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  1. 2. 3 x 4 = x 4 = 12
  2. 3. The Research Process Step One: Identify and Articulate the Problem Step Two: Find Information Step Three: Analyze and Evaluate Step Four: Present $ * MLA, APA Bias, Authority, Currency
  3. 4. Many students are NOT proficient at conducting research on the internet…or “mining” electronic databases (like library catalogues and magazine indexes).
  4. 5. Can you help me find information about the impact of technology on society? I used Google and typed impact of technology on society but I found way too much…I don’t know where to start!
  5. 7. Grolier Online
  6. 8. EBSCO host
  7. 9. EBSCO host Canadian Student Research Center
  8. 10. Step Two: Gather information <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ready? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wait!!! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Think about the types of sources that will have answers to your questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Construct effective search strategies. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Results?
  10. 12. I’m doing a research paper on the Crips, a youth gang in Toronto. I have to use three scholarly journal articles, published in the last two years. I can’t find ANY journal articles on the Crips! Can you help me?
  11. 13. Current research Your topic provincial CDN laws about your topic In the news… federal definitions statistical information historical, Background info Newspaper database Gov’t website E-stat – gov’t website/database book book Milestones
  12. 14. Books <ul><ul><li>Use when you need: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>easy to assess, credible information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>historical background </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>major research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>broad scope </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find them using: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>library catalogues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Borrow via inter-library loan if we don’t have a copy of what you need </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar – books </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategy: broad terms; browse </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Articles <ul><ul><li>Use when you need: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Current information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focused information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actual research reports from the experts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>opinions from experts in the field </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>News reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find using: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Library indexes and databases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google scholar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More focused terms; use the features of the database to refine document type (eg. RESEARCH, PEER-REVIEWED) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Websites <ul><ul><li>Use when you need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>( really !) current information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal opinions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Association and professional organization – mission statements, publications, philosophies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find using: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Library subject guides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Association, organization, or educational institution portals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google scholar </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Natural Language <ul><li>OK for Google </li></ul><ul><li>DOES NOT work with library databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>active learning impact student achievement secondary </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Keyword <ul><li>MUST USE when searching library databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of a keyword search: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(active learning) and (student achievement) and (secondary) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. Step Two: Gather information Ready? Set? GO!!!
  18. 23. Step Three: Analyze and Evaluate <ul><ul><li>Date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Source? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Source? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More… </li></ul></ul>
  19. 24. Step Four: Present, Use, Communicate
  20. 26. Are you prepared? <ul><ul><li>Why aren’t students information literate when they graduate from high school? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>survey </li></ul></ul>