Building the Open University’s Web of Linked Data<br />Mathieu d’Aquin and the LUCERO team <br />@mdaquin<br />Knowledge M...
People<br />SalmanElahi<br />((Ex)-Dev)<br />Carlo Allocca<br />(Dev)<br />Jane Whild<br />(Admin)<br />FouadZablith<br />...
Linked Data<br />As set of principles and technologies for a Web of Data<br />Putting the “raw” data online in a standard,...
Graph (up to date)<br />
So Linked Data for the OU?<br />RAE<br />DBPedia<br />Data from <br />Research <br />Outputs<br />OpenLearn<br />Content<b...
Why is it important?<br />The OU has been the first University to expose its data as linked data: http://data.open.ac.uk<b...
The data.open.ac.uk Stack<br />Applications<br />Institutional repository data<br />Research Data (Arts)<br />Organization...
data.open.ac.uk<br />
Expose<br />Store<br />Collect<br />Extract<br />Link<br />Ontologies<br />Scheduler<br />Cleaning rules<br />RDF file (ad...
Method for a exposing a dataset<br /><ul><li> Identify data
 Get sample data
 Identify Copyright Issues
 Identify possible links
 Identify users and usage</li></ul>Initial Meeting with Data Owner<br />Lucero Core Team<br />Data Owner<br />Data Modelin...
 Map onto the data
 Identify uncovered parts
 Define URI Scheme</li></ul>Data Modeling Validation<br />Lucero Core Team<br />Lucero members<br />Data Owner<br />Develo...
Datasets<br />Already “officially” in place:<br />ORO: more than 18,000 publications from OU researchers<br />Podcasts: 2,...
Screenshot of the dataset page<br />
Applications<br />For education <br />Mobile podcast explorer, podcast explorer on TV <br />OU Building Map, OU location t...
Example application: Link OpenLearn to relevant course/podcasts<br />
Example Application: keep track of location, meetings, tutorials, at the OU<br />
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LUCERO - Building the Open University Web of Linked Data

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Presentation at the "IET Technology Coffee Morning" at the open university - see http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloudscape/view/2263

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  • Usual pitch: - data on the web = every piece of data is web addressable, so data across different places/stores/systems become linkable: the Web = 1 data space
  • LUCERO - Building the Open University Web of Linked Data

    1. 1. Building the Open University’s Web of Linked Data<br />Mathieu d’Aquin and the LUCERO team <br />@mdaquin<br />Knowledge Media Institute, the Open University<br />LUCERO project <br />lucero-project.info – data.open.ac.uk<br />
    2. 2. People<br />SalmanElahi<br />((Ex)-Dev)<br />Carlo Allocca<br />(Dev)<br />Jane Whild<br />(Admin)<br />FouadZablith<br />(Dev)<br />KMi<br />AndriyNikolov<br />(linking)<br />Enrico Motta<br />(SGP)<br />Mathieu d’Aquin<br />(PD)<br />Arts<br />Suzanne Duncanson-Hunter<br />John Wolfe<br />Paul Lawrence<br />Richard Nurse<br />((ex-)PM)<br />Owen Stephens<br />(PM)<br />Stuart Brown<br />Com./<br />Student<br />Comp.<br />Services<br />Data Owners<br />Non Scantlebury<br />Library <br />Specialists<br />Arts Specialists<br />OU Library<br />
    3. 3. Linked Data<br />As set of principles and technologies for a Web of Data<br />Putting the “raw” data online in a standard, web enabled representation (RDF)<br />Make the data Web addressable (URIs)<br />Link with other data <br />
    4. 4. Graph (up to date)<br />
    5. 5. So Linked Data for the OU?<br />RAE<br />DBPedia<br />Data from <br />Research <br />Outputs<br />OpenLearn<br />Content<br />ORO<br />Exposed as linked data, our data interlink with each other and the external world: become part of the “global data space” on the Web<br />Archive of <br />Course <br />Material<br />Library’s<br />Catalogue<br />Of Digital<br /> Content<br />geonames<br />data.gov.uk<br />Currently: OU public data sit in different systems – hard to discover, obtain, integrate by users.<br />A/V Material<br />Podcasts<br />iTunesU<br />BBC<br />DBLP<br />
    6. 6. Why is it important?<br />The OU has been the first University to expose its data as linked data: http://data.open.ac.uk<br />Now widely recognized as a critical step forward for the HE sector in the UK (and worldwide)<br />Favor transparency and reuse of data, both externally and internally<br />Reduces cost of dealing with our own public data: integration and reuse by design<br /> Enable both new kinds of applications, and to make the ones that are already feasible more cost effective<br />At least 3 other UK universities have now followed our example: <br />http://data.online.lincoln.ac.uk/, http://data.ox.ac.uk/, http://data.southampton.ac.uk/<br />And others in other countries are setting up similar initiatives<br />
    7. 7. The data.open.ac.uk Stack<br />Applications<br />Institutional repository data<br />Research Data (Arts)<br />Organizational infrastructure<br />Technical infrastructure<br />
    8. 8. data.open.ac.uk<br />
    9. 9. Expose<br />Store<br />Collect<br />Extract<br />Link<br />Ontologies<br />Scheduler<br />Cleaning rules<br />RDF file (add) RDF file (delete)<br />URL redirection rules<br />RSS Extractor<br />Delete (1)<br />Add (2)<br />RDF Cleaner<br />Web Server<br />ORO, podcast<br />RSS feed<br />RDF file (add) RDF file (delete)<br />Triple Store<br />RSS Updater<br />SPARQL<br />endpoint<br />RDF Extractor<br />New items<br />Obsolete items<br />Each datasets<br />Index<br />Entity Name System<br />Search<br />XML Updater<br />URI creation rules<br />Lib, courses, loc<br />Planning + Logging<br />Generic process<br />Dataset specific process<br />
    10. 10. Method for a exposing a dataset<br /><ul><li> Identify data
    11. 11. Get sample data
    12. 12. Identify Copyright Issues
    13. 13. Identify possible links
    14. 14. Identify users and usage</li></ul>Initial Meeting with Data Owner<br />Lucero Core Team<br />Data Owner<br />Data Modeling sessions<br />Lucero KMi Team<br /><ul><li> Find reusable ontologies
    15. 15. Map onto the data
    16. 16. Identify uncovered parts
    17. 17. Define URI Scheme</li></ul>Data Modeling Validation<br />Lucero Core Team<br />Lucero members<br />Data Owner<br />Development of Extractor<br />URI Creation Rules Definition<br />Deployment<br />Lucero KMi Team<br />
    18. 18. Datasets<br />Already “officially” in place:<br />ORO: more than 18,000 publications from OU researchers<br />Podcasts: 2,500 audio and video tracks from podcast.open.ac.uk, linked to the relate courses<br />Study at the OU: more than 600 live module descriptions<br />OpenLearn: more than 550 Units of course material<br />KMi Staff and Planet newsletter<br />Currently being processed:<br />OU Buildings in MK and regional centers<br />Library Catalogue<br />YouTube channel<br />Old Courses<br />“Reading Experience Database” project <br />People Profiles<br />
    19. 19. Screenshot of the dataset page<br />
    20. 20. Applications<br />For education <br />Mobile podcast explorer, podcast explorer on TV <br />OU Building Map, OU location tracker (cf. foursquare)<br />OU Expert Search<br />Connecting courses/OpenLearn to relevant podcast<br />OU Course Profile Facebook app using list of courses, “Study Buddy” app connecting facebook users to relevant courses<br />For Research<br />Display connections in a research community<br />Research Data/Impact Analysis<br />Connection research datasets to external data <br />
    21. 21.
    22. 22. Example application: Link OpenLearn to relevant course/podcasts<br />
    23. 23. Example Application: keep track of location, meetings, tutorials, at the OU<br />
    24. 24. Example application: exploring research communities<br />
    25. 25. Example application:<br />Expert Search using publication information and connecting to contact information within the OU<br />
    26. 26. Example application: Explore Information about a person in the “Reading Experience Database” based on data provided by DBPedia (Linked Data version of Wikipedia)  New ways to look at humanities research data<br />
    27. 27. The future (practically)<br />More data… always more data<br />More links, especially to external entities <br />BBC<br />Government agencies<br />Other universities<br />More applications:<br />Integration into main OU websites (e.g., study at the OU)<br />Integration into common OU applications (people profile, Facebook course profile, etc.)<br />Support for common OU processes (REF audit, course recommendation, providing resources to AL and lecturers)<br />Sustainability <br />LUCERO is finishing soon and….<br />data.open.ac.uk is becoming a core component of the OU information infrastructure…<br />
    28. 28. The future (more generally) <br />From nice demonstrators to real semantic web applications<br />Use of reasoning and data mining for data consolidation and analysis<br />Need proper frameworks for application developers!<br />Linked data and the Semantic Web to support research<br />Not only research communities<br />Identifying new research questions and collecting evidence through connected datasets<br />It is not about individual Universities!<br />Universities sharing data to benefit students and researchers: the higher education’s web of linked data<br />Needs collective vocabularies, recipes, approaches, classifications… the GoodRelations of higher education?<br />
    29. 29. The future (research)<br />Linked data analytics/Linked data mining<br />Interfaces to linked data/Making sense of linked data (with ontologies)<br />Semantic web for activity data/personal data<br />
    30. 30. Thank You!<br />lucero-project.info<br />data.open.ac.uk<br />@mdaquin<br />@ostephens<br />@stuartbrown<br />@fzablith<br />

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