No need for intro here. Just go strait to next slide:
(Have students turn to a partner to discuss this question). Listen to students responses from different perspectives. Say: “We’re going to address this statement throughout class today from many angles. It is my hope that by the time you leave your discussion groups, you will have a greater understanding of the large role that schools play in maintaining and shaping society, as well as how it is influenced by society.”
Today’s topic is Sociology of Education And because the title of the class is School and Society, I have come to the conclusions that this is the most important week of the whole semester. Maybe not. That being said however, I must apologize for assigning an awful supplementary reading (Explain) during the most important week of class. That’s OK, next week’s readings will make up for this week. So…..Sociology of Education. How many of you thought this was an important topic prior to doing the readings? Sociology is a challenging discipline to grasp. However, it is simply the study of society or social groups. It examines the norms, values, and beliefs that contribute to processes among individuals, groups, and collectives. (exp) How often do you wonder why schools work the way they do? Why are some schools more successful with certain students than others? Why do teachers behave the way they do? Give me some questions that confuse you about the nature of education. The purpose of today’s class is to begin to answer some of these questions. We will provide you with frames and theories that sociologists use to understand the nature of education. It is hoped that by the time you leave your discussion groups, you will have a greater understanding of the large role that schools play in maintaining and shaping society, as well as how it is influenced by society.”
When discussing relationships/structures, ask for examples in education: Students w/students, Student/teacher, Teacher/principal Teacher/teacher, School and parents, Principal/superintendent Superintendent/commissioner of education, School/local bank School and businesses – Give example of my elementary school working with a local engineering company in the 80’s…School was created as result of sputnik – will discuss later. Culture Not necessarily race and ethnicity Norms, values, beliefs that are upheld among individuals, groups, and larger collectives. ASK FOR EXAMPLES NEA Federal Government (relating to education) Your current school (school motto – Patrick Henry-revolutionary, do-gooders, stand up for what’s right) THESE ARE ALSO VALUES THAT ARE NATIONALLY UPHELD
Positivism Eg: Production function – put in X, outcomes Y In Japan, students attend more hours of schooling, that’s why they perform high than the US on international tests. (After discussing Constructivism, give example of BVE: Teachers researching practices to best fit their needs. Teachers selecting the educational model they determined was most appropriate. Modeling teaching practices Ask students for examples of positivist and constructivist behaviors or actions that they’ve witnessed in their schools. If no one responds ( Ask about Small learning communities/PLCs Q-comp
Questions: Can anyone give an example of this? Ask if anyone has ever worked in a school where new changes were trying to be implemented but the institutional structure, or school culture was so heavily ingrained in the school that made it difficult to realize the goals. Discuss experiences from teachers in the teacher leadership class. Embedded structure/cultures (teacher power) PLCs successes and challenges
Examples: Charter Schools – MN was the first state to implement Charter schools under Governor Arnie Carlson in 1991 or 93. Open Enrollment Home schooling Public schools have multiple programs and communities within their schools during and after school. The types of courses offered in a school Curriculum varies within and across schools After school programs Quote from teacher – We’re like a 7-11, we’re open 24-7, people are always here Strong arts programs Egan high school – Building an airplane
Question: Ask for examples that they might have pulled from any of the readings or their personal experience. Did anyone include anything in their reflection that reflects norms, values, and assumptions in education. ITERATE that Norms, values, and assumptions are not just parts of processes that are carried out by individuals, they are also upheld and carried out in larger collectives.
School & Society PowerPoint - Oct 17
Sociology of Education
EDHD 5005: School and Society
October 17, 2006
Presentation by: Emanda Thomas
Do you agree with this quote? Why
or why not? How do you feel about
“The values, beliefs, and norms of a
society are internalized within children
so that they come to think and act like
other members of society…schools
socially and culturally reproduce the
existing society though the systemic
socialization of it’s youngest members.”
Why Sociology of Education is
Theories of Sociology of Education
Norms, Values, Beliefs
Lot’s of discussion in class
A Brief Introduction to
Sociology focuses on the study of
relationships between people, and the
structures they develop
Relationships/structures can include
small groups and larger collectives.
The study of sociology is embedded in
Why is it important?
“Without clear thinking, good information, and
honest assessments, education as an
institution is bound to move into the future like
a ship without a rudder, floundering,
directionless, and in danger of sinking.
Before better educational programs can be
designed, educators must know what works
and what does not. The empirical and
conceptual tools of sociology are ideally
suited to this task because they guide one
toward systematic thinking and realism about
what is actually possible.”
(Sadovnik et al., 112)
Four major theories of
Positivism vs. Constructivism
Both are perspectives/lenses
Knowledge reflects an objective external
Human beings discover and authenticate
knowledge through their personal
Education’s larger purpose is to support
social/cultural development and the
effective functioning of social structures.
Education for all is important for social
The powerful classes dominate
All education is experienced through the
knowledge that is approved for each
Formal educational structures support
the preferences of the elite.
Existing institutional structures and
norms dominate the goals, procedures
and outcomes of major social sectors,
including (especially) education.
Education’s larger purpose is to support
the status quo.
Educational institutions reflect local
values. Educational institutions are
based on local preferences and
promote variability rather than
uniformity in knowledge and
achievement. We do not.
An additional Theory from Sadovnik et al.
Emphasizes a micro understanding of
schools and society.
The processes which lead to the
How are student’s determined to be gifted
or learning disabled?
Processes carry norms, values, and
Norms, Values, Assumptions
Norms – behavior, patterns, rituals,
traditions, rules, etc.
Values – what an a person or group
stands for, defines fundamental
character, a sense of identity
Assumptions or Beliefs – What is
generally understood as truth and
agreed upon by an individual or group.
Effects of Schooling on
What contributes to effects:
Difference between schools
Curriculum, teacher quality, academics,
teacher expectations, time in school
Considering issues of class, race,
gender, special needs, etc.
Effects of Schooling on
Knowledge and attitudes that are
learned in school
Education and Mobility
Context mobility vs. sponsored mobility
Think about and discuss:
“…why do [students] study the materials
that they do? Who selects what people
teach and learn, and why? Is
knowledge value free or socially
(Sadovnik et al, 113)