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What reserach says about homework

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  1. 1. Jason McKinnon November 2009 1 HOMEWORK Best practices at Branchville School NovemberBy JasonMcKinnon 2009
  3. 3. What the Research says about homework3  As with many school-related variables that impact student learning, it is difficult to isolate a connection between student learning and homework  Too many variables…quality of homework, student motivation, family support…  However, significant correlations exist between homework and student achievement; stronger correlation in grades 7-12 than K-5 Jason McKinnon November 2009
  4. 4. What the Research says about homework4  Cooper, Robinson, and Patall (2006) found, “consistent evidence for a positive influence of homework and achievement.”  Marzano (2007b)… “…the relationship between the amount of homework students do and their achievement outcomes was found to be positive and statistically significant.” Jason McKinnon November 2009
  5. 5. What the Research says about homework5  Cooper (2001) suggests possible broad benefits of homework: 1. Long-term academic benefits such as better study habits and skills; 2. Nonacademic benefits, including greater self- efficacy, better time organization and more independent problem solving skills; 3. Greater parental appreciation of and involvement in schooling. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  6. 6. Homework BEST practices6  According to Marzano & Pickering (2007), “homework does not need to be assigned as a matter of routine,” but instead when there is a clear purpose in regard to student learning.  Make sure that students understand the homework…students should leave your classroom with no confusion about either what they are supposed to do or how to do something.  Homework should not be used to introduce new material Jason McKinnon November 2009
  7. 7. Homework BEST practices7  If your purpose behind a homework assignment is for student practice, make sure students fully understand key concepts otherwise this may serve to “habituate errors or misconceptions” (Marzano, Pickering and Pollock, 2001)  Walberg (2004) notes that teacher’s feedback to students significantly impacts student learning. Students learn more when homework is graded, commented upon or discussed in class.  Do not assume parents understand the purpose or even support homework practices at home. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  8. 8. State the purpose for homework8 For Younger Students “The reason for today’s homework is…”  So you can practice doing something you learned in school.  So I can find out if you understand what you learned today.  So you can think about and write about what you learned.  So you can tell me what you think about what you learned.  To show you something we will learn about soon.  To help you get ready to take a test or a quiz. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  9. 9. State the purpose for homework9 For Older Students  Allow you to practice something you have already learned.  Allow you to apply something you have already learned to a new situation.  Check whether you understand something you have already learned.  Allow you to analyze something you have already learned.  Allow you to pull together several things that you have already learned.  Allow you to reflect on your learning.  Introduce new information to you that we will study soon. Jason McKinnon November 2009  Help you to review for an upcoming test or quiz.
  10. 10. According to ERIC (2001) study, homework is more successful10 when:  Homework is assigned at the beginning of a class  Homework is clearly explained with modeling with directions explained orally and in writing  Students can start some homework in class and completed at home.  Homework is explicitly related to class work  Students can work together to complete  Homework is limited Jason McKinnon November 2009
  11. 11. Homework practices for11 parents…  Please assist your child in his or her efforts by establishing a predictable routine e.g. time and place  Children differ in the amount of homework support they need; a baseline of support should include:  Regularly reviewing your child’s assignment book or home work folder  Provide an appropriate work space that is quiet, well-lighted supplied with necessary materials. Supervise students that use a computer closely.  Scaffold but Jason not complete homework for children do McKinnon November 2009
  12. 12. Homework practices for12 parents… Parents are encouraged to…  Ask their child about what the child is studying in school.  Ask their child to show them any homework assignments.  Assist their child in organizing homework materials.  Help their child formulate a plan for completing homework.  Provide an appropriate space for their child to do homework. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  13. 13. Homework practices for13 parents… Parents may if you wish…  Help their child interpret assignment directions.  Proofread their child’s work, pointing out errors.  Read aloud required reading to their child.  Give practice quizzes to their child to help prepare for tests.  Help their child brainstorm ideas for papers or projects.  Praise their child for completing home work. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  14. 14. Homework practices for14 parents… Parents should not…  Attempt to teach their child concepts or skills the child is unfamiliar with.  Complete assignments for their child.  Allow their child to sacrifice sleep to complete homework. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  15. 15. Policy on requesting homework15  Parents may request missed homework when students are ill, please call the school before 10am to request missed homework  According to BOE policy, teachers are not obligated to assign homework for students when they are absent due to a family vacation Jason McKinnon November 2009
  16. 16. Homework time frames at Branchville16  Grade K-homework is not formally assigned, though reading habits should be emphasized or students may bring home tasks that are designed for parent-child participation.  Grade 1— 15 minutes of homework each night. First graders should read mostly to parents as the year progress. 10-15 minutes per week of math homework.  Grade 2— Like first grade, students should spend 15-20 minutes on homework per night; plus a reading or math activity that usually 5 minutes  Grade 3—20 to 30 minutes of homework which can include content, writing and math or long-term projects at the discretion of the teacher. Independent reading and/or study assignments may increase the amount of time needed to complete homework.  Gr. 4—30 to 45 min/night in core academic areas. Additional study assignments may increase the amount of time needed to complete homework at the discretion of the teacher. Students should also practice independent reading for 20 minutes with reading responses  Gr. 5—45-60 min/night in core academic areas. Additional study assignments may increase the amount of time needed to complete homework at the discretion of the teacher. Students should also practice independent reading for 20 minutes with reading responses Jason McKinnon November 2009
  17. 17. In summary…17  Homework should be clearly explained with clear expectations for each assignment  Should be developmentally appropriate with a clear purpose; not busy work  Limit the amount of homework to fit in independent reading time  Acknowledge homework important with feedback  Periodically solicit feedback from students and parents concerning difficulty level and complete time. Jason McKinnon November 2009
  18. 18. From our Assistant18 Superintendent…  It seems to me that the big, “power” idea is that teachers need to be very thoughtful, very purposeful about the homework they assign. Putting themselves in the learner’s seat, they should ask—how will this homework help to strengthen/deepen my understanding of the learning I received today? Homework should be directly connected with the goals of the unit and the objectives of the series of lessons to which it is connected. Jason McKinnon November 2009