Fire Safety Talk


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Basic presentation on fire safety for employers

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Fire Safety Talk

  1. 1. The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regs 1999 Fire Safety Implications
  2. 2. The Management of health & Safety at Work Regs 1999 <ul><li>Revision of the Management of Heath & Safety Regs 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>Came into force on 29 December 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Require self regulation and development of a safety culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced new duty to risk assess activities of young persons and expectant mothers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Management of health & Safety at Work Regs 1999 <ul><li>Makes it a duty for all employers to carry out fire safety risk assessments even if previously covered by ‘Fire Certificates’. </li></ul>Fire Risk Assessment
  4. 4. The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 <ul><li>Risk assessment      3.  - (1) Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient assessment of -  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(a) the risks to the health and safety of his employees to which they are exposed whilst they are at work; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(b) the risks to the health and safety of persons not in his employment arising out of or in connection with the conduct by him of his undertaking, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>for the purpose of identifying the measures he needs to take to comply with the requirements and prohibitions imposed upon him by or under the relevant statutory provisions and by Part II of the Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1977 as Amended Dec 1999 <ul><li>FIRE PRECAUTIONS IN THE WORKPLACE </li></ul><ul><li>Application of Part II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.  - (1) Every employer shall ensure that the requirements of this Part of these Regulations are complied with in respect of every workplace, other than an excepted workplace, which is to any extent under his control. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1977 EXCEPTED WORKPLACES <ul><li>For the purposes of these Regulations , an &quot;excepted workplace&quot; is -  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A premises to which the Fire Precautions (Sub-surface Railway Stations) Regulations 1989 apply; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A construction site; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A ship other than a ship which is- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the course of construction; or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the course of repair by persons who include persons other than the master and crew of the ship; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A mine, other than any building on the surface at a mine; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An offshore installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An aircraft, locomotive or rolling stock, trailer or semi-trailer used as a means of transport or a vehicle; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any workplace which is in fields, woods or other land forming part of an agricultural or forestry undertaking. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1977 Requirements of Part II <ul><li>Fire-fighting and fire detection Employers shall: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide appropriate fire-fighting equipment, fire detectors and alarms; and ensure it is easily accessible, simple to use and indicated by signs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>take measures for fire-fighting in the workplace taking into account persons other than his employees who may be present; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nominate employees to implement those measures and ensure that the number of such employees, their training and the equipment available to them are adequate; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>arrange any necessary contacts with external emergency services, particularly as regards rescue work and fire-fighting. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1977 Requirements of Part II con’t <ul><li>Emergency routes and exits Where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of employees in case of fire, routes to emergency exits from a workplace and the exits themselves shall be kept clear at all times. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency routes and exits shall lead as directly as possible to a place of safety; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in the event of danger, it must be possible for employees to evacuate the workplace quickly and as safely as possible; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the number, distribution and dimensions of emergency routes and exits shall be adequate having regard to the use, equipment and dimensions of the workplace and the maximum number of persons that may be present there at any one time; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency doors shall open in the direction of escape; </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1977 Requirements of Part II con’t <ul><li>Emergency routes and exits con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sliding or revolving doors shall not be used for exits specifically intended as emergency exits; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency doors shall not be so locked or fastened that they cannot be easily and immediately opened by any person who may require to use them in an emergency; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency routes and exits must be indicated by signs; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emergency routes and exits requiring illumination shall be provided with emergency lighting of adequate intensity in the case of failure of their normal lighting. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1977 Requirements of Part II con’t <ul><li>Maintenance Where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of employees in case of fire, the workplace and any equipment and devices provided in respect of the workplace shall be subject to a suitable system of maintenance and be maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is a ‘Risk Assessment’? <ul><li>It is an organised look at what potential hazards, in your work activities and workplace, could cause harm to people and what is the risk of this happening. </li></ul><ul><li>Key words are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HAZARDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RISK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HARM </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Hazards – Harm - Risk <ul><li>Hazard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Something that has the potential to cause harm. E.g. Tripping hazard, naked flame, electrical equipment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The consequence of a hazard which can range from minor injury to multiple deaths. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Likelihood of the hazard causing the accident/incident. Range from unlikely to certain. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How do you do a fire risk assessment? <ul><li>Follow the five steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1 - Identify potential fire hazards in the workplace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2 – Decide who (eg employees, visitors) might be in danger. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3 – Evaluate the risk of the fire hazard becoming a fire and if so whether your fire precautions and procedures would cope. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. How do you do a fire risk assessment? <ul><li>Follow the five steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 4 – Record your findings and details of the action you took as a result. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 5 – Communicate with your employees and review/revise the assessment annually. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Risk Assessment <ul><li>A risk assessment is essentially a matter of applying informed common sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Only identify hazards that could reasonably be expected to cause danger. </li></ul><ul><li>Ignore the trivial and concentrate on the significant hazards. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Risk Assessment <ul><li>Remember to be systematic and cover all areas of the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>If you share workspace with other employers you will need to consult them on your findings. </li></ul><ul><li>Always consider disabled people in your assessment. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have an existing fire certificate ensure you consult with local fire brigade before making any major changes. </li></ul>
  17. 17. What hazards should we look for? <ul><li>Sources of ignition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smokers materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naked flames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric/gas heaters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot processes i.e. welding, grinding, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engines or boilers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faulty electrical equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparks from impacts, arson, etc </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. What hazards should we look for? <ul><li>Sources of fuel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable liquid based products e.g. paints, varnish, adhesives, Tipex, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable liquids & solvents e.g petrol, thinners, white spirit, paraffin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper and card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastics, rubber, foam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable gases such as LPG or acetylene. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste materials dust, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. What hazards should we look for? <ul><li>Sources of oxygen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some chemicals release oxygen when they burn/get hot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxygen from cylinders or storage pipes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The air we breath! </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. What controls might we need to put in place? <ul><li>Reduce or remove sources of ignition. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove unnecessary sources of heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide safer forms of heating or equipment with heat cut out devices installed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure electrical equipment are correctly fused and where possible fitted with circuit breakers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep ducts and flues clean. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carryout regular maintenance on equipment. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. What controls might we need to put in place? <ul><li>Minimise the potential fuel for fire. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove as many flammable substances from the workplace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace materials with less flammable alternatives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure flammable materials/substances are stored and transported safely. (Train staff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure adequate separation distances between flammable materials and store in fire resisting stores. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. What controls might we need to put in place? <ul><li>Reduce sources of oxygen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close fire doors and windows not used for ventilation especially out of work hours. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shut down ventilation systems not essential to the workplace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t store oxidising materials near or with heat sources or flammable materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control the use & storage of oxygen cylinders/pipes. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. SUMMARY <ul><li>All employers must carryout fire risk assessments. </li></ul><ul><li>The assessment should be recorded and action taken to remedy hazards or reduce risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Enforced by Local fire brigades. </li></ul><ul><li>Vizion 21 can help you with the process of risk assessment or give training to staff on how to carryout a risk assessment. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Presented by Matthew Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>Produced by Vizion 21 Environmental Health & Safety Consultancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 01243 586401 </li></ul><ul><li>Or 0797 4941398 </li></ul>