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Using and Adapting Open Textbooks

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An introduction to the using and adapting open textbooks. Presentation given to faculty at the University of Saskatchewan.

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Using and Adapting Open Textbooks

  1. 1. Using and Adapting Open Textbooks Heather M. Ross Educational Developer University of Saskatchewan August 24, 2016
  2. 2. Overview • What’s the problem? • What are open textbooks? • Why should we integrate them at USask? • What’s already happening at USask? • What are the barriers? • How do we integrate them? • Now what?
  3. 3. Problem Since 1977 Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/freshman-year/college-textbook-prices-have-risen-812- percent-1978-n399926 Rate of Inflation 308% Textbook price increases 1,041%
  4. 4. The Academic Impact • Purchase an older edition of the textbook • Delay purchasing the textbook • Never purchase the textbook
  5. 5. 63.6% Not purchase the required textbook 49.2% Take fewer courses 45.1% Not register for a specific course 33.9% Earn a poor grade 26.7% Drop a course 17.0% Fail a course In your academic career, has the cost of required textbooks caused you to: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Florida_Student_Textbook_Survey.pdf
  6. 6. What are Open Textbooks? • "Free" • Adaptable • Sharable • Instructor Written • Peer Reviewed
  7. 7. Adaptable • Minor to major changes • Combine with existing materials o Photographs o Music o Assignments o Textbooks
  8. 8. “Free” • Replace expensive commercial texts • Funding from: o Governments (SK, AB, BC) o Foundations (Hewlett, Gates) o Institutions (including “in-kind”)
  9. 9. Sharable • Students, other educators, and public • Repositories • Open websites
  10. 10. Instructor Written • Teach the topic • Frequently in teams • Students may contribute*
  11. 11. Peer Reviewed • Reviews posted openly in repositories • Anyone in discipline can review • Reviews taken into consideration for future editions
  12. 12. Why Should We Integrate • Cost savings for students • Access for learners • Customization (revise & remix) • Efficiency • Community • Reputation
  13. 13. First Adoption We Knew About • Winter 2015 • Principles of Economics (OpenStax) • Agriculture and Bioresource • 270 students • Out of the box
  14. 14. Known Adoptions at USask • College of Agriculture and Bioresource • Edwards School of Business • Department of Chemistry • Department of History* • Department of Sociology • 2015 - 2016 academic year – 900+ students = $90,000+ savings
  15. 15. Edwards School of Business • Adoption for Fall 2015 • 360 students • Adapting Study Skills (Open Textbook Library)
  16. 16. As of 2016-2017 • Adoptions – Agriculture & Bioresource, Arts & Science, ESB, Nursing, WCVM, JSGS • Approximately 1,750 students = $185,000 • Total since 2014-2015 = approx. $300,000 • Open textbooks in production o 2nd Year Biology o Engineering Economics o ESB* o 2 in Geography & Planning* o WCVM**
  17. 17. Funding • Adaptations • Ancillary Resources (test bank questions, slides, etc.)
  18. 18. Finding Resources open.usask.ca
  19. 19. Creative Commons
  20. 20. Getting Started • Find a resource – open.usask.ca • Review an open textbook • Talk with GMCTE about open resources and open pedagogy • Talk with colleagues about collaboration • Think about: o Can I use this resource as is? o What would I need to / get to change about my course? o How much change can I do to start? o Who could I work with on this?
  21. 21. Adopt • Find a resource • Ancillary resources: 1. Are there existing ancillary resources? 2. Do you need to adapt / add to existing resources? 3. Do you need to create new resources? • Let me know! • Let the bookstore know.
  22. 22. Adapt • Find a resource • Adaptation: 1. Big or small changes? 2. When? 3. Who can / should you work with? 4. What about ancillary resources? • Let me know!
  23. 23. Pressbooks
  24. 24. Open Pedagogy • Alternative to “throw away” assignments • Use OER to allow student collaboration • Students as creators / adaptors • Textbooks, Wikipedia, other OER
  25. 25. Support • GMCTE • Distance Education Unit • Library • Media Production • Bookstore
  26. 26. Now What? • What’s your need? • Let’s have a look – open.usask.ca
  27. 27. Questions and Comments heather.ross@usask.ca (306)966-5327 open.usask.ca This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

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