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Ch. 7 resp system pharm bio 120 sp2014


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Ch7 Pharm-Respiratory System

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Ch. 7 resp system pharm bio 120 sp2014

  1. 1. * By: M. Peterson Biology 120 WW10 Spring 2014
  2. 2. * Description The respiratory system and the organs in which are involved are responsible for bringing fresh air into the lungs, exchanging oxygen for carbon dioxide between the air sacs of the lungs and the blood stream, and exhaling the stale air. *
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  4. 4. * A drug may be classified by the chemical type of the active ingredient or by the way it is used to treat a particular condition. Each drug can be classified into one or more drug classes. * Antitussives are drugs that suppress coughing, possibly by reducing the activity of the cough center in the brain. T * Antitussive agents are used to relieve dry cough. *
  5. 5. *Hycodan * Hydrocodone is a narcotic cough medicine. * Homatropine is a drug that works against the narcotic to prevent an overdose of this medication. * The combination of homatropine and hydrocodone combination is used to treat cough. *
  6. 6. * * Adrenergic bronchodilators are medicines that are breathed in through the mouth to open up the bronchial tubes (air passages) of the lungs. Some of these medicines are used to treat the symptoms of asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases, while others are used to prevent the symptoms.
  7. 7. Ventolin * Ventolin (albuterol) is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs. * Ventolin HFA is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. Albuterol inhalation is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. *
  8. 8. * Inhaled corticosteroids act locally in the lungs to inhibit the inflammatory process, which causes asthma. They are potent antiinflammatory agents and effectively reduce asthma symptoms. Corticosteroids prevent asthma attacks and improve lung function. Inhaled corticosteroids may also be used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that has an asthmatic component. *
  9. 9. Flonase * Flonase (fluticasone) is a steroid nasal spray. It prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. * Flonase nasal spray is used to treat nasal symptoms such as congestion, sneezing, and runny nose caused by seasonal or year-round allergies. *
  10. 10. * Just a reminder…. Hand Hygiene is the #1 way to prevent the spread of infections. *