L05le

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L05le

  1. 1. Uses of 了 introduced in Lesson 5 Aspect particle了 Modal particle了
  2. 2. L. 5: Uses of 了 <ul><li>No 了 or 沒 with 是 </li></ul><ul><li>No 了 or 沒 with auxiliary verbs </li></ul><ul><li>For straight past narration, 了 not required if clear from context </li></ul><ul><li>Negative past uses no 了 but has 沒 before the first verb </li></ul>
  3. 3. L. 5: Uses of 了 <ul><li>Modal particle 了 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>end of sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasizes new state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aspect particle 了 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>after last verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasizes quantity/quality of object </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. L. 5: Uses of 了 past negative affirmative
  5. 5. L. 5: Uses of 了 past negative object irrelevant No 了 沒 before first verb affirmative
  6. 6. L. 5: Uses of 了 past object unmodified 了 end of sentence only affirmative negative
  7. 7. L. 5: Uses of 了 past object unmodified 了 end of sentence only object modified 了 after verb or end of sentence affirmative negative
  8. 8. L. 5: Uses of 了 past object unmodified 了 end of sentence only object modified 了 after verb or end of sentence object quantified 了 after last verb affirmative negative
  9. 9. L. 5: Uses of 了 past object unmodified 了 end of sentence only object modified 了 after verb or end of sentence object quantified 了 after last verb affirmative negative

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