Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1)


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Notes from the chapter on Mark's Gospel

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  • Mark's Gospel 06-7 (v. 1)

    1. 1. Mark’s Gospel <ul><li>Examination of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Author, date, audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus as preacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life of discipleship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paschal mystery </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Mark’s Gospel <ul><li>Mark’s Gospel does not reveal the identity of its author. </li></ul><ul><li>Many scholars believe that this author may be ‘John Mark’ - who was Paul’s companion and relative of Barnabas </li></ul>
    3. 3. Dating Mark <ul><li>Peter: killed in Rome in 64 A.D. by Nero </li></ul><ul><li>Another hypothesis: After Jerusalem destruction of the Temple in 70 Mark may also have been founder of church in Alexandria. </li></ul>
    4. 4. How was Mark written? <ul><li>Oral traditions , written collections of the parables, miracle stories, and other sayings of Jesus, outline of Jesus’ passion. </li></ul><ul><li>Geography is good in telling Jesus’ story: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baptism in Jordan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miracles in Galilee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journey to Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preaching, Rejection, Crucifixion, and Resurrection in Jerusalem </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Key Themes in Mark <ul><li>The Prelude (Mrk 1:1-13) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizes main themes of his gospel </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Continued <ul><li>Second Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark addresses idea of Jesus’ identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark = Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Jesus’ Baptism & Testing <ul><li>Inauguration of Jesus’ ministry: his baptism - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol of the Spirit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 Day Retreat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel to Moses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satan’s testing of Jesus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John the Baptist: Recalls Elijah to announce Christ as the Messiah: </li></ul>
    8. 8. * Reflection * <ul><li>Temptation of Jesus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Temptations are related to real and perceived needs, for example, our need for affirmation, for acceptance by our peers, for gratification of basic drives such as hunger or sex” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are 3 needs of today’s young adults? What are some corresponding temptations to these needs? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When are we most vulnerable to temptations? What can you/we do to resist them? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Mark 1:14-8:30 ; Jesus Preaches the Good News <ul><li>Who is this man? </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus “taught with authority” (1:22), some followed and others raised questions </li></ul><ul><li>People recognized Jesus as something special, as Jesus conducted miracles along with his words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( 1:27; 1:40; 2:1-12) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Miracle Form <ul><li>1. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2. Display of faith </li></ul><ul><li>3. Jesus’ response to the person in need. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Result: the person acts in response </li></ul><ul><li>5. The reaction to Jesus’ cure </li></ul>
    11. 11. Healing Miracles <ul><li>Peter’s mother-in-law </li></ul><ul><li>Leper (1:40) </li></ul><ul><li>Man with a withered hand (3:1) </li></ul><ul><li>The woman who bled for 12 years </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf Mute </li></ul><ul><li>Blind man </li></ul>
    12. 12. Exorcisms <ul><li>Man in the Synagogue in Capernaum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1:21 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raging possessed man in the Gentile territory of Gedara </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5:1 </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Nature Miracles <ul><li>Calming the storm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4:35 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Walking on water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6:45 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feeding over 4,000+ people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8:1 </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Raising People From the Dead <ul><li>Jairus’ Daughter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5:21 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of these miracles are intimately related to Jesus’ proclaation of the reign of God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take, for example, the story of Jesus curing the paralytic (2:1-12). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This miracle illustrates the miracle form: </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Miracles Continued <ul><li>Play an extremely important role in his ministry, display of his power. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mastery over creation (nature miracles), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>power over death (raising of the dead), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>power over Satan (exorcisms), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>overall proves God’s ability to cure the human condition (original sin). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salvation: Taking place through Jesus </li></ul>
    16. 17. Questions <ul><li>What is Mark trying to teach us by way of explaining the miracle stories? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you believe in miracles today? Do you see signs of God within your own life? </li></ul><ul><li>What about God’s power in the world; do you see that? How? Explain </li></ul>
    17. 18. Son of Man <ul><li>Mark’s Jesus: accepts titles of Messiah and Son of David , as it refers to the promise made to the Jews & King David </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Man = Mark’s “favorite title” for Jesus </li></ul>
    18. 19. Scriptural Background to Son of Man <ul><li>Used to show difference between the poorness and weakness of humans in relation to God’s power and supremacy: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 51:12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psalm 8:4 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 20. O.T. Connection <ul><li>Mark 13:26: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Then they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds with great power and glory” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An echo to Daniel 7:13 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refers to the Son of Man as a divine/supernatural figure </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. The Transfiguration <ul><li>Mark 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Peter, James, & John get a glimpse of Jesus’ future glory. </li></ul><ul><li>God reveals: “This is my Son, my Beloved. Listen to him.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarity to the opening of Mark’s Gospel at Jesus’ baptism. </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Transfiguration
    22. 24. The Human Jesus <ul><li>Mark: represents the most vivid portrait of the human Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>According to Mark: Jesus is a ‘warm and loving person’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looks with love on the rich young man, even though the man cannot sell all to follow him (10:21) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miracles: prove his deep compassion for those who suffer </li></ul></ul>
    23. 25. The Human Jesus <ul><li>Jesus is also angry at times: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mad when the disciples stop the children from seeing him (10:14) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the apostles fail to grasp his message [parable of the sower (4:13)] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Profession of ignorance: when discussing the end of the world (13:32) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus: curses a fig tree b/c its not bearing fruit, despite the face that it’s not the right season (11:12-14) </li></ul></ul>
    24. 26. The Human Jesus <ul><li>Mark: shows all sides of Jesus, even if its not in the “right” light </li></ul><ul><li>Even his own relatives form opinions on Jesus (3:21) - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ They set out to take charge of him; they said, ‘He is out of his mind’” </li></ul></ul>
    25. 27. Jesus: The Messiah <ul><li>No doubt: Jesus = the Messiah -- BUT, Jesus acts differently… </li></ul><ul><li>1st 1/2 of ministry: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus miracles and actions - </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus saw himself as the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Servant-Messiah (suffering-servant) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 28. Messiah <ul><li>‘ Who do people say I am?’ </li></ul><ul><li>And they told him, ‘John the Baptist, others Elijah, others again, one of the prophets.’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ But you,’ he asked them, ‘who do you say I am?’ </li></ul><ul><li>Peter spoke up and said to him, ‘You are the Christ.’ </li></ul><ul><li>And he gave them strict orders not to tell anyone about him. (8:27-30) </li></ul>
    27. 29. Continued <ul><li>Mark’s Gospel: reveals Christ’s true nature: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus is the “Suffering-Servant” prophesied by Isaiah centuries before. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is the Messiah, not with a throne, but with a cross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His path: up a rocky hill to Calvary, not a gold or marble laden floor of a palace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus: identifies even those who speak against him (including Peter) as ‘Satan’ -- one who wants to pull Jesus from his intended path </li></ul></ul>
    28. 30. The Paschal Mystery <ul><li>The Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>Our baptism initiates us into the paschal mystery; </li></ul><ul><li>The Eucharist re-enacts and celebrates it: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The paschal mystery, the heart of our faith in Jesus, is the climax of Mark’s gospel. </li></ul></ul>
    29. 31. Continued: [Mark’s Lead into the Paschal Mystery] <ul><li>Scholars: Chapters 1-13: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prelude to the story of the Passion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passion stories: thought to be the oldest in community - </li></ul><ul><li>Mark: shows abandonment of all those around him </li></ul>
    30. 32. Continued <ul><li>Jews & Romans judge Jesus “harshly” </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers and people mock him </li></ul><ul><li>“ My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” -- Jesus: God has abandoned me too </li></ul><ul><li>The centurion at end: represents all Christians; he acknowledges Jesus: “(truly, this is) the Son of God” </li></ul>
    31. 33. The final hours of Jesus <ul><li>1. Conspiracy (14:1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Woman anoints Jesus at Bethany (14:3-9) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Judas’ Betrayal (14:10-11) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Preparations for Passover Supper (14:12-16) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Last Supper (14:17-25) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Gethsamane (14:26-52) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Before the Sanhedrin (15:53-72) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Jesus and Pilate (15:1-20) </li></ul><ul><li>9. Crucifixion (15:21-47) </li></ul><ul><li>10. Resurrection (16:1-8; 9-20) </li></ul>
    32. 34. Anointing of Jesus at Bethany <ul><li>Christ [ Christos ]: “the anointed one” </li></ul><ul><li>Woman, who really has a basic understanding of Jesus and a sense of basic faith, recognizes who Jesus is. </li></ul><ul><li>She recognizes who he is, when others did not. </li></ul>
    33. 35. Preparations for Passover Supper <ul><li>Mark: References O.T. story; the end is near (death is near) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus: planning meal; he’s in control </li></ul><ul><li>His planning: represents his freedom and his interaction with humanity…he is dying on his own free will </li></ul>
    34. 36. Last Supper <ul><li>Jesus: prediction of his death; disciples are still confused </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus & disciples: celebrates final hours with Passover meal; sign of God removing people from Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Paschal Mystery: new covenant, new rescue for humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Eucharist: Jesus comes to us and reminds one another to share ourselves with others… </li></ul>