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The general information about AIDS.

Published in: Education
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  1. 1. Introduction Aids was first identified in the early 1980s, but the first case of the disease may have occurred much earlier - in Africa in the late 1950s. Drug treatments and public education have curbed its spread in some parts of the world. In Africa, most people infected with HIV are unaware of the fact.
  2. 2. WHAT IS HIV??  “Human ImmunodefIcIency VIrus”  A unique type of virus (a retrovirus)  Threatening a global epidemic.  Preventable, manageable but not curable.
  3. 3. WHAT IS AIDS ???  “acquIred ImmunodefIcIency syndrome”  HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
  4. 4. Where does Aids come from? Most researchers believe humans acquired Aids from chimpanzees which sometimes carry a similar virus - by eating them or being bitten by them. A minority view holds that it was spread by a vaccine made from infected chimpanzee tissue.
  5. 5. Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission
  6. 6. THROUGH BODILY FLUIDS  Blood products  Semen  Vaginal fluids
  7. 7. INTRAVENOUS DRUG ABUSE Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV  Unsterilized blades
  8. 8. THROUGH SEX  Unprotected Intercourse • Oral • Anal
  9. 9. MOTHER-TO-BABY  Before Birth  During Birth
  11. 11. STAGE 1 - PRIMARY  flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection  Mild symptoms  Infected person can infect other people
  12. 12. STAGE 2 - ASYMPTOMATIC  Lasts for an average of ten years  This stage is free from symptoms  There may be swollen glands  The level of HIV in the blood drops to low levels  HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
  13. 13. STAGE 3 - SYMPTOMATIC The immune system deteriorates Opportunistic infections and cancers start to appear.
  14. 14. STAGE 4 - HIV  AIDS  The immune system weakens too much as CD4 cells decrease in number.
  15. 15. TESTING OPTION FOR HIV Blood Test Urine Test Oral Test
  16. 16. PRIMARY PREVENTION: FIVE WAYS TO PROTECT YOURSELF? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles New shaving/cutting blades
  17. 17. ABSTINENCE It is the most effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from unprotected sex: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use
  18. 18. MONOGAMOUS RELATIONSHIP A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected
  19. 19. PROTECTED SEX Use condoms every time you have sex Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
  20. 20. WHEN USING A CONDOM REMEMBER TO:  Make sure the package is not expired  Make sure to check the package for damages  Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing  Never use the condom more than once  Use water-based rather than oilbased condoms
  21. 21. NEWLY INFECTED CASES OF HIV IN VARIOUS REGIONS Sub-Saharan Africa 18% South/South-East Asia 6% East Asia 5% Latin America Eurasia North Africa/Middle East 4% 2% Caribbean 1% North America 1% Western Europe <1% Oceania <1%
  22. 22. WHAT WE CAN DO??  We can reduce sexual transmission of HIV.  We can prevent mothers from dying and babies from becoming infected with HIV.  We can ensure that people living with HIV receive treatment.  We can prevent people living with HIV from dying of tuberculosis.  We can protect drug users from becoming infected with HIV.  We can remove punitive laws, policies, practices, stigma and discrimination that  block effective responses to AIDS.  We can stop violence against women and girls.  We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV.  We can enhance social protection for people affected by HIV.
  24. 24. Queries???