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Web Hosting 101 - HOW ID 2012

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Web Hosting 101 - HOW ID 2012

  1. 1. WEB HOSTING 101 A QUICK GUIDE TO DEMYSTIFY THE TECHNOLOGY OF WEB HOSTINGPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  2. 2. LET’S TALK ABOUT ACRONYMSPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  3. 3. WHY? WHY BOTHER TO LEARN THE TECHNICAL SIDE? 1. To help your clients solve problems 2. To help you work better with your tech team 3. To better understand how the web works 4. To help you deal with hostingPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  4. 4. WHO AM I? I AM PATRICK MCNEIL 1. Find me on pmcneil.com or on twitter @designmeltdown 2. I am a writer, designer, teacher and developer 3. I have worked in the web community for around 12 years now 4. I started in the IT field and my foundation in the web started with the hardware 5. I love to write books, talk about design and teach designers about the webPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  5. 5. 3 PARTS TO HOSTING A SITE TO HOST A WEBSITE YOU NEED THREE BASIC THINGS: 1. A domain name 2. DNS 3. A web host (aka a server)PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  6. 6. PART 1: DOMAIN NAMESPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  7. 7. DOMAIN NAMES A TEXT STRING USED TO IDENTIFY A WEB SERVER ON THE INTERNET Such as: 1. Google.com 2. Irs.gov 3. HOWinteractivedesign.comPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  8. 8. REGISTERING A DOMAIN MANY WAYS TO GET A DOMAIN NAME 1. Through registrars such as Name.com 2. Through all-in-one hosting services such as GoDaddy 3. Through hosted CMS systems such as SquarespacePATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  9. 9. REGISTER IT CORRECTLY!PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  10. 10. FINDING A DOMAIN OWNERPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  11. 11. WHOIS A QUERY TO THE REGISTRAR DATABASE • Domains are registered in a database, which WHOIS lets you search. • Its easy; knowing where to start is 90% of the battle. Go here: http://whois.domaintools.comPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  12. 12. Contact information 1. Registrant 2. Administrative 3. Technical 4. BillingPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  13. 13. WHOIS PRIVACY WORTH THE GAMBLE? 1. Pay to play 2. Gives registrar added control 3. New rules regulate thisPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  14. 14. TRANSFERRING DOMAINS MOVING DOMAINS BETWEEN REGISTRARS • A little work • A little money • Why?PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  15. 15. PART 2: DNSPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  16. 16. DNS STANDS FOR DOMAIN NAME SERVICESPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  17. 17. TTL TRICKS MANIPULATE TTL WHEN CHANGING HOSTSPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  18. 18. DNS IS THE GLUE THAT CONNECTS YOUR DOMAIN TO A SERVERPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  19. 19. WHAT IS A HOSTNAME HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF HOSTNAMES: 1. pmcneil.com 2. www.pmcneil.com 3. mail.pmcneil.com 4. www2.pmcneil.com 5. intranet.pmcneil.com 6. anything-i-want.pmcneil.com 7. many.sub.domains.pmcneil.comPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  20. 20. URLS STANDS FOR UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR A sample URL http://www.howinteractivedesign.com/site-of-the-day Protocol Sub domain Domain name File pathPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  21. 21. WHERE DO YOU SET UP DNS? DNS SERVERS ARE ESTABLISHED WHEN YOU REGISTER A DOMAINPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  22. 22. HOW TO MANAGE DNS YOU HAVE OPTIONS 1. You can use a dedicated service such as dyn.com 2. You can do it through your domain registrar, usually for free 3. You can do it through your web host, often automagicallyPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  23. 23. FOR EXAMPLEPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  24. 24. 3 KEY TYPES OF RECORDS THERE ARE MANY TYPES OF DNS RECORDS, BUT THESE ARE THE ONES TO KNOW: • Hostname • CNAME • MX recordPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  25. 25. HOSTNAME RECORD POINTS A HOSTNAME TO AN IP ADDRESS, ALSO KNOWN AS AN “A RECORD”PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  26. 26. CNAME RECORD POINTS A HOSTNAME TO ANOTHER HOSTNAME – AN ALIASPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  27. 27. MX RECORDS USED TO ROUTE EMAILPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  28. 28. PART 3: THE WEB HOSTPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  29. 29. WEB HOSTING A WEB HOST STORES THE DOCUMENTS THAT MAKE UP YOUR WEBSITE. How does this work? • Web servers are computers connected to the internet at all times. • Each web server (an actual computer) can host dozens, hundreds or thousands of sites. • A web host stores your site’s documents and sends them to peoples computers as they are requested. • You pay a host to store and deliver your sites files.PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  30. 30. HOSTING TYPES FOUR KEY HOSTING OPTIONS • Shared • Virtual private • Dedicated • CloudPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  31. 31. SHARED HOSTING THIS IS YOUR TYPICAL $2.99 UNLIMITED HOSTING PLAN • Least amount of control • Hundreds and even thousands of sites on a single server • Cheapest option • Slowest option • Often they offer unlimited sites • Backups are not trustworthy • Speed can be impacted by the other sites • Often the servers are extremely cheap computersPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  32. 32. VIRTUAL PRIVATE THE NEXT STEP UP, FOR A BIT MORE CASH • Your own private virtual server • Less sites per physical server • Much greater control • Backups are typically an add-on • Still impacted by the other sites • Price is based on the server you configure (memory, disk etc) • Maintenance issues!PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  33. 33. DEDICATED SERVER MOST EXPENSIVE OPTION • Your own private server • A physical computer just for you • Total control – you can install anything and host tons of sites • Backups are typically an add-on • Price is based on the server you configure (memory, disk etc) • The ultimate in power and control!PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  34. 34. CLOUD HOSTING A MIX OF BENEFITS • Almost always priced per site • Powerful, reliable and very affordable • Extremely reliable • Backups are typically an add-on • Price is based on the plan you configure (memory, disk etc)PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  35. 35. YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR NOT ALL HOSTS ARE CREATED EQUAL • Carefully consider the price point • What about backups? • Consider the business needs • What about security?PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  36. 36. HEY, WHAT ABOUT EMAIL? EMAIL HAS TO BE HOSTED AS WELL • Often bundled with web hosting (youll see it in a plan "with X email accounts") • Typically not included with dedicated servers and sometimes included with virtual servers • It can be separated from your web host • MX records route email and can point anywhere you wantPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  37. 37. ALL-IN-ONE HOSTS THESE HOSTS COMBINE ALL THESE SERVICES TO MAKE YOUR LIFE EASIER: They combine: • Domain registration • DNS • Web hosting • Email hostingPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  38. 38. HAVE A STRATEGYPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  39. 39. IT’S SIMPLE JUST SEPARATE ALL THE COMPONENTS 1. Domain registration 2. DNS 3. Email 4. Web hostingPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  40. 40. WHY? KEY BENEFITS TO SEPARATING THE COMPONENTS OF YOUR WEBSITE: 1. It lets you shop around. 2. You select components based on your needs. 3. You select providers based on their key strengths. 4. Managing many sites and domains becomes easier. 5. 5.Above all, changes are easier.PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  41. 41. MY APPROACH MY MIXED APPROACH BALANCES CONVENIENCE AND COSTS 1. Domain registration & DNS combined : name.com 2. Email: Google Apps for free email hosting 3. Web hosting: the cloud hosting service from Rackspace.com, and sometimes Media TemplePATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  42. 42. RECOMMENDED SERVICES 1. Domain registration 1. Name.com 2. DNS 1. Via name.com 3. Email 1. Google Apps (free!) - http://www.google.com/enterprise/apps/business/ 2. Rackspace Email - http://www.rackspace.com/apps/email_hosting/ 4. Web hosting 1. http://www.bluehost.com/ 2. http://mediatemple.net/ 3. http://www.rackspace.com/ 4. http://www.firehost.com/PATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  43. 43. QUESTIONS? GET IN TOUCH: MCNEILP@GMAIL.COMPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012
  44. 44. THANK YOU VIEW THIS PRESENTATION: PMCNEIL.COMPATRICK MCNEIL – HOW INTERACTIVE DESIGN 2012

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