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The Study of History


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The Study of History

  1. 1. The Study of HistoryThe Study of History Unit 1. Introduction to the Study of History PH1007 Evolution of the Great Civilizations Created by Carmen Zamora
  2. 2. What is history? • The record of what people have done in the past. Does this means that if it’s not recorded somehow, its not history? • Also, history is a methodological study of evidence of the human past.
  3. 3. • Historians rely on other disciplines to study the evidence of the past... • because we cannot fully understand it from only one perspective.
  4. 4. chronology • Time is linear ... •for some cultures... • for others time is actually circular. • Throughout history, many different ways of measuring the passing of time have been developed.
  5. 5. • Jews and Muslims use lunar calendars to mark their religious celebrations. •The Chinese calendar counts years according to 60- year periods, which repeat over and over. • The Maya used a combination of various calendars, but did not count the years. • We use the Gregorian calendar, which is a solar calendar designed so Easter would coincide with the spring equinox. • During the French revolution a “republican” calendar replaced the Gregorian one.
  6. 6. • We divide history into blocks of time (periods or eras), so it’s easier to analyze. • These blocks vary according to: culture geographical regions historical experiences Periodization of history
  7. 7. • B.C. (Before Christ) or B.C.E. (Before the Common Era)? C.E. - what happened to A.D.? The Muslim calendar starts to count in the year 622 C.E. According to the Jewish calendar, it is the year 5771.
  8. 8. Human History
  9. 9. European perspective AncientAncient MedievalMedieval ModernModern Contemp . Contemp . AncientAncient Post- classical Post- classical ModernModern ContempContempClassicalClassical Early Modern Early ModernMesopotamia Egypt China India Olmec Greece Rome Han China Gupta India Maya Muslim Medieval Mongol Aztec Renaissance Reformation Explorations Isolation Age of Revolutions Industrial Age Imperialism World War I World War II Cold War New World Order Global perspective
  10. 10. • Primary sources • Secondary sources A Historian’s Tools