Aids was first identified in the early 1980s, but the first case of the
disease may have occurred much earlier - in Africa in the late 1950s.
Drug treatments and public education have curbed its spread in some
parts of the world. In Africa, most people infected with HIV are unaware
of the fact.
WHAT IS HIV??
“Human ImmunodefIcIency VIrus”
A unique type of virus (a retrovirus)
Threatening a global epidemic.
Preventable, manageable but not curable.
WHAT IS AIDS ???
“acquIred ImmunodefIcIency syndrome”
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
Where does Aids come from?
Most researchers believe humans acquired Aids from chimpanzees which sometimes carry a similar virus - by eating them or being bitten by
them. A minority view holds that it was spread by a vaccine made from
infected chimpanzee tissue.
STAGE 1 - PRIMARY
flu-like illness - occurs one
to six weeks after infection
Infected person can infect
STAGE 2 - ASYMPTOMATIC
Lasts for an average of ten years
This stage is free from symptoms
There may be swollen glands
The level of HIV in the blood drops to low
HIV antibodies are detectable in the
STAGE 3 - SYMPTOMATIC
The immune system
and cancers start to
STAGE 4 - HIV AIDS
The immune system weakens
too much as CD4 cells
decrease in number.
TESTING OPTION FOR HIV
FIVE WAYS TO PROTECT YOURSELF?
New shaving/cutting blades
It is the most effective
method of not acquiring
Refraining from unprotected
sex: oral, anal, or vaginal.
Refraining from intravenous
A mutually monogamous
(only one sex partner)
relationship with a person
who is not infected with HIV
HIV testing before
intercourse is necessary to
prove your partner is not
Use condoms every time you
Always use latex or
polyurethane condom (not a
natural skin condom)
Always use a latex barrier
during oral sex
WHEN USING A CONDOM REMEMBER TO:
Make sure the package is not
Make sure to check the package
Do not open the package with your
teeth for risk of tearing
Never use the condom more than
Use water-based rather than oilbased condoms
NEWLY INFECTED CASES OF HIV IN
North Africa/Middle East
WHAT WE CAN DO??
We can reduce sexual transmission of HIV.
We can prevent mothers from dying and babies
from becoming infected with HIV.
We can ensure that people living with HIV
We can prevent people living with HIV from
dying of tuberculosis.
We can protect drug users from becoming
infected with HIV.
We can remove punitive
laws, policies, practices, stigma and
block effective responses to AIDS.
We can stop violence against women and girls.
We can empower young people to protect
themselves from HIV.
We can enhance social protection for people
affected by HIV.