City Politics
<ul><li>Well-organized  political parties that dominated local & State governments in the late 1800s </li></ul>Political M...
<ul><li>Causes </li></ul>Political Machines <ul><li>Rapid population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficient government </li>...
<ul><li>Most famous ~ Boss Tweed & Tammany Hall in NYC </li></ul>Political Machines
<ul><li>Based on exchange </li></ul>Political Machines <ul><li>Gave food & money to the poor, offered jobs & political fav...
<ul><li>Controlled by the party boss </li></ul>Political Machines <ul><li>Controlled city jobs, business licenses & inspec...
1. Party Boss controlled party 2. Ward Bosses offered jobs & favors 3.  Precinct Workers got voter support in a neighborhood
<ul><li>Election fraud </li></ul>Corruption <ul><li>To keep power, machines had to win elections </li></ul><ul><li>Padded ...
<ul><li>Graft  ~ acquiring $$$ thru illegal or dishonest methods </li></ul>Corruption <ul><li>Bribes, payoffs, & kickbacks...
<ul><li>Tweed Ring made about $200 million from kickbacks & payoffs </li></ul>Corruption <ul><li>Criticized by political c...
“ Stop them…pictures.  I don’t care so much what the papers write about me.  My constituents can’t read.  But…they can see...
The End
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Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)

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  • Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)

    1. 1. City Politics
    2. 2. <ul><li>Well-organized political parties that dominated local & State governments in the late 1800s </li></ul>Political Machines
    3. 3. <ul><li>Causes </li></ul>Political Machines <ul><li>Rapid population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficient government </li></ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Most famous ~ Boss Tweed & Tammany Hall in NYC </li></ul>Political Machines
    5. 5. <ul><li>Based on exchange </li></ul>Political Machines <ul><li>Gave food & money to the poor, offered jobs & political favors, fixed urban problems, helped immigrants adjust </li></ul><ul><li>Expected VOTES in return! </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Controlled by the party boss </li></ul>Political Machines <ul><li>Controlled city jobs, business licenses & inspections, & the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Many were immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Understood their probs. </li></ul><ul><li>Helped w/naturalization </li></ul>
    7. 7. 1. Party Boss controlled party 2. Ward Bosses offered jobs & favors 3. Precinct Workers got voter support in a neighborhood
    8. 8. <ul><li>Election fraud </li></ul>Corruption <ul><li>To keep power, machines had to win elections </li></ul><ul><li>Padded lists of voters with fake people </li></ul><ul><li>Used “repeaters” ~ people who voted numerous times </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Graft ~ acquiring $$$ thru illegal or dishonest methods </li></ul>Corruption <ul><li>Bribes, payoffs, & kickbacks were frequent </li></ul><ul><li>Police rarely interfered (they were controlled by the machine) </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Tweed Ring made about $200 million from kickbacks & payoffs </li></ul>Corruption <ul><li>Criticized by political cartoonist Thomas Nast </li></ul>
    11. 11. “ Stop them…pictures. I don’t care so much what the papers write about me. My constituents can’t read. But…they can see pictures.” ~ Boss Tweed
    12. 12. The End

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