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Writing

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Writing

  1. 1. Writing<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  2. 2. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  3. 3. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
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  16. 16. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />What does the writing skill involve?<br /> <br />An effective piece of writing requires:<br />a high degree of organisation in the development of ideas and information<br />a high degree of accuracy so there is no ambiguity of meaning<br />the use of complex grammatical devices for focus and emphasis<br />a careful choice of vocabulary, grammatical patterns, and sentence structures <br />a style which is appropriate to the subject matter and the eventual reader<br /> <br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  17. 17. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />1 to focus on new information in sentences by appropriate clause or word order<br />e.g. In spite of…, <br />It was John who killed Bert<br />Bert was killed by John<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  18. 18. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />2 to guide the reader through the message by using the appropriate logical devices, i.e. ‘signpost’ language in order to:<br /> <br />a) link the thought content of paragraphs and sentences<br />e.g. However, first of all<br /> <br />b) connect the thought content of clauses<br />e.g. Although, whether, whereas<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  19. 19. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />3 to lay out the text in a way appropriate to the text-type in order to make the message easily accessible to the reader through the use of generally accepted conventions<br />e.g. formal letter, report<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  20. 20. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />4 to organize the text in a way appropriate to the chosen purpose/function of writing<br />e.g. fairy tale<br />for v against compostion<br />Complaint letter<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  21. 21. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />5 to replicate the function of stress and intonation in oral language with<br />a) appropriate vocabulary <br />e.g. he boatsed, she said politely (describing intonation) <br /> b) specific sentence construction or word ordering <br />e.g. Had I known, <br />Not only did he…<br /> c) appropriate punctuation, particularly the use of the full stop, comma, etc<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  22. 22. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />6 to manipulate the script legibly with good spacing between words and lines<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  23. 23. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />7 to select and use consistently<br />a register appropriate to the written medium/text-type<br />e.g. vocab chosen<br /> <br />b) a style appropriate to the attitude to be conveyed and the relationship between the writer and the reader<br />e.g. formal/informal<br />apologetic<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  24. 24. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />8 to spell accurately and use capitals and hyphens, where necessary. This includes a knowledge of where to divide words, when necessary.<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  25. 25. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />9 to sequence logically the text’s message, taking into account shared information. This takes place on two levels:<br />a) the text as a ‘whole’<br />b) the paragraph<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  26. 26. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />10 to connect sentences and clauses with:<br />grammatical devices for back reference (anaphoric) and forward referencing (cataphoric), which help avoid unnecessary repetitions by either substitution or elision (i.e. omission).<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
  27. 27. Cambridge Delta Modules – Module OneWriting<br />Three Approaches:<br />Product<br />Process<br />Genre<br />www.ih-buenosaires.com<br />
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