Comparing the application of Closed and Open Systems approaches
                                               in innovati...
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Open- Closed Systems in innovation projects@ UK Systems Society Conference 2009


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Open- Closed Systems in innovation projects@ UK Systems Society Conference 2009

  1. 1. Comparing the application of Closed and Open Systems approaches in innovation project management Maria Kapsali Ph.D. Introduction Materials and methods Conclusions Open Systems thinking is underutilized in The method is two embedded multiple cases based on semi-structured interviews and qualitative content analysis. Each case project management. consists of several subcases: the first one (EARSS) consists of 3 subcases and the second (eTEN) consists of 9 subcases, making a total of 12 cases. This unit of analysis is chosen because multiple cases are suitable for explanatory studies, when investigating There are no specific metrics to measure This study compares the application of causal connections and because multiple cases can be regarded as generalizable as multiple experiments. The study investigated causal connectedness between minimum the causal connectedness between policy implementation instruments and project management practices.. Closed and Open Systems thinking critical specifications/boundary in innovation projects to discover: management and managerial/project tasks. EU eHealth Policy AIDMAN Figure 1: Pictorial EURODONOR a) If Open Systems thinking is useful to EU AR Policy representation of the concept EVITAL IREMMA More specific metrics are needed. National eHealth eTEN projects National AR Policies MEDASHIP the management of innovation National Project 1 EARSS Project of embedded multiple case Policies MEDICATE MED-CONTINENT projects and National Project 2 studies. The EARSS case on NIVEMES National Project 3 Project Management the left and the eTEN case TELE-REMEDY Propositions to proceed: b) if it is useful, then how it is practiced on the right with all their Project Management and what the outcomes are. Public Health Infrastructure subcases. Public Health Infrastructure 1. In order to develop an Open Systems generic model we need to create a management focused model. The input –transformation- output model can only help us to manage efficiency through operational metrics. Literature says Results Therefore, managerial agency should be The application of Open Systems thinking The first case (EARSS) shows that by using included in a generic Open Systems model. in empirical studies is inhibited by the an Open Systems approach a project lack of constructs that are easily achieves most of its goals, attributed to: 2.. The way to develop more specific metrics is operationalizable and measurable. 1. The flexibility in decision making to to explore causal connectedness between adjust plans and activities environment and managerial agency (e.g. Solution: create generic measurable Open 2. Managing the internal and external using constructs like Relationality and Systems constructs through studying metrics such as openness and coupling). boundaries. systemic properties like causal 3. The alignment of strategic goals with 3. Causal maps and logic models can be used as connectedness. project activities. tools to explore connectedness. Then metrics can be crafted. The second case (eTEN) shows that under a Closed System approach a project: 4. Further research into different types of Literature says . , 1. Does not have the flexibility to manage projects in order to see different variations The current application of Systems change due to the focus on controlling of this generic approach. Open Systems thinking was practiced in project thinking is performance, goal and the production process. management through minimum critical 5. Further research to understand which success problem-solving oriented in production 2. This leads to weak leadership and in- specifications and boundary management. factors can complement the Open Systems processes and interrelationships. group problems. approach. 3. Because of buffering the system and CLOSED systems control standardizing boundary management, the complexity in and out of the system project managers could not deal with Causal connectedness complexity at the user level. between policy OPEN systems adjust to complexity implementation For further information with internal mechanisms and boundary The results in Table 1 show that an Open instruments and For information on this subject, to share ideas for related project management Systems approach is more useful for projects and papers, or to request an electronic version management please contact or projects of high complexity and practices.. The full article can be Project management practice mostly uncertainty like innovation projects. obtained in the 25th anniversary issue of the Systemist. follows a Closed Systems approach Original Thinking Applied Basic construct to measure causal connectedness was Relationality