Measuring diversity in collection development


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Measuring diversity in collection development

  1. 1. Measuring Diversity in Collection Development: Strategies for the New Millennium<br />Courtney L. Young<br />Matthew P. Ciszek<br />Penn State University Libraries<br />
  2. 2. Diversity Objectives: Penn State<br /><ul><li>Reasonable representation from different minority groups
  3. 3. Representation from different countries and cultures
  4. 4. Reasonable balance of gender
  5. 5. Diversity in curriculum content
  6. 6. Climate supportive of different minority groups and cultures</li></ul>"What Do We Mean By Diversity,“ John Brighton, former Provost, Penn State, 1993.<br />
  7. 7. Diversity Defined: University Libraries<br />“The University Libraries provide The Pennsylvania State University communities with equitable access to all of its information resources and services. <br />This access is guaranteed without regard to race, ethnicity, language, age, religion or spiritual beliefs, health, gender, sexual orientation, physical capabilities, or geographic origin.”<br /><br />
  8. 8. Diversity in Collection Development<br />“Support of the University’s diversity plan by integrating concepts of diversity within collections in all disciplines and strengthening subject expertise in diversity studies. <br />Design services and resources to accommodate the various learning styles and skill levels of the diverse university community.”<br />A Framework to Foster Diversity at Penn State: University Libraries Strategic Plan 2004 – 2009 <br /><br />
  9. 9. Diversity Codes<br /><ul><li>Implemented in 1994
  10. 10. Two-letter code assigned to firm orders
  11. 11. Multiple codes could be used to reflect multiple dimensions of diversity
  12. 12. Reports generated annually to indicate how much each fund spent on diversity coded materials</li></li></ul><li>Diversity Codes continued…<br />Corresponded with minority and underrepresented groups as defined in diversity statement<br />AA – African-American<br />AG – Ageism<br />AR – Arab-American<br />AS – Asian-American<br />AD – Disabled/Physically Challenged<br />CP – General Multicultural<br />GL – GLBT<br />HA – Hispanic-American<br />JS – Jewish Studies<br />NA – Native American<br />WS – Women’s Studies<br />
  13. 13. Diversity Codes continued…<br />Pros<br /><ul><li>Provided systematic method to measure diversity
  14. 14. Easy to use
  15. 15. Minimal overhead</li></ul>Cons<br /><ul><li>Inappropriate code assignment
  16. 16. Depended on selectors to use during ordering
  17. 17. Only used for firm orders – not used for approval plan, gifts, electronic resources, etc.
  18. 18. Easy to confuse with other coding used for program or international dimension</li></li></ul><li>Diversity in Collections Task Force<br /><ul><li>Created August 17, 2007 by Associate Deans for University Park and Campus Libraries
  19. 19. Charged to “determine how the Libraries can most effectively measure the diversity of its many collections”
  20. 20. Better assessment of diversity in collections sought as part of push for improved assessment of diversity overall in Libraries
  21. 21. Report due February 1, 2008; recommendations reviewed by Collection Development Council</li></li></ul><li>Representation on the Task Force<br />Five University Libraries Faculty Members<br /><ul><li>Selectors of diversity related materials
  22. 22. Current and past members of Diversity Committee
  23. 23. New faculty member -- fresh perspective
  24. 24. Selectors from different campus locations
  25. 25. Included a mix of diverse faculty, including those from underrepresented groups</li></li></ul><li>Goals of the Task Force<br />Conduct a literature review<br /><ul><li>Reviewed collection assessment approaches from a general and diversity perspective
  26. 26. Literature specific to collection assessment for diversity was scarce
  27. 27. Much of the literature is from the mid-1990s and focused on single diversity collections</li></li></ul><li>Goals of the Task Force<br />Review quantitative and qualitative tools available internally/externally<br /><ul><li>Reviewed internal tools – Sirsi Director’s Station and Workflows Reports
  28. 28. Examined the suitability of using OCLC Collection Analysis</li></li></ul><li>Goals of the Task Force<br />Consider previous approaches<br /><ul><li>Existing diversity codes were examined
  29. 29. Negatives of using codes or a similar system outweighed the positives
  30. 30. Does not provide for passive assessment
  31. 31. Difficult to enforce equitably across a large system</li></li></ul><li>Goals of the Task Force<br />Make recommendations<br /><ul><li>Represented a mix of qualitative, quantitative, and training methods
  32. 32. Decided against a truly quantitative measure similar to diversity codes
  33. 33. Suggested diversity representation in collection development decisions</li></li></ul><li>Task Force Recommendations<br />Periodic assessment of the collection<br /><ul><li>Patron centered assessment
  34. 34. Comparative assessment to bibliographies and core subject lists
  35. 35. Quantitative assessments using:
  36. 36. Reporting tools of library automation system
  37. 37. Cataloging and acquisitions reports
  38. 38. Automated data warehouse systems</li></li></ul><li>Task Force Recommendations<br />Use OCLC Collection Analysis as an assessment tool<br /><ul><li>No categorization for diversity
  39. 39. Assessment based on “basket” of LC Call Number ranges
  40. 40. Compare collection strengths and weaknesses to:
  41. 41. All World Cat Libraries
  42. 42. All CIC (Academic Big Ten) Libraries
  43. 43. A single CIC (Academic Big Ten) Library</li></li></ul><li>Task Force Recommendations<br />Retain the Diversity Fund<br /><ul><li>Penn State has a separate fund used to purchase diversity materials across system
  44. 44. Fund is assigned a separate selector and budget
  45. 45. Fund maintains a “core” collection of diversity materials in the system</li></li></ul><li>Task Force Recommendations<br />Selector-Driven Recommendations<br /><ul><li>Annual stewardship letters drafted by selectors that outline what diversity selections were made
  46. 46. Creating a collection development statement specific to diversity
  47. 47. Creating subject guides that highlight diversity collections and electronic resources throughout system</li></li></ul><li>Task Force Recommendations<br />Training Recommendations<br /><ul><li>Diversity Collection Development Retreat
  48. 48. Develop an E-series of workshops focused on diversity
  49. 49. Adding diversity elements to the Collection Development Companion</li></li></ul><li>Questions?<br />Courtney L. Young<br />Reference Librarian and <br />Associate Professor of Women’s Studies<br />Penn State Beaver<br /><br />Matthew P. Ciszek<br />Head Librarian<br />Penn State Shenango<br /><br />