Lesson Twelve: The Enlightenment

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These are the ideas for amendments to the Egyptian Constitution made by the purple World History class.

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Lesson Twelve: The Enlightenment

  1. 1. Our Amendment! <ul><li>1. Part One: The State - Article 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is the religion of the state and Arabic its official language. Islam jurisprudence is the principal source of legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Each person has the right to choose religion for him/herself without the outside influence of the government. </li></ul><ul><li>3. “Christianity neither is, nor ever was a part of the common law.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1. Part One: The State - Article 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is the religion of the state and Arabic its official language. Islam jurisprudence is the principal source of legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Each person has the right to choose religion for him/herself without the outside influence of the government. </li></ul><ul><li>3. “Christianity neither is, nor ever was a part of the common law.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1. Part One: The State - Article 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Islam is the religion of the state and Arabic its official language. Islam jurisprudence is the principal source of legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Each person has the right to choose religion for him/herself without the outside influence of the government. </li></ul><ul><li>3. “Christianity neither is, nor ever was a part of the common law.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>~ Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Article 5 By Aidan Black and Gwynn Zambello The political system of the Arab Republic of Egypt is a multiparty one, within the framework of the basic elements and principles of the Egyptian society as stipulated in the Constitution (Political parties are regulated by law) The way we would change this article is by putting a spending cap on any one party as to limit the amount of power a single party can have. This way the power of one party will not be able to overcome any other party. This idea came from Mr. George Washington’s quote, “ they [ political parties ] serve to organize faction, to give it an artificial and extraordinary force; to put, in the place of the delegated will of the nation, the will of a party, often a small but artful and enterprising minority of the community” Which means that no one political party should be to powerful.
  3. 3. Article 48 <ul><li>“ In a state of emergency or in time of war a limited censorship may be imposed on the newspapers, publications and mass media in matters related to public safety or purposes of national security in accordance with the law” </li></ul><ul><li>We think that people in Egypt should have access to newspapers, publications and mass media at all times, including when in a state of emergency or in time of war </li></ul><ul><li>“ Think for yourselves and let others enjoy the privilege to do so, too.”  ~Voltaire </li></ul><ul><li>Part Three: Public Freedoms, Rights and Duties </li></ul>By: Katie Nicolaou and Meredith Clark
  4. 4. Article 77 by William Peck & Connor Russell <ul><ul><li>The term of the Presidency is six Gregorian years starting from the date of the announcement of the result of the plebiscite. The President of the Republic may be re-elected for other successive terms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our amendment to Article 77 of Egyptian Constitution is to add a limit of two terms to each Presidents rule. We believe this because Thomas Jefferson sad that Political leaders should have term limits to avoid corruption. </li></ul></ul>• “ Whenever a man has cast a longing eye on office, a rottenness begins in his conduct.” -Thomas Jefferson
  5. 5. Article 11      The State shall guarantee the proper coordination between the duties of woman towards the family and her work in the society, considering her equal with man in the fields of political, social, cultural and economic life without violation of the rules of Islamic jurisprudence. Article 11      The State shall guarantee the proper coordination between the duties of woman towards the family and her work in the society, considering her equal with man in the fields of political, social, cultural and economic life.      &quot;It is time to effect a revolution in female manners - time to restore to them their lost dignity. It is time to separate unchangeable morals from local manners.&quot; --Mary Wollstonecraft Abby Thurston and Elizabeth Towle
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ Individual freedom is a natural right and shall not be touched. Except in cases of a flagrant delicate no person may be arrested, inspected, detained or his freedom restricted...This order shall be given by the competent judge or the Public Prosecution in accordance with the provisions of the law.” </li></ul><ul><li>This should be amended because it is never specified what determines whether a person is committing an obvious crime. The decision as to if someone is showcasing a clear crime is very subjective. There are no clear rules as to what the punishments are for certain crimes. These choices are up to the “competent” judges, who are not necessarily competent in all people’s eyes. The taking of one’s rights is a very rash action, and requires extremely strict guidelines if it is to occur at all. The natural rights of a person should be maintained until he or she poses a clear threat to citizens around him or her, and there should be laws describing the circumstances under which this is acceptable. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Every punishment which does not arise from absolute necessity, says the great Montesquieu, is tyrannical.”- Beccaria </li></ul>A r t i c l e 4 1 Sara Piwowarski and Elyse Dinan

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