Willis Parent Powerpoint


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Willis Parent Powerpoint

  1. 1. Getting to the Prefrontal CortexPREFRONTAL CORTEX
  2. 2. ReflectiveConscious Control Reactive Unconscious Responses
  3. 3. Stress State Lower reactive brain in control! Fight Flight Freeze
  4. 4. Stress State Behavior OutputsFight: DisruptiveFlight: WithdrawalFreeze: Zone out
  5. 5. 82
  6. 6. Causes of Stress in School•  Unprepared for class•  Peer relationships•  Lack of long-term goals or material doesn’tseem relevant to student’s goals• Frustration due to previous failure tounderstand or do well in the topic•  Test-taking anxiety and oral presentations
  7. 7. Repeated FailureFixed MindsetSurvival in animalsReduced effort in students!
  8. 8. For Amygdala PositiveAttitude & Growth Mindset Follow the Computer Game Model
  9. 9. The PULL of Video GamesHe’s so close to Level 10 he doesn’teven want to go out for pizza
  10. 10. Characteristics Video Gamersu  buy-in to goalu  80% of the time failureu  persevere with challengeu  use immediate feedback to improve
  11. 11. The Pull?1.  Goal buy-in2. Achievable Challenge3. Incremental ProgressAwareness (intrinsic satisfaction)The PULL Is powered by Dopamine
  12. 12. A MoodBooster &Motivator
  13. 13. Pleasure & Decreased StressCuriosityAttentionMotivation Persistence and perseverance Memory
  14. 14. BOOSTERSMovingBeing read toInteracting well with peersExperiencing humorChoiceOptimism
  15. 15. Prediction forIntrinsic SatisfactionIs your brain motivated thepotential of intrinsicsatisfaction from knowing ifa prediction it makes iscorrect?
  16. 16. Why Did You Need to Know?Accurate predictions activatedopamine release (pleasure) so thebrain:u  wants to predict for intrinsicsatisfactionu  needs to know if predictions are correctu  learns from feedback
  17. 17. Incremental ProgressChildren need to see frequentconnections between their workand their progress (to build onthe intrinsic satisfaction). Effort=Progress to Goal
  18. 18. Incremental ProgressNumber ofsuccessful Effort toattempts goal progress graph www.onlinecharttool.com TOTAL TIME PRACTICED
  19. 19. Using the game model ofachievable challenge andincremental goal progressfeedback, children are motivatedto persevere through challenges
  20. 20. GOALSo children want to learnwhat they need to learn By seeing products or possibilities…
  21. 21. Prime the Brain “Buy-in” for Learning Promote curiosity and prediction about school topics Connect with your child’s interests Family history, photos Friends who use information in interesting jobs
  22. 22. How their brains turn data into knowledge
  23. 23. Important BOM Messages fromNeuroscience for Parents Children Acting out/zoning out is brain’s adaptivestress response Neuroplasticity=PotentialGenius is more than genesPast performance does not limit future success You can change your brain’s social, emotional, and cognitive intelligence
  24. 24. Knowing Why When children understand theneuroplasticity they know the“why” for:•  doing assignments•  participation•  understanding concepts•  making mistakes!
  25. 25. NeuroplasticityStrengthening, revising, andextending of neuronalnetworks in responseactivation
  26. 26. Prefrontal cortex  More dendrites More synapsesAxon with myelin More myelin Dendrite î  é Neuron Synapse
  27. 27. + It is by neurons making connections with one another that learning can occur
  28. 28. Each time you use brainnetworks they getstronger and morepermanent
  29. 29. A congested highway is like the flow of brain traffic when there are few connections available to get to the same place.
  30. 30. Neuroplasticity: More connections move traffic more quickly
  31. 31. NeuroplasticityPRACTICEMAKESPERMANENT
  32. 32. Executive Functions:The Skill Sets for the 21st Century
  33. 33. •  To evaluate new information andmodify understanding as informationincreases and “facts” change•  Use new technology as it becomesavailable
  34. 34. To find solutions forproblems we have yet torecognize Wes Frye (Cisco Systems)
  35. 35. PrefrontalCortexThe PFC holds an executivefunction system that, whenexercised and developed,can become our brain’ssuccessful CEO.  
  36. 36. Prun Prefrontal CortexPruning and myelination from age 5-20 Prefrontal Cortex
  37. 37. Most active maturation: 5-20
  38. 38. Neural Networks of Executive FunctionCan be developed to:•  evaluate new information•  modify understanding as information increases and “facts” change•  use new technology as it becomes available
  39. 39. A trillion connectionsare made as the babyexperiences life.Experience sculptsthe brain.
  40. 40. The Executive FunctionsLet’s have the cat anddog show us whatsome are
  41. 41. Executive Functions are the Skill sets for 21st Century SuccessAnalyzePrioritizePlan goalsAssess riskAdaptOrganizeComprehend communication nuancesConsidered decision makingDelay immediate gratification REMEMBERJudgment The DogToleranceEmpathy
  42. 42. Marshmallow Test !Those participants with high levels of self-control activated the “executive function” PFC Those less able to delay gratification activatedthe more emotional lower brain regions
  43. 43. Executive Functions in Young ChildrenMore strongly associated with schoolreadiness success than IQ or entry-levelreading or math skills•  inhibitory control (resisting habits, temptations, or distractions)•  working memory (patterning experiences)•  cognitive flexibility (adjusting to change)  Blair C, and Razza RP. (2007)
  44. 44. Neural Networks of Executive FunctionCan be developed to:•  evaluate new information•  modify understanding as information increases and “facts” change•  use new technology as it becomes available
  45. 45. PFC Proper Care and Feeding•  Opportunities to practiceaccurate and logicalinterpretation of newinformation•  Develop habits of mind(critical analysis, creativeproblem solving)
  46. 46. Information Analysis CommunicationOpportunities for making andevaluating decisions (Trips andPurchases)Shared internet explorationsAsk questions and actively listen (nointerrupting, correcting , multitasking,or personal anecdotes)
  47. 47. •  Recognize the difference between fact and opinion (TV commercials, internet sites, best restaurant)•  Ask for their opinions and reasons•  Defend personal opinions with facts•  Predict arguments against theirs and prepare responses
  48. 48. Summary! •  PFC is last part of brain to mature •  Use of executive functions promotes their greater development •  Along the way use the dopamine boosters
  49. 49. Judy Willis’ Website for BrainOwner’s Manual free articles ! www.RADTeach.com