. CITING REFERENCES AT THE END OF TEXT References should be listed in the order of citation in a separate section at the end of the paper. For more information, see the AMA Manual of Style.
  25. 25. DAY 3 EFFECTIVE WRITING Finding Appropriate Resources Giving Credit to Sources Avoiding Plagiarism April Aultman Becker Education Coordinator Research Medical Library MD Anderson Cancer Center avaultman@mdanderson.org
  26. 26. HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM Use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries to incorporate other writers' work into your own writing, and always make sure to cite it appropriately.
  27. 27. QUOTATIONS, PARAPHRASES, AND SUMMARIES CAN: •Provide support •Add credibility •Refer to work •Points of view •Call attention to a position •Highlight •Expand
  28. 28. QUOTES •Identical to the original •Cited •Don’t over quote
  29. 29. SHORT AND LONG QUOTES •Run On: less than 4 typed lines, it is included in the normal text •Block: 4 or more typed lines, it is set off in block style from http://www.docstyles.com/amastat.htm
  30. 30. QUOTING INDIRECT SOURCES •Indirect source is a source that someone else used in a paper. •Be clear about your second hand source. Image from http://westlibrary.txwes.edu/sites/default/files/pdf/ama_citation_style.pdf
  31. 31. GUIDELINES FOR QUOTING •Keep the source author's name •Quotation marks •Use ellipsis points •To give context to a quote, place added words in brackets
  32. 32. http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/acceptuse1.php EXERCISE
  33. 33. CITING TABLES •Only for crucial data •Placed close to text •Numbered •Titled •Cited Image from https://www.asrt.org/media/pdf/pubs/AG08_all.pdf
  34. 34. PARAPHRASE •Putting a passage into your own words •Cited •Usually shorter
  35. 35. PARAPHRASING IS A VALUABLE SKILL •Controls the temptation to quote too much. •Understand the original text.
  36. 36. http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/acceptuse2.php EXERCISE
  37. 37. SUMMARIZE •Main idea into your own words •Cited or attributed •Broad overview of the source material.
  38. 38. EXERCISE http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072873469/student_view0/avoiding_plagiarism_tutorial/summarize_paraphrase/summary_paraphrase_quiz.html
  39. 39. EXERCISE http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC88911/ Quote Paraphrase Summary
  40. 40. EXERCISE http://www.lib.usm.edu/legacy/plag/posttest.php
  41. 41. HOW CAN THE RESEARCH MEDICAL LIBRARY HELP YOU? •Classes •Study rooms •ILLIAD •Librarians •Phone: 713-792-2282 •Email: RML-Help@mdanderson.org •Chat: http://www3.mdanderson.org/library/
  42. 42. SOURCES AMA Manual of Style http://www.amamanualofstyle.com/oso/public/index.html ASRT Guide for Authors with AMA Citation Style https://www.asrt.org/media/pdf/pubs/AG08_all.pdf Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The WPA Statement http://wpacouncil.org/node/9 Kresge Library, Oakland University Plagiarism Tutorial http://library.oakland.edu/tutorials/plagiarism/ The Plagiarism Policy of the American Journal of Nursing http://www.nursingcenter.com/library/JournalArticle.asp?Article_ID=727942 Purdue OWL http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/1/ University of the Rockies Writing Center http://www.rockies.edu/docs/Hoffman_Effective_Writing.pdf

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