The ability to adapt makes it about more than just cost. A resource can be free, but not “open” because it can’t be customized to meet local needs.
Openstax College out of Rice University launched in 2012 with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.
Later that year, BCcampus launched their open textbook project with funding from the BC government.
Again, it’s not just about the cost.
Fall 2014 - Teaching and learning centre puts up a poster from BCcampus and one instructors makes first adoption after seeing it:
The first two are mostly new books, while ESB is doing an adaptation of an existing book.
Knowledge - introduced to the concept of innovation Persuasion - see the innovation as a viable option for their adoption Decision - seek out information, professional development, and other resources to begin trying to use the innovation Implementation - adopt and make “use of the innovation on a regular basis” (Rogers, 2003, p. 199). Confirmation - see the benefits resulting from their own adoption of the innovation and promote the innovation to others.
Relative advantage - is innovation at least as good as what is currently used Compatibility - does innovation fit within existing structure (in the case of open textbooks, does the resource align with the course AND instructor’s teaching philosophy / style) Complexity - is the innovation difficult to use / adopt Trialability - is it easy to try out the innovation without large consequences Observability - can the user / potential user see the benefits of the adoption
Optional - open textbook adoption / adaptations at USask Collective – a group decision Authority – a directive from someone higher up
Perceived attributes – what are the benefits? Matching appropriate content to courses (compatibility) Free and ability to localize (relative advantage) Try alongside existing resources (trialibility)
Communication - History came to our attention through a tweet during my interview on the CBC.
** Use of the open stats book in Sociology came to our attention through a meeting about the intro sociology book with the department head.
Adoptions – small usage in Geology during spring / summer term. Strong interest from a Nursing instructor who teaching anatomy.
Open textbook adoption on the Prairies: Initiative and support at one university
Open textbook adoption
on the Prairies:
Initiatives and support
at one university
Heather M. Ross & Nancy K. Turner
University of Saskatchewan
• Open textbooks
• Open textbooks at USask
• Diffusion of innovations
• Open textbook adoption through lens of diffusion
• Moving forward
The Academic Impact
• Purchase an older edition of the textbook
• Delay purchasing the textbook
• Never purchase the textbook
63.6% Not purchase the required textbook
49.2% Take fewer courses
45.1% Not register for a specific course
33.9% Earn a poor grade
26.7% Drop a course
17.0% Fail a course
In your academic career, has the cost
of required textbooks caused you to:
What are open textbooks?
• Instructor written
• Peer reviewed
Why Should We Integrate
• Cost savings for students
• Access for learners
• Customization (revise & remix)
First Adoption We Knew
• Winter 2015
• Principles of Economics (OpenStax)
• Agriculture and Bioresource
• 270 students
• Out of the box
Known Adoptions at
• College of Agriculture and Bioresource
• Edwards School of Business
• Department of Chemistry
• Department of History
• Department of Sociology
• 2015 - 2016 academic year – 900+ students = $90,000+
Adaptation / Creation
• College of Engineering –
• Department of Biology –
second year biology
• Edwards School of
Business – College
Open Textbooks &
• Perceived attributes –
what are the benefits?
o Matching appropriate content to
o Free and ability to localize
o Try alongside existing resources
• Type of innovation-
decision = optional
• Communication –
posters, media, word-of-
Open Textbooks &
• Nature of social system:
o Academic freedom
o Barriers related to tenure &
• Change agent promotion:
o Individual support
o Support resource development
• Continued education & communication
• Adaptions / creations