Catholicism III - Morality


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Catholicism III - Morality

  1. 1. CATHOLICISM III Morality
  2. 2. Different Kinds of Sin Fornication Anger       Impurity   Selfishness   Licentiousness   Dissension   Idolatry   Factions   Sorcery   Envy   Enmity   Drunkenness   Strife   Carousing   Jealousy
  3. 3. What has the Church taught about recently?
  4. 4. Morality’s Development in Church History 2000+ year history: developed an evolved and -  complex moral code that originated w/its meditation on on the Scriptures & application of Legal -  -  Philosophical and -  Social norms - Morality develops from questioning such things as the 10 Commandments & the message of the Prophets.
  5. 5. Continued… Thus, the development of moral theology, develops   from taking a commandment [thou shall not kill] …and raising questions to see where / when it is   applicable [what about the case of a soldier]…
  6. 6. As children… We learn strictly right from wrong…[no real sense   of personal questioning] Later in life, this tends to create a sense of “sterile   moralism and sterilization of the sense of sin.”
  7. 7.   As adults, we begin to see morality on a different scale…   We begin to see it as a way of life…
  8. 8. All people live by some code - articulated by their   culture or implicit in their lifestyle…they try to live by this in their community There is a basic framework for which people live     Theabsence of a framework: brings not freedom, but chaos and anarchy.
  9. 9. Continued… “Sins can be distinguished according to their objects,   as can every human act…”   “They can also be classed according to whether they concern God, neighbor, or oneself; they can be divided into spiritual and carnal, or again as sins in thought, word, deed, or omission…”
  10. 10. Mortal Sin: Destroys charity in the heart of man by a grave   violation of God’s law   It turns man away from God, who is his ultimate end   By preferring an inferior good to him…
  11. 11. Attacks the charity within us -- necessitates a new   initiative of God’s mercy & a conversion of heart which is normally accomplished w/in the setting of the sacrament of reconciliation…
  12. 12. What is grave matter? It’s specified by the 10 Commandments   The gravity of sins is more or less great: murder is   graver than theft.   One must also take into account who is wronged: violence against parents is in itself graver than violence against a stranger.
  13. 13. Christian Moral Life… Understand that Christianity is an “angle” as to   how to view life… It’s a basic attitude & basic way of being in the   world   Understand that, then, can lead one to understand the world around them, in accordance to Christ:   TheChristian life involves a fundamental option or choice for God in Christ.
  14. 14. To the degree that we choose to act in the world, in   conformity with that choice we come closer to acting in the world in conformity with the mind of Christ.   Not doing simply “what is right,” but living in the way Christ did/would   Throughweakness, disposition, distraction, immaturity, or malice, we may choose patterns of behavior that are not oriented toward the Gospel
  15. 15. The basic Christian standpoint… Is easier to articulate in the abstract then it is to   implement in the concrete…   When the Gospel, for example, tells us to love our enemies, to take up the cross, or to forgive seventy times seven -
  16. 16. Christian Realism - Demands that we recognize that we never fully   live the Gospel; we only incline toward it through the process of conversion   Ongoing conversion Look at the whole history of the Church: we realize   that it hasn’t always lived up to the message of the Gospels
  17. 17. Historically: It took the long time for the Church to condemn   slavery   To reject racial injustice   And to acknowledge injustices done to women in the Church…   The Church: had to undergo its own conversion process to be in closer union to the Gospel.
  18. 18. Continued… We’re not to be surprised by our failures nor too   confident of our successes, but do as St. Paul advises:   “Examine yourselves, to see whether you are holding to your faith. Test yourselves.”   [2 Corinthians 13:5]
  19. 19. The Church as Moral Teacher Declaration on Religious Freedom:     The Church states it has the right to  “give utterance to, and authoritatively teach, that truth which is Christ himself, and also to declare and confirm by her authority those principles of the moral order which have their origin in human nature itself.”
  20. 20. Where does all this morality come from? The Church We’ve learned that the Church is the “thing” that   passes along the memory of Jesus and the early Church & its Apostles.   We’ve also learned that the Church is the guardian of Scripture, specifically the Gospels, as well as the “vehicle for its transmission.”   Thus, we can say that the Church also serves as the source of moral teaching.
  21. 21. The Church is a moral teacher   It is a legitimate function of the Church   Thus, there can be no debate between this idea   and the Church’s parishioners.
  22. 22. How are we to listen to that teaching? Take into account your own experiences:     We have no reason to argue with the Church for insisting that the 10 Commandments be observed, even if, at times we do not observe them (or follow them).   Nor should we have problems with the Church proposing a way of acting to which we find a kind of natural resistance.
  23. 23. Historically… It’s difficult for a person to take up the idea of   loving one’s enemy…but, we know it’s the voice of the gospel - so we try our best.   History: There have been times when people have carried an act out b/c they didn’t see the evil within it.   [Example:] Lending money (151)
  24. 24. Parallel to today… Catholic Church: only Christian denomination to   forbid it at any and all times   Ban on contraception: reaffirmed by Pope Paul VI, 1967 - then strongly reaffirmed by Pope JP II
  25. 25. Continued Cannot find any scriptural relevance for it or early   Church teaching about it   “The ban on artificial birth control is deduced from the Catholic reflection on love, marriage, and the finality of sexuality.”   “On the positive side the Church teaches that all sexual acts in marriage must be ‘open’to the possibility of procreation; otherwise, the act of marriage is somehow defective and imperfect.”
  26. 26. Continued “When married partners have sex, according to this   teaching, they must do nothing to impede the telos of the act.”   Without the openness - the Church says - there is no way to discriminate married sexuality from, say, homosexual sexuality - which is, by nature, not procreative.
  27. 27. Continued: Sexual Morality Approximately 85% of Catholics in N. America =   do not agree with Church’s stance & a good majority of clergy disagree as well…   Andrew Greeley, a social-theologian, states that this type of disagreement compromises the “moral authority of the Church”
  28. 28. So, how can we say   the Church is a legitimate moral teacher?
  29. 29. FIRST Morality, cannot be determined by opinion polls     The85% of N. Americans who think it is moral, does not make it moral! We need to listen to the minority to make sure   all sides of the story are heard in order to make a more rational decision
  30. 30. SECOND What the Church teaches - needs to be accepted with   seriousness…   The Church may be teaching something that is contrary to the predominant culture, but it must be remembered that the Gospel has stronger counter-cultural elements in it…   What value is the church trying to transmit in this teaching and how does that value aid us in being conformed more closely to the mind & spirit of Christ?   This is the question we’re to ask with such issues
  31. 31. The Conscience After the individual person listens to the Church, and   other moral sources, then one can make his/her own conscience   Conscience is not the “little voice within your head” The Conscience is that sense we have of ourselves as   moral persons making moral decisions…   It makes us a ‘real’ person   If a person finds issue with the Church teaching, he or she (when knowledgeable) is to follow his/her own conscience rather than the teachings of the Church