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Obesity- Tipping Back the Scales of the Nation 19th April, 2017

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Obesity- Tipping Back the Scales of the Nation 19th April, 2017

  1. 1. Evidence-Based Policies to Tackle Obesity Robin Ireland Director of Research, Food Active “Tipping Back the Scales of the Nation” Manchester, 19 April 2017 Credit for slides borrowed, stolen and gracefully provided from friends and colleagues. Particular thanks to Bill Bellew, Emma Boyland and Simon Capewell. Interpretation is my own.
  2. 2. On the menu … • Our obesogenic environment • Do weight reduction classes work? • What can be done nationally? • A regional/local response • Discussion
  3. 3. Department of Psychological Sciences We live in an Obesogenic environment!
  4. 4. #HolidaysAreComing #CavitiesAreComing
  5. 5. The problem in one town in North West England – Do weight reduction programmes work? Blackpool • The total population of Blackpool is 142,568 • Of these, 74.5% of adults are overweight or obese (84,751) • In a 12-month period only 284 adults completed a weight management programme …..
  6. 6. Back to the 80s. Has anything changed? And yet we continue to ‘blame’ individuals for making ‘unhealthy choices’
  7. 7. The evidence base: Consumption of sugar in the UK
  8. 8. Sources of Sugar
  9. 9. Obesity and deprivation
  10. 10. “Health policy can be slow to emerge even when evidence is strong. The lobbying opposition to intervention can be well- rehearsed when commercial interests are at stake” -Academy of Royal Medical Colleges, 2013
  11. 11. What’s happening nationally? • Public Health England: Sugar Reduction. The evidence for action (October 2015) • HM Government: Childhood Obesity. A Plan for Action (August 2016) • HM Revenue & Customs: Soft Drinks Industry Levy (December 2016. Implementation April 2018) • Public Health England: Sugar Reduction: Achieving the 20% (March 2017)
  12. 12. But are we doing enough?
  13. 13. Food Active – a North West response • A collaborative programme launched by the North West Directors of Public Health in November 2013 to tackle increasing levels of obesity. • Focusing on population-level interventions which take steps to address the social, environmental, economic and legislative factors that affect people’s ability to change their behaviour.
  14. 14. So what are the policies that can be implemented at municipal level? • Children and adults should have access to healthy food in care settings including hospitals, schools, nurseries, residential care. • Local authorities should procure food and drink intelligently (both in-house and in public venues) • Town planning needs to encourage active travel and restrict fast food outlets wherever possible • Local authorities should consider not accepting funding associated with industries that produce food and drinks high in sugar, salt and saturated fat.
  15. 15. Local Authority Declaration on Healthy Weight • Based upon the principle of the Local Authority Declaration on Tobacco Control from ASH • Support and develop action locally on sugary drinks and/or junk food / commercial determinants • The declaration aims to support Local Government to take action to prevent excess weight and secure the health and wellbeing of residents • The declaration requires Local Government officers and politicians to support the implementation of policies that will encourage healthy weight.
  16. 16. “Adopting a ‘whole systems approach’”. Dr Arif Rajpura, March 2016
  17. 17. This whole systems approach to promoting healthy weight can be used and adapted to various settings • The ‘Blackpool Declaration’ is being evaluated with a report available in May 2017 • Other organisations such as hospitals, Registered Social Landlords and local amateur and professional sports clubs (‘Healthy Stadia’)can be encouraged to establish food and drink policies. Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust announced their own Declaration on 11 April • In London and SE England, they are developing Sugar Smart Cities and a Local Authority Declaration on Healthy Weight and Sugar Reduction
  18. 18. Give Up Loving Pop! A campaign from Food Active to highlight the health harms associated with the consumption of sugary drinks.
  19. 19. A campaign from Food Active to highlight the health harms associated with the consumption of sugary drinks.
  20. 20. Give Up Loving Pop! Developing locally driven campaigns • Briefing sheets on energy drinks, sports drinks etc. published – see www.giveuplovingpop.org.uk • Teaching materials produced for use in PSHE classes (Year 6 and Year 9) • Give Up Loving Pop challenges • Driving vending machine policies and school drinks policies
  21. 21. We have discussed … • Our obesogenic environment • Do weight reduction classes work? • What can be done nationally? • A regional/local response • Discussion
  22. 22. Thank you research@hegroup.org.uk Twitter: robinHEG

Editor's Notes

  • Donuts

    Prepared using NCMP data for 2014/15

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