Cooperation between Civil Society and the Government in the European Integration Process

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Cooperation between Civil Society and the Government in the European Integration Process
Prishtina, 21 October 2010
Sasho Klekovski, MCMS / MCIC

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Cooperation between Civil Society and the Government in the European Integration Process

  1. 1. Bashkëpunimi i shoqërise civile dhe Qeverisë së Maqedonisë Saradnja izmedgu GD i Vlade u Makedoniji Cooperation between CS and the Government in Macedonia Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 1 Sasho Klekovski, MCMS / MCIC Cooperation between Civil Society and the Government in the European Integration Process Prishtina, 21 October 2010
  2. 2. Content • Definitions • Parliament • Government • Municipalities • Characteristics of the cooperation • Recommendations Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 2
  3. 3. Definitions • Civil Society is “the arena – outside of the family, the state, and the market – which is created by individual and collective actions, organisations and institutions to advance shared interests” (Civicus, 2009) • Social capital is “the aggregate of the actual or potential resources which are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance or recognition” ( Pierre Bourdieu, 1986) Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 3
  4. 4. Parliament • Rules of Procedure of the Parliament - the opportunity to participate in the working bodies of the Parliament (art. 122) • 2000 - Macedonian Women's Lobby • 2003 - Interparty parliamentary lobby group for people with disabilities • 2004 - Office for contact between CSOs and Parliament • 2007 – National Council for European Integration (NCEI) Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 4
  5. 5. Parliament / NCEI • NCEI consist of 17 members, led by the opposition (art 3 & 4) – Seven MPs (three-ruling parties, four-opposition) – Chairperson of CEA and JPC EU/MK – Vice PM for EU, Cabinet of the PM – Academy, Association of municipalities and Association of journalists of Macedonia • NCEI participants (art. 5) are – Chambers of commerce and trade unions – Religious communities (five) – Civic Platform of Macedonia (one) Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 5
  6. 6. Government • 2004 - Department for Cooperation with NGOs in General Secretariat • 2007 - Strategy for Cooperation between the Government and Civil society – Public policy: Amended Rules of the Government – laws are available on the websites, representatives of CSOs are involved in working groups in several ministries) – Legal Framework: new Law on Associations and Foundations, 2010 – further liberalization, public benefit status – Sustainability: Government funding for CSO Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 6
  7. 7. Government / EU Integration • Secretariat for European affairs (SEA) • Government Committee for EU integration • National Programme for Adoption of acquis communautaire (NPAA) • Committee of heads of working groups • 35 working groups • http://www.sep.gov.mk/Default.aspx?ContentID=43 • Sector IPA monitoring committees Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 7
  8. 8. Municipalities • 52% of municipalities have appointed a person for cooperation with CSOs, • 22% have confirmed co-operation with a certain act, and • 66% provide support (MCIC, 2009) • Urban municipalities with greater capacity have a more positive approach to institutionalize cooperation: – City of Skopje - A Strategy for Cooperation with NGOs and established department for cooperation and support of associations and foundations – Municipality Karposh - Strategic Action Plan for Cooperation Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 8
  9. 9. Characteristics • Partnerships (permanent networks) with the state and the private sector (and among ourselves) is an essential element for effective civil society (CSOs) • Dislocated focus - CSOs in the past gave more attention to building social capital with (foreign) donors than with state and private sector • Emphasis on legal framework - CS focuses on the legal framework that enables cooperation -something that has already been achieved Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 9
  10. 10. Characteristics • Mutual acquaintance and recognition - the missing factor - socio-cultural constraints, the short period, the previous mentioned issues, make visible the problem of lack of mutual acquaintance and recognition • From a legal framework to mutual acquaintance and recognition • Government to see the benefits of CSO as “free outsourcing” – “crowd sourcing” • CSO to accept its own consultative status and the final responsibilities of the politicians Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 10
  11. 11. Recommendations • Agreement between the Parlament and civil society - for areas (committees) and organizations that will be involved • Council of NGOs - an advisory body to Government, related to GenSec – Dep. for cooperation with CSOs • Agreement between SEA and CS - for involvement of the civil society in the European integration • National strategy for cooperation of municipalities and CSOs • Strengthening of sectoral and national platforms and alliances - to further strengthen the credibility of CSOs Prishtinë , 21.10.2010 11

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