Overall research points prsesentation

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ENG 101 and 102

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Overall research points prsesentation

  1. 1. Everything is an Argument: Understanding Argumentation
  2. 2. <ul><li>Steps to write an Argumentation Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Take a stand </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you stand is debatable </li></ul><ul><li>Gather and Document Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with the opposition </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Begin with a broad topic or topics and begin to narrow it to a more specific topic </li></ul><ul><li>At this stage, you are freewriting or brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>From the start, consider the topic from other people’s viewpoints Be open to all angles </li></ul><ul><li>If the evidence goes against your position, you should be willing to change your thesis </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Take a Stand </li></ul><ul><li>State your position in the form of a thesis at the end of your introductory paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Your introductory paragraph should also incorporate an introduction strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>After you have written your thesis, make sure it’s debatable. </li></ul><ul><li>Arguing a point most people accept is true is useless. Does it pass the “so what” factor? </li></ul><ul><li>A good argumentation paper presents a proposition that some would object to. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Gather Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence can be fact or opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts are statements that most people agree are true and that can be verified, such as statistics. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a fact that fewer people per year were killed in automobile accidents in the 1990s than in the 1970s. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Opinions are interpretations of facts. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note: The opinions of experts are more convincing than those of individuals who have limited knowledge of an issue . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Where to locate sources: </li></ul><ul><li>JCTC library </li></ul><ul><li>Print media (i.e. library catalogue) </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposing Viewpoints database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infotrac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EbscoHost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul>Popular/ Scholarly Sources
  7. 7. Deal with the Opposition…respectfully
  8. 8. Use Effective Appeals Logos – appeal to logic with facts, data, numbers, etc. Pathos –appeal to emotion with real-life stories/examples Ethos – appeal to credibility with a paper that is error free, Well-written, etc.
  9. 9. This paper…Problem/Solution Essay See the assignment for more details

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