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Child Labor Laws in Bangladesh

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  2. 2. Group Members Are: Md. Alamin-BBA 047 14686 Riyad-UZ-Zaman-BBA 047 14700 Janifa Akhter-BBA-04313501 SidratulMuntahaPoroma- BBA04714690 Debashish Roy-BBA 047 14660
  3. 3. Child Labor Laws in Bangladesh
  4. 4. To Inform My Audience About Child Labor Laws in Bangladesh
  5. 5. Children are engaged in diverse forms of economic activities in the developing countries. In Bangladesh, of the 22.8 million work places that have been surveyed in 1995-96, 21.2 percent reported to have had employed children between the ages of 5-14 years.
  6. 6. Child labor is work that exceeds a minimum number of hours, depending on the age of a child and on the type of work. Such work is considered harmful to the child and should therefore be eliminated.
  7. 7.  Violates a nation’s minimum age laws.  Threatens children’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being.  Involves intolerable abuse, such as child slavery, child trafficking, debt bondage, forced labor, or illicit activities.
  8. 8.  Poverty and family size  Victims of migration  Illiteracy & ignorance  Child labor law and rights  Family breakdown  Natural calamities
  9. 9. Type of labors Sample size (in number) Percentage Rickshaw puller 17 21.25 Van puller 11 13.75 Rickshaw pusher 13 16.25 Construction labor 15 18.75 Welding labor 24 30.0 Total 80 100
  10. 10. Age (years) Number of laborers Percentage 10-12 10 12.5 12-14 31 38.75 14-16 17 21.25 16-18 22 27.5 Total 80 100
  11. 11. Daily income (taka) Number of laborers Percentage 20-40 19 23.75 40-60 47 58.75 60-80 8 10.0 80-100 6 7.50 Total 80 100
  12. 12. Educational status Number of laborers Percentage Illiterate 13 6.25 Can sign at best 7 8.75 Primary level 56 70.0 Secondary level 4 5.0 Total 80 100
  13. 13. In Bangladesh:  64% of children can read and write.  7.9 million children (ages 5–17) work.  62% of all working children are employed in agricultural  1.4 million children do hazardous work
  14. 14. While child labor is on a declining trend in other South Asian countries–India and Pakistan and in the world, it has been increasing in Bangladesh. This increasing trend in the incidence of child labor particularly focuses on the irrelevance..
  15. 15. Section 34: Prohibition of employment of children and adolescent: No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any occupation or establishment. No adolescent shall be employed or permitted to work in any occupation.  He carries , while at work, a token giving a reference to such certificate
  16. 16. Section 35: Prohibition of certain agreement in respect of children:  Subject to the provisions of this chapter, no person, being the parent or guardian of a child, shall make an agreement, to allow the service of the child to be utilized in any employment
  17. 17. Section 36: Disputes as to age: If any question arises as to whether any person is a child or an adolescent, the question shall, in the absence of a certificate as to the age for inspector for decision to a registered medical practitioner.  A certificate as to age of a person granted by a registered medical practitioner as mentioned in sub- section (1), shall be conclusive evidence as to age of the person to whom it relates
  18. 18. Section 37: Certificate of fitness:  A registered medical practitioner shall, on the application of any adolescent or his parent or guardian or by the employer whether the concerned adolescent is fit to work in any occupation or establishment, examine such person and shall give his decision as to his fitness:
  19. 19. Section 38: Power to require medical examination Section 39: Restriction of employment of adolescent in certain work Section 40: Employment of adolescent on dangerous machines Section 41: Working hours for adolescent Section 42: Prohibition of employment of adolescent in underground and under-water work Section 43: Notice of periods of work for adolescent
  20. 20. Ways of curbing child labor is a challenging and worthy task and require financial, moral and political support from all the tiers of the society. In truth, child labor can’t be virtually removed from a country such as Bangladesh just now because the problem of child labor is indissolubly rooted in our society, so attempts have to be made in the first place to decrease it.
  21. 21.  For the effective solutions of the above mentioned problems, school education has to be free; school feeding. Program me to be initiated; school utensils such as pencils, rulers, textbooks to be offered; arrangement for transportation to be made and for these a large portion of the budget to be provided. In our country primary education is free up to class five, school feeding services offered and textbooks given without any cost, although the illegal sale of books by school authorities is very common.
  22. 22. THANK YOU ALL