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Linking Universities - A broader look
at the application of linked data and
  semantic web technologies in an
       academic environment	

                Mathieu d’Aquin
     Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, UK
                       @mdaquin
A University…
A University…	


   A university is an institution of higher
   education and research which grants
   academic degrees in a variety of subjects and
   provides both undergraduate education and
   postgraduate education. The word "university"
   is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et
   scholarium, which roughly means “community
   of teachers and scholars.”
                                                       
              -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University
The Open University	

 •  The largest university in the
    UK: 250K students per year,
    8000 associate lecturers, a big
    campus in Milton Keynes
 •  Created in 1969
 •  Almost entirely open and
    distance learning
 •  13 regional centers, more
    national centers, courses
    available in a large number of
    countries
Public information at the Open University	



                                                                   Data	
  from	
  	
  
             OpenLearn	
  
                                             ORO	
                 Research	
  	
  
              Content	
  
                                                                    Outputs	
  


                     Archive	
  of	
  	
  
                                                        Library’s	
  
                      Course	
  	
  
                                                       Catalogue	
  
                      Material	
  
                                                       Of	
  Digital	
  
                                                        	
  Content	
  

                       A/V	
  Material	
  
                         Podcasts	
  
                         iTunesU	
  
Linked Data	

 Open University                                     Person: Mathieu
    Website
                                                                                    Publication: Pub1
                                                                           author



                                                              workFor
                     Open University
                          VLE

                                                                                       Course: M366
                                                                           offers
                                       M366 Course
                                          page
                                                        Organisation:
                                                     The Open University
                   Mathieu’s
                   Homepage                                       availableIn
                                                                                               setBook


 Mathieu’s
  List of                       Mathieu’s
Publications                     Twitter             Country: Belgium

                                                                                       Book: Mechatronics


                   The Web"                                  The Web of Linked Data"
Applying linked data to the Open University	


     DBPedia	
                                                                                         RAE	
  

                                                                            Data	
  from	
  	
  
                      OpenLearn	
  
                                                      ORO	
                 Research	
  	
  
                       Content	
  
                                                                             Outputs	
  


                              Archive	
  of	
  	
  
                                                                 Library’s	
  
                               Course	
  	
  
                                                                Catalogue	
  
     geonames	
                Material	
  
                                                                Of	
  Digital	
  
                                                                 	
  Content	
  
                                                                                                   data.gov.uk	
  
                                A/V	
  Material	
  
                                  Podcasts	
  
                                  iTunesU	
  

            BBC	
  
                                                                                            DBLP	
  
data.open.ac.uk	

The first linked data platform providing open
information from a across a whole university
Linked Data at the Open University	

Course information: 
     580 modules/ description of the course, information about the levels and number of
     credits associated with it, topics, and conditions of enrolment.
Research publications: 
     16,000 academic articles / information about authors, dates, abstract and venue of
     the publication. 
Podcasts: 
     2220 video podcasts and 1500 audio podcats / short description, topics, link to a
     representative image and to a transscript if available, information about the course
     the podcast might relate to and license information regarding the content of the
     podcast.
Open Educational Resources: 
     640 OpenLearn Units / short description, topics, tags used to annotate the resource,
     its language, the course it might relate to, and the license that applies to the content.
Youtube videos: 
     900 videos / short description of the video, tags that were used to annotate the
     video, collection it might be part of and link to the related course if relevant.
University buildings: 
     100 buildings / address, a picture of the building and the sub-divisions of the
     building into floors and spaces. 
Library catalogue: 
     12,000 books/ topics, authors, publisher and ISBN, as well as the course related. 
Others…
Applications 	



                               Social"


Resource "
Discovery"




                   Research"
    Exploration
Example Application: Study at the OU	





             That’s where linked data is
Example application: Media Relation Reports	





  Academics in “Arts and Humanities”        Topics most commonly mentioned by
 most often involved with the media (in      news outlets owned by the BBC (in
        number of news items)"                     number of news items)"
From dataset about our
                       From news clipping    From dbpedia.org
researchers
                       data
Research Application: 
Research communities
Beyond the Single University	

                                  mEducator




       The Open                                        Data.gov.uk
       University                                      education
                                           Research
                      Orgs.,                ouputs
                     Buidings,
                     Locations

                                           Learning
                                          resources            University of
  OrganicEduNet                                                Muenster, DE




                         University            University of
                         of Bristol           Southampton
See http://linkeduniversities.org
LinkedUp	

The LinkedUp support action (http://linkedup-project.eu): tackling the challenge
of large scale Web Data integration for concrete educational scenarios
State of the Linked Education Cloud	


•  Currently building a catalogue of educational
   datasets (the LinkedUp data pool). Collected
   165 from 27 sources so far. There is immensely
   more!
•  About 600 classes, less than 100 used by more
   than 1 dataset
•  Almost 1000 properties, less than 180 used by
   more than 1 dataset
Number of datasets
containing instances of a
given class
Number of
datasets using a
given property
Challenge: Discovery of open educational resources
Example: DiscOU - http://discou.info
Resources URIs         Similarity-
   Interface
           + common topics
      Based Search

                             BBC Programme or iPlayer page
        Resource
        descriptions
                                                              Indexes

                 Synopsis


                Named Entity    Semantic Entities     Semantic
                 Recognition
   (Dbpedia)
            Indexing

                     Podcasts,                        Indexes
                     OpenLearn Units
                     and Articles
data.open.ac.uk
                                                 Semantic Index
Challenge: Supporting Research
Example: Reading Experience Database Project	




                            Event	
  
                                                                                                         LocaHon	
  
                                    subClassOf	
                 locatedIn	
  
                                                                                                         subClassOf	
  
                       Experience	
  
                                                                                              City	
               Country	
  
                    date:	
  Date	
  


                                                readerInvolve
                                                d	
                                                      originCountry	
  

            textInvolved	
          givesBackgroundTo	
                                                     occupaHon	
  

                                                                                 Person	
                                  religion	
  
                                                                                                              gender	
  
                                                            creator/editor	
                                              LinkedEvent	
  Ontology	
  
                               Document	
                                                                                 CITO	
  CitaHon	
  Ontology	
  
                           Htle:	
  String	
                                                                              Dublin	
  Core	
  
                           descripHon:	
  String	
          providesExcerptFor	
  
                           published:	
  Date	
                                                                           FOAF	
  
                                                                                                                          DBPedia	
  
More research support…	

Building new directions for investigation, e.g. reading during
the first world war




Linked Data as data/knowledge capture medium from the
start: new projects with Linked Data as their backbone
(Listening Experience Database, Damned in Hell…)
Challenge: Need for new methodologies
Example: Enriching data-mining results for interpretation
Conclusion	

 Universities / Education / Research
 have for objective to create and share
 knowledge
 
 Linked Data provides a backbone to
 achieve that, while removing the
 technological barrier between
 researchers/teachers/students and the
 data
 
 Semantic Web and Knowledge
 technologies have the potential to
 support new methodologies for learning
 design and for research, whatever the
 domain
Thank you!	

  More info and contacts:
         @mdaquin 
   m.daquin@open.ac.uk
    http://mdaquin.net
http://linkeduniversities.org
http://linkedup-project.org

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Linking Universities for Discovery and Research

  • 1. Linking Universities - A broader look at the application of linked data and semantic web technologies in an academic environment Mathieu d’Aquin Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, UK @mdaquin
  • 3. A University… A university is an institution of higher education and research which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects and provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education. The word "university" is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly means “community of teachers and scholars.” -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University
  • 4. The Open University •  The largest university in the UK: 250K students per year, 8000 associate lecturers, a big campus in Milton Keynes •  Created in 1969 •  Almost entirely open and distance learning •  13 regional centers, more national centers, courses available in a large number of countries
  • 5. Public information at the Open University Data  from     OpenLearn   ORO   Research     Content   Outputs   Archive  of     Library’s   Course     Catalogue   Material   Of  Digital    Content   A/V  Material   Podcasts   iTunesU  
  • 6. Linked Data Open University Person: Mathieu Website Publication: Pub1 author workFor Open University VLE Course: M366 offers M366 Course page Organisation: The Open University Mathieu’s Homepage availableIn setBook Mathieu’s List of Mathieu’s Publications Twitter Country: Belgium Book: Mechatronics The Web" The Web of Linked Data"
  • 7. Applying linked data to the Open University DBPedia   RAE   Data  from     OpenLearn   ORO   Research     Content   Outputs   Archive  of     Library’s   Course     Catalogue   geonames   Material   Of  Digital    Content   data.gov.uk   A/V  Material   Podcasts   iTunesU   BBC   DBLP  
  • 8. data.open.ac.uk The first linked data platform providing open information from a across a whole university
  • 9. Linked Data at the Open University Course information: 580 modules/ description of the course, information about the levels and number of credits associated with it, topics, and conditions of enrolment. Research publications: 16,000 academic articles / information about authors, dates, abstract and venue of the publication. Podcasts: 2220 video podcasts and 1500 audio podcats / short description, topics, link to a representative image and to a transscript if available, information about the course the podcast might relate to and license information regarding the content of the podcast. Open Educational Resources: 640 OpenLearn Units / short description, topics, tags used to annotate the resource, its language, the course it might relate to, and the license that applies to the content. Youtube videos: 900 videos / short description of the video, tags that were used to annotate the video, collection it might be part of and link to the related course if relevant. University buildings: 100 buildings / address, a picture of the building and the sub-divisions of the building into floors and spaces. Library catalogue: 12,000 books/ topics, authors, publisher and ISBN, as well as the course related. Others…
  • 10. Applications Social" Resource " Discovery" Research" Exploration
  • 11. Example Application: Study at the OU That’s where linked data is
  • 12. Example application: Media Relation Reports Academics in “Arts and Humanities” Topics most commonly mentioned by most often involved with the media (in news outlets owned by the BBC (in number of news items)" number of news items)" From dataset about our From news clipping From dbpedia.org researchers data
  • 14. Beyond the Single University mEducator The Open Data.gov.uk University education Research Orgs., ouputs Buidings, Locations Learning resources University of OrganicEduNet Muenster, DE University University of of Bristol Southampton
  • 16. LinkedUp The LinkedUp support action (http://linkedup-project.eu): tackling the challenge of large scale Web Data integration for concrete educational scenarios
  • 17. State of the Linked Education Cloud •  Currently building a catalogue of educational datasets (the LinkedUp data pool). Collected 165 from 27 sources so far. There is immensely more! •  About 600 classes, less than 100 used by more than 1 dataset •  Almost 1000 properties, less than 180 used by more than 1 dataset
  • 18. Number of datasets containing instances of a given class
  • 19. Number of datasets using a given property
  • 20. Challenge: Discovery of open educational resources Example: DiscOU - http://discou.info
  • 21. Resources URIs Similarity- Interface + common topics Based Search BBC Programme or iPlayer page Resource descriptions Indexes Synopsis Named Entity Semantic Entities Semantic Recognition (Dbpedia) Indexing Podcasts, Indexes OpenLearn Units and Articles data.open.ac.uk Semantic Index
  • 22. Challenge: Supporting Research Example: Reading Experience Database Project Event   LocaHon   subClassOf   locatedIn   subClassOf   Experience   City   Country   date:  Date   readerInvolve d   originCountry   textInvolved   givesBackgroundTo   occupaHon   Person   religion   gender   creator/editor   LinkedEvent  Ontology   Document   CITO  CitaHon  Ontology   Htle:  String   Dublin  Core   descripHon:  String   providesExcerptFor   published:  Date   FOAF   DBPedia  
  • 23.
  • 24. More research support… Building new directions for investigation, e.g. reading during the first world war Linked Data as data/knowledge capture medium from the start: new projects with Linked Data as their backbone (Listening Experience Database, Damned in Hell…)
  • 25. Challenge: Need for new methodologies Example: Enriching data-mining results for interpretation
  • 26. Conclusion Universities / Education / Research have for objective to create and share knowledge Linked Data provides a backbone to achieve that, while removing the technological barrier between researchers/teachers/students and the data Semantic Web and Knowledge technologies have the potential to support new methodologies for learning design and for research, whatever the domain
  • 27. Thank you! More info and contacts: @mdaquin m.daquin@open.ac.uk http://mdaquin.net http://linkeduniversities.org http://linkedup-project.org