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OSCOLA referencing UWL


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Guidance on OSCOLA referencing for UWL law students.

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OSCOLA referencing UWL

  1. 1. Introduction to Referencing OSCOLA Referencing Style Susan McGlamery Academic Support Librarian, Law 1
  2. 2. What is referencing and why should I do it? 2
  3. 3. • Acknowledge when using someone’s work • To make clear to the reader that this idea is not your own • Demonstrate breadth of reading • Support your argument and make your assignment more academic. • To allow you, your tutor and other readers to retrieve the documents cited • To avoid accusations of plagiarism What is referencing? Why should you do it? 3
  4. 4. What is plagiarism? 4
  5. 5. Plagiarism 5 “Plagiarism is presenting someone else’s work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgement.” (University of Oxford, 2015)
  6. 6. Plagiarism 6 • Using someone’s work without clear acknowledgement • Paying someone to write your essay • Collusion • Poor paraphrasing and summarising • Self Plagiarism
  7. 7. How to avoid plagiarism? 7
  8. 8. • Take effective notes • Don’t leave it to the last minute • Keep a note of the sources used • Paraphrase and summarise properly • Reference accurately Avoid Plagiarism 8
  9. 9. Paraphrasing thoughts 9 Your work flows better if you learn to put different authors’ ideas in your own words You can use some key words and phrases but the key is understanding meaning and significance Be careful not to change the odd word here or there. Direct quote if you can not paraphrase Always use a reference
  10. 10. Summarising thoughts 10 A brief statement of the main points of an article, web page, chapter or book, known as a summary Only lists the main topics or headings Most of the detailed information is left out Always use a reference
  11. 11. • Distinctive ideas • Distinctive structure or organising strategy • Information or data from a particular source • Verbatim phrase or passage • If it’s not common knowledge • Whenever in doubt, cite it! (Greetham, 2015) When to cite 11
  12. 12. Is it plagiarism if you… Yes. This is probably the most well-known form of plagiarism. When you copy the exact words from another source, you must enclose them in quotation marks and provide a reference. 1. Copy and paste a paragraph of text from a website without enclosing it in quotation marks and not referencing the source?
  13. 13. Is it plagiarism if you… No. You can include a table, diagram or image from another source as long as you provide a reference. 2. Copy a diagram or data table from a website, providing a reference for the source underneath?
  14. 14. Is it plagiarism if you… Yes - this is plagiarism. Even if you do not directly copy the author's words, you must provide a reference when you talk about their ideas. (Questions and answers taken from “Avoiding Plagiarism” tutorial produced by Cardiff University) 3. Use the ideas of another author without providing a reference, even if you write them in your own words?
  15. 15. • Oxford • Standard for • Citation of • Legal • Authorities Referencing for Law: OSCOLA 15
  16. 16. • footnote style (Harvard uses in-text citations) - consists of an in-text footnote marker and citation in footnote (on same page) • Reference List: check with your tutor • No full stops and very little punctuation OSCOLA: how does it work? 16
  17. 17. OSCOLA example 17
  18. 18. • If you make a legal proposition always give the authority on which that proposition is based. • This will normally be a primary source (a reported case or legislation). - If you have stated an opinion on the law then you might cite a secondary source (textbooks or articles). - When making a primary legal proposition do not cite a student textbook as authority. What sources can I cite? 18
  19. 19. Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884 Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13 [2008] 1 AC 884 Pre-2001 case, with no neutral citation: R v Leeds County Court, ex p Morris [1990] 1 QB 523 (QB) Pinpointing a specific page: R v Leeds County Court, ex p Morris [1990] 1 QB 523 (QB) 530-31 Citing cases 19 Party Names Neutral citation (for cases after 11/01/2001 Law reports citation
  20. 20. • Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884 UKHL = UK House of Lords (neutral citation) AC = Law Reports, Appeal Cases Guides to legal abbreviations: • Index to legal citations and abbreviations, Raistrick • Cardiff online guide: Tip: legal abbreviations 20
  21. 21. • Law Reports (AC, Ch, QB) • Weekly Law Reports (WLR) • All England Law Reports (All ER) • Specialist law reports (Lloyd’s Law Reports, Industrial Cases Reports, Criminal Appeal Reports) • Unreported cases: use the neutral citation, if available Law reports: order of authority 21 UWL PPT Guidelines - Version 2 - February 2015
  22. 22. OSCOLA: citing legislation Footnote citation not required (all information reader needs to know about source is in the text) Text does not include name of the Act or relevant section, so you must provide a footnote. 22
  23. 23. OSCOLA: primary legislation: general form Title of statute | year, | section | (subsection) (paragraph) e.g. Act of Supremacy 1558 e.g. Shipping and Trading Interests (Protection) Act 1995 e.g. Consumer Protection Act 1987, s 2 23
  24. 24. OSCOLA: secondary sources: 1. Book author, | title | (additional information, | edition, | publisher | year) e.g. Timothy Endicott, Administrative Law (OUP 2009) 16 e.g. Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (1st supp, 7th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2009) ‘pinpoint’ 24
  25. 25. OSCOLA: secondary sources Secondary sources, such book or article must also be cited in a footnote 25
  26. 26. OSCOLA: secondary sources 2. Journal articles (print) author, | ‘title’ | [year] | journal name or abbreviation | first page of article OR author, | ‘title’ | (year) | volume | journal name or abbreviation | first page of article e.g. Alison L Young, ‘In Defence of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554 e.g. J A G Griffith, ‘The Common Law and the Political Constitution’ (2001) 117 LQR 42, 64 ‘pinpoint’ 26
  27. 27. OSCOLA: secondary sources 3. Journal articles (electronic) author, | ‘title’ | [year] OR (year) | volume /issue | journal name or abbreviation | <web address> | date accessed e.g. Graham Greenleaf, ‘The global Development of Free Access to Legal Information (2010) 1(1) EJLT <> accessed 27 July 2010 27
  28. 28. OSCOLA: secondary sources 4. Website author, | ‘title’ | (additional information, | publisher | year) <web address> | date accessed e.g. Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009) <> accessed 19 November 2009 28
  29. 29. OSCOLA: guides & tutorials Subject guide: Law: Click on the tab for “Referencing” •Download online guide and quick reference guide from: • Cardiff University information Services tutorial: ‘Citing the Law’ at: • Cite Them Right • Databases A-Z, go to “C”: Cite Them Right Online 29
  30. 30. Any Questions 30
  31. 31. Don’t panic there is lots of help available: • Information on your LibGuides • Contact or book an appointment with your librarian • FAQs • Basics tab on Cite Them Right Further Help 31
  32. 32. Greetham, B. (2015) Referencing and avoiding plagiarism. Available at: referencing-and-avoiding-plagiarism/ (Accessed: 18 August 2015). Oxford University (2015) Plagiarism. Available at: ism (Accessed: 18 August 2015). References 32