EinWasereinzugsgebietimUeberblick: Man koenntevielleichtauchsagen: A watershed oder Overview of a watershed
35.000 ha landwirtschaftliche Nutzfläche durch Maßnahmen nachhaltiger Landbewirtschaftung abgedeckt = reched or covered with slm measures.
EGK 2011: Agriculture 05 GIZ SLM
German Development Cooperation in Ethiopia Focal AreaSustainable Land Management
Role of Agriculture in Ethiopia • Key sector for economic growth and long-term food security • 42.9 % share in GDP (Industry: 13.7%) • 84.4 % share in total exports • 85 % share in employement
Challenges for the Agricultural Development • High population growth rate (3.2%) • Degradation of natural resources as result of deforestation and overgrazing • Expansion of cultivation into unterraced steep slopes (>30%) • Soil loss due to rain and wind induced erosion (1.9 bn. tons of topsoil annually / 30,000 ha) • Reduction of soil fertility due to inadequate land management practices • Low agricultural productivity
Causes of land degradation Cultivation of Overgrazing Deforestation hillsides Effects of inappropriate land use practicesDegradation of Gully formation Siltation of farm land riverbeds
Strategy of the Ethiopian Government • Sustainlable Land Management program (SLMP) from the Ministry of Agriculture 177 watersheds at 10,000 ha each in 6 regions (currently covered 35 WB, 23 KfW – TC support to 56) Objectives: Reduced land degradation Improved agricultural productivity of smallholder farms
German contribution to SLMP • Technical Cooperation/TC (GIZ) Advisory services and training of specialists Development of national, regional, and local implementation capacities 17 million EUR + 11 million EUR new commitment • Financial Cooperation/FC (KfW) Financing of sustainable land management measures 13 million EUR + 10 million EUR of new commitment • Close interaction between TC and FC
GIZ support to SLM • Areas of Support: Strategy/Concept Advisory (Framework) SLM Watershed Development and Up Scaling Agricultural Extension for SLM • Personnel: 4 Seconded Experts 105 National Staff (42 Experts, 20 Admin, 43 Support) 8 Development Workers 1 Integrated Expert 1 Federal Office, 3 Regional Offices (Amhara, Oromia, Tigray)
Financial contribution of other Donors • Worldbank 20 million US $ • Finnland 12.8 million US $ • EU 8.5 Million EUR
Results achieved so far • 20,000 households apply SLM measures on private and communal land (e.g. erosion protection). • SLM measures applied on 35,000 ha of farmland. • 35,000 ha of forest are used in accordance with principles of sustainable forest management . • Multi-level approach links policy advice with direct implementation and vice versa. Increase of resilience against droughts and flooding.
Other German contributions in the sector • Climate Change Adaptation through promotion of small scale irrigation (trilateral cooperation with Israel) BMU: 1.5 million EUR; Israel: 1 million US$. • Agricultural Technical Training Center Kulumsa BMELV: 1.7 million EUR; Private sector: 0.5 million EUR
Overview of German contributions Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) Focal Area Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Total: 30.9 million € (+ 8.5 million € DELCOP EU) Food Security BMELV / BMZ BMU / MASHAV Private sector Expansion of Modernization of Sustainable Land Climate Change Agricultural Production Management Adaptation Total: 26.2 million € for 3 years Total: 2.5 million € for 3 Total: 2.2 million € for 3 years (under implementation) years there from: TC 12.9 million € FC 13.284 million € EU (Delegated Cooperation) Total: 8.5 million € for 4 years Acquisition of more financial resources through attractive SLM Portfolio