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Bible Apologetics - Fred Williams

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Evidences for the Bible

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Bible Apologetics - Fred Williams

  1. 1. EEvviiddeenncceess ooff tthhee BBiibbllee AAnndd FFrreeqquueennttllyy AAsskkeedd QQuueessttiioonnss Fred Williams B.S. Electrical Engineering 1 Peter 3:14-15
  2. 2. DDeeffeennddiinngg tthhee BBiibbllee FFrreeqquueennttllyy AAsskkeedd QQuueessttiioonnss "And do not be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled." But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear. "And do not be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled." But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear. 1 Peter 3:14-15
  3. 3. Evidences ooff tthhee BBiibbllee  AAccccuurraaccyy ooff PPrroopphheeccyy  AAddvvaanncceedd MMeeddiiccaall KKnnoowwlleeddggee  AAddvvaanncceedd SScciieennttiiffiicc KKnnoowwlleeddggee  TTeexxttuuaall IInntteeggrriittyy  HHiissttoorriiccaall AAccccuurraaccyy  AArrcchheeoollooggyy
  4. 4. AAccccuurraaccyy OOff PPrroopphheeccyy IIssaaiiaahh 4411::2233 –– TTeellll uuss wwhhaatt tthhee ffuuttuurree hhoollddss,, ssoo wwee mmaayy kknnooww tthhaatt yyoouu aarree ggooddss.. IIssaaiiaahh 4488::55 –– ““TThheerreeffoorree II ttoolldd yyoouu tthheessee tthhiinnggss lloonngg aaggoo;; bbeeffoorree tthheeyy hhaappppeenneedd II aannnnoouunncceedd tthheemm ttoo yyoouu ssoo tthhaatt yyoouu ccoouulldd nnoott ssaayy,, ''MMyy iiddoollss ddiidd tthheemm;; mmyy wwooooddeenn iimmaaggee aanndd mmeettaall ggoodd oorrddaaiinneedd tthheemm””  22000000 ffuullffiilllleedd pprroopphheecciieess iinn tthhee OOlldd TTeessttaammeenntt  333333 pprroopphheecciieess ccoonncceerrnniinngg MMeessssiiaahh
  5. 5. Other Religious PPrroopphheessiieess JJoosseepphh SSmmiitthh ((MMoorrmmoonniissmm)) -- ““MMyy uunnbboorrnn cchhiilldd sshhaallll bbee ccaalllleedd DDaavviidd,, aanndd wwiillll bbee CChhuurrcchh PPrreessiiddeenntt aanndd KKiinngg oovveerr IIssrraaeell..”” PPrroopphheeccyy ooff tthhee FFiifftthh KKaarrmmaappaa,, DDeesshhiinn SShheekkppaa ((BBuuddddhhiisstt ssccrriippttuurree)):: ““AAtt tthhaatt ttiimmee hhaappppiinneessss,, lliikkee bbeehhoollddiinngg tthhee ssuunn,, iinn tthhiiss TTiibbeett wwiillll ooccccuurr,, II tthhiinnkk””
  6. 6. FFrreedd’’ss pprroopphheeccyy 11.. MMaannyy nnaattiioonnss wwiillll ffiigghhtt aaggaaiinnsstt NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy 22.. IIrraann wwiillll aattttaacckk tthhee mmaaiinnllaanndd ppoorrttiioonn ooff NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy 33.. TThhee ddeebbrriiss ffrroomm tthhee bbuuiillddiinnggss iinn NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy wwiillll bbee tthhrroowwnn iinn tthhee wwaatteerr 44.. NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy wwiillll bbee mmaaddee ffllaatt lliikkee tthhee ttoopp ooff aa rroocckk 55.. FFiisshheerrmmeenn wwiillll sspprreeaadd tthheeiirr nneettss oovveerr tthhee hheeaapp tthhaatt wwaass oonnccee NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy 66.. NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy wwiillll nneevveerr bbee rree--bbuuiilltt 77.. NNeeww YYoorrkk CCiittyy''ss gglloorryy wwiillll nneevveerr bbee rreessttoorreedd 88.. II wwiillll bbee ccoonnssiiddeerreedd aa lluunnaattiicc
  7. 7. EEzzeekkiieell’’ss pprroopphheeccyy 11.. MMaannyy nnaattiioonnss wwiillll ffiigghhtt aaggaaiinnsstt TTyyrree Ezekiel 26:3 - thus says the Lord GOD,' Ezekiel 26:3 - thus says the Lord GOD,' Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring up many nations against you, as the sea brings up its waves. Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring up many nations against you, as the sea brings up its waves. Attackers/conquerors, from Encyclopedia Britannica – Nebuchadnezzar (573BC), Alexander the Great (332BC), Seleucids (200BC), Romans (64BC), Crusaders (1124AD), Muslim Arabs (1291AD) Attackers/conquerors, from Encyclopedia Britannica – Nebuchadnezzar (573BC), Alexander the Great (332BC), Seleucids (200BC), Romans (64BC), Crusaders (1124AD), Muslim Arabs (1291AD)
  8. 8. EEzzeekkiieell’’ss pprroopphheeccyy 22.. NNeebbuucchhaaddnneezzzzaarr wwiillll aattttaacckk tthhee mmaaiinnllaanndd ppoorrttiioonn ooff TTyyrree Ezekiel 26:7-8 I will bring against Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon… He will slay your daughters on the mainland with the sword; Ezekiel 26:7-8 I will bring against Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon… He will slay your daughters on the mainland with the sword; Encyclopedia Britannica – After a 13 year siege (585-573 BC) by Nebuchadrezzar II, Tyre made terms and acknowledged Babylonian suzerainty. Encyclopedia Britannica – After a 13 year siege (585-573 BC) by Nebuchadrezzar II, Tyre made terms and acknowledged Babylonian suzerainty.
  9. 9. EEzzeekkiieell’’ss pprroopphheeccyy 33.. TThhee ddeebbrriiss ffrroomm tthhee bbuuiillddiinnggss wwiillll bbee tthhrroowwnn iinn tthhee wwaatteerr Ezekiel 26:12 They will…throw your stones and your timbers and your debris into the water. Ezekiel 26:12 They will…throw your stones and your timbers and your debris into the water. Encyclopedia Britanicca – Alexander the Great… completely destroyed the mainland portion of the town and used its rubble to build an immense causeway (some 2,600 feet long and 600–900 feet wide) to gain access to the island section. Encyclopedia Britanicca – Alexander the Great… completely destroyed the mainland portion of the town and used its rubble to build an immense causeway (some 2,600 feet long and 600–900 feet wide) to gain access to the island section.
  10. 10. EEzzeekkiieell’’ss pprroopphheeccyy 44.. TTyyrree wwiillll bbee mmaaddee aa bbaarree rroocckk 55.. FFiisshheerrmmeenn wwiillll sspprreeaadd tthheeiirr nneettss oovveerr tthhee ssiittee Ezekiel 26:14 And I will make you a bare rock; you will be a place for the spreading of nets. Ezekiel 26:14 And I will make you a bare rock; you will be a place for the spreading of nets. ...[Tyre] never regained the place she had previously held in the world. The larger part of the site of the once great city is now bare as the top of a rock - a place where the fishermen that still frequent the spot spread their nets to dry. - Philip Myers, General History for Colleges and High Schools, 1889, pg 55 ...[Tyre] never regained the place she had previously held in the world. The larger part of the site of the once great city is now bare as the top of a rock - a place where the fishermen that still frequent the spot spread their nets to dry. - Philip Myers, General History for Colleges and High Schools, 1889, pg 55
  11. 11. EEzzeekkiieell’’ss pprroopphheeccyy 66.. TTyyrree wwiillll nnoott bbee rree--bbuuiilltt 77.. TTyyrree wwiillll nneevveerr rreettaaiinn iittss ffoorrmmeerr gglloorryy Ezekiel 26:14 - you shall never be rebuilt, for I the LORD have spoken,' says the Lord GOD. Ezekiel 26:20-21 "I shall bring terrors on you, and you will be no more; though you will be sought, you will never be found again” Ezekiel 26:14 - you shall never be rebuilt, for I the LORD have spoken,' says the Lord GOD. Ezekiel 26:20-21 "I shall bring terrors on you, and you will be no more; though you will be sought, you will never be found again” Encyclopedia Britannica – Captured and destroyed by the Muslim Mamluks in 1291, the town never recovered its former importance. Encyclopedia Britannica – Captured and destroyed by the Muslim Mamluks in 1291, the town never recovered its former importance.
  12. 12. The Port of Tyre VirtualTourist HHaarrdd ttoo bbeelliieevvee,, bbuutt iitt iiss ffrroomm tthhiiss ttrraannqquuiill ffiisshhiinngg ppoorrtt tthhaatt PPhhooeenniicciiaann TTyyrree rruulleedd tthhee MMeeddiitteerrrraanneeaann SSeeaa aarroouunndd 995500 BBCC.. AAtt tthhee ttiimmee,, TTyyrree wwaass ssttiillll aann iissllaanndd,, bbuutt ssiinnccee AAlleexxaannddeerr tthhee GGrreeaatt''ss ccoonnqquueesstt iinn 333322 BBCC,, tthhee iissllaanndd hhaass bbeeeenn aa ppeenniinnssuullaa ccoonnnneecctteedd ttoo tthhee mmaaiinnllaanndd.. NNoowwaaddaayyss,, tthhee ppoorrtt hhoossttss nnootthhiinngg bbuutt ssmmaallll wwooooddeenn ffiisshhiinngg bbooaattss,, aanndd tthhee aarreeaa aarroouunndd iitt iiss aa pplleeaassaanntt ppllaaccee ffoorr aa ssttrroollll aanndd aa mmeeaall..
  13. 13. TThhee JJeewwiisshh NNaattiioonn Deut 28:64 - "Then the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other” Deut 28:64 - "Then the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other” Noted Christian author David Hunt: “The fulfillment of hundreds of specific prophecies in the ancient and modern history of the Jewish people is God's great sign to mankind--a sign that no one can mistake or deny...Jewish history stands as a universal visible monument to God's existence” Noted Christian author David Hunt: “The fulfillment of hundreds of specific prophecies in the ancient and modern history of the Jewish people is God's great sign to mankind--a sign that no one can mistake or deny...Jewish history stands as a universal visible monument to God's existence” Ezekiel 11:16-18 “Although I have cast them far off among the Gentiles, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet I shall be a little sanctuary for them in the countries where they have gone." ' "Therefore say, 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "I will gather you from the peoples, assemble you from the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel." ' Ezekiel 11:16-18 “Although I have cast them far off among the Gentiles, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet I shall be a little sanctuary for them in the countries where they have gone." ' "Therefore say, 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "I will gather you from the peoples, assemble you from the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel." '
  14. 14. MMeessssiiaanniicc PPrroopphheecciieess  AAllll wwhhoo sseeee mmee mmoocckk mmee;; tthheeyy hhuurrll iinnssuullttss,, sshhaakkiinngg tthheeiirr hheeaaddss:: ''HHee ttrruussttss iinn tthhee LLOORRDD;; lleett tthhee LLOORRDD rreessccuuee hhiimm.. LLeett hhiimm ddeelliivveerr hhiimm,, ssiinnccee hhee ddeelliigghhttss iinn hhiimm ((PPssaallmmss 2222::77--88))  BBuutt hhee wwaass ppiieerrcceedd ffoorr oouurr ttrraannssggrreessssiioonnss,, hhee wwaass ccrruusshheedd ffoorr oouurr iinniiqquuiittiieess;; tthhee ppuunniisshhmmeenntt tthhaatt bbrroouugghhtt uuss ppeeaaccee wwaass uuppoonn hhiimm,, aanndd bbyy hhiiss wwoouunnddss wwee aarree hheeaalleedd ((IIssaaiiaahh 5533::55))  EEvveenn mmyy cclloossee ffrriieenndd,, wwhhoomm II ttrruusstteedd,, hhee wwhhoo sshhaarreedd mmyy bbrreeaadd,, hhaass lliifftteedd uupp hhiiss hheeeell aaggaaiinnsstt mmee.. ((PPssaallmmss 4411::99))  TThheeyy hhaavvee ppiieerrcceedd mmyy hhaannddss aanndd mmyy ffeeeett.. ((PPssaallmmss 2222::1166))  TThheerreeffoorree II wwiillll ggiivvee hhiimm aa ppoorrttiioonn aammoonngg tthhee ggrreeaatt,, aanndd hhee wwiillll ddiivviiddee tthhee ssppooiillss wwiitthh tthhee ssttrroonngg,, bbeeccaauussee hhee ppoouurreedd oouutt hhiiss lliiffee uunnttoo ddeeaatthh,, aanndd wwaass nnuummbbeerreedd wwiitthh tthhee ttrraannssggrreessssoorrss.. FFoorr hhee bboorree tthhee ssiinn ooff mmaannyy,, aanndd mmaaddee iinntteerrcceessssiioonn ffoorr tthhee ttrraannssggrreessssoorrss.. ((IIssaaiiaahh 5533::1122))  TThheeyy wwiillll llooookk oonn mmee,, tthhee oonnee tthheeyy hhaavvee ppiieerrcceedd,, aanndd tthheeyy wwiillll mmoouurrnn ffoorr hhiimm aass oonnee mmoouurrnnss ffoorr aann oonnllyy cchhiilldd,, aanndd ggrriieevvee bbiitttteerrllyy ffoorr hhiimm aass oonnee ggrriieevveess ffoorr aa ffiirrssttbboorrnn ssoonn.. ((ZZeecchhaarriiaahh 1122::1100))  FFoorr tthhee GGeennttiilleess sshhaallll sseeeekk hhiimm.. ((IIssaaiiaahh 1111::1100))
  15. 15. AAddvvaanncceedd MMeeddiiccaall KKnnoowwlleeddggee SSaanniittaarryy pprraaccttiicceess:: – WWaasshh iinn rruunnnniinngg wwaatteerr ((NNuummbbeerrss 1199,, 3311,, LLeevviittiiccuuss 1155)) – PPuurriiffyy iitteemmss tthhrroouugghh ffiirree ((NNuummbbeerrss 3311)) – BBuurryy hhuummaann wwaassttee oouuttssiiddee ooff ccaammpp ((DDeeuutt 2233::1122)) – BBuurrnn aanniimmaall wwaassttee ((LLeevviittiiccuuss 44::1111--1122)) – DDoonn’’tt eeaatt aanniimmaallss tthhaatt ddiieedd ooff nnaattuurraall ccaauusseess ((LLeevviittiiccuuss 77::2244))
  16. 16. LLaawwss ooff qquuaarraannttiinnee ((LLeevviittiiccuuss 1133,, 1144,, 2222,, NNuummbbeerrss 1199::2200)) Medic-Planet.com encyclopedia notes that “It was not until 1873 that leprosy could be shown to be infectious rather than hereditary.” Medic-Planet.com encyclopedia notes that “It was not until 1873 that leprosy could be shown to be infectious rather than hereditary.”
  17. 17. BBaacctteerriiaa LLeevviittiiccuuss 1133::5511--5522 IIff tthhee ppllaagguuee hhaass sspprreeaadd iinn tthhee ggaarrmmeenntt,, eeiitthheerr iinn tthhee wwaarrpp oorr iinn tthhee wwooooff,, iinn tthhee lleeaatthheerr oorr iinn aannyytthhiinngg mmaaddee ooff lleeaatthheerr,, tthhee ppllaagguuee iiss aann aaccttiivvee lleepprroossyy.. IItt iiss uunncclleeaann.. HHee sshhaallll tthheerreeffoorree bbuurrnn tthhaatt ggaarrmmeenntt iinn wwhhiicchh iiss tthhee ppllaagguuee.. Medic-Planet.com encyclopedia “[leprosy] can survive three weeks or longer outside the human body, such as in dust or on clothing” Medic-Planet.com encyclopedia “[leprosy] can survive three weeks or longer outside the human body, such as in dust or on clothing”
  18. 18. CCiirrccuummcciissiioonn aanndd bblloooodd--cclloottttiinngg (Gen 17:12, Gen 21:14, Lev 12:3, Luke 2:21) TThhee FFiirrsstt AAnnttiisseeppttiicc -- HHyyssssoopp ooiill (Numbers 19:18, Psalm 51:7) DDiieettaarryy GGuuiiddeelliinneess (Genesis 1:29; Daniel 1:12-15)
  19. 19. AAddvvaanncceedd SScciieennttiiffiicc KKnnoowwlleeddggee ““WWhheenn tthhee BBiibbllee ttoouucchheess oonn sscciieennttiiffiicc ssuubbjjeeccttss,, iitt iiss eennttiirreellyy aaccccuurraattee..”” - Dr. Donald DeYoung, Ph.D. (Physics)
  20. 20. The earth and space "It is He who sits above the circle of the earth... (Isaiah 40:22)". "It is He who sits above the circle of the earth... (Isaiah 40:22)". “He stretches out the north over empty space; he hangs the earth on nothing (Job 26:7)". “He stretches out the north over empty space; he hangs the earth on nothing (Job 26:7)".
  21. 21. VVaasstt nnuummbbeerr ooff ssttaarrss iinn tthhee uunniivveerrssee ‘As the host of heaven (stars) cannot be numbered, nor the sand of the sea measured, so will I multiply the descendants of David My servant’ (Jeremiah 33:22) ‘As the host of heaven (stars) cannot be numbered, nor the sand of the sea measured, so will I multiply the descendants of David My servant’ (Jeremiah 33:22) "Therefore from one man, ...were born as many as the stars of the sky in multitude-- innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore. (Hebrews 11:12)" "Therefore from one man, ...were born as many as the stars of the sky in multitude-- innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore. (Hebrews 11:12)"
  22. 22. JJoobb 3388::3311 ““CCaann yyoouu bbiinndd tthhee cclluusstteerr ooff tthhee PPlleeiiaaddeess,,
  23. 23. JJoobb 3388::3311 ““CCaann yyoouu bbiinndd tthhee cclluusstteerr ooff tthhee PPlleeiiaaddeess,, OOrr lloooossee tthhee bbeelltt ooff OOrriioonn??””
  24. 24. The LLaawwss ooff TThheerrmmooddyynnaammiiccss “For the heavens will vanish away like smoke, the earth will grow old like a garment... (Isaiah 51:6)” “For the heavens will vanish away like smoke, the earth will grow old like a garment... (Isaiah 51:6)” “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but You remain; and they will all grow old like a garment; (Hebrews 1:10-11)” “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands. They will perish, but You remain; and they will all grow old like a garment; (Hebrews 1:10-11)”
  25. 25. TThhee HHyyddrroollooggiicc CCyyccllee Wikipedia - Rain plays a role in the hydrologic cycle in which moisture from the oceans evaporates, condenses into drops, precipitates (falls) from the sky, and eventually returns to the ocean via rivers and streams to repeat the cycle again. Wikipedia - Rain plays a role in the hydrologic cycle in which moisture from the oceans evaporates, condenses into drops, precipitates (falls) from the sky, and eventually returns to the ocean via rivers and streams to repeat the cycle again.
  26. 26. TThhee HHyyddrroollooggiicc CCyyccllee "All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; to the place from which the rivers come, there they return again (Ecclesiastes 1:7)". "All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; to the place from which the rivers come, there they return again (Ecclesiastes 1:7)". "For He draws up drops of water, which distill as rain from the mist, which the clouds drop down and pour abundantly on man. (Job 36:27-28)” "For He draws up drops of water, which distill as rain from the mist, which the clouds drop down and pour abundantly on man. (Job 36:27-28)”
  27. 27. Migrating Sea Turtles Have Magnetic Sense for Longitude US News & World Report, Feb 2011 "The most difficult part of open-sea navigation is determining longitude or east-west position. It took human navigators centuries to figure out how to determine longitude on their long-distance voyages"
  28. 28. OOcceeaann CCuurrrreennttss “Have you entered the springs of the sea? Or have you walked in search of the depths?” (Job 38:16) “Have you entered the springs of the sea? Or have you walked in search of the depths?” (Job 38:16) You have put all things under his feet…the fish of the sea That pass through the paths of the seas. (Psalms 8:8) You have put all things under his feet…the fish of the sea That pass through the paths of the seas. (Psalms 8:8)
  29. 29. MMaann ffrroomm dduusstt Genesis 3:19 For dust you are, And to dust you shall return. Genesis 3:19 For dust you are, And to dust you shall return. Researchers at NASA's Ames Research Center confirmed that every element in man can be found in the soil, prompting one of the scientists to say “...the biblical scenario for the creation of life turns out to be not far off the mark” - Readers Digest, November 1982 Researchers at NASA's Ames Research Center confirmed that every element in man can be found in the soil, prompting one of the scientists to say “...the biblical scenario for the creation of life turns out to be not far off the mark” - Readers Digest, November 1982
  30. 30. ““NNeevveerr mmaakkee uupp yyoouurr mmiinndd aabboouutt aannyy ssiiggnniiffiiccaanntt mmaatttteerr wwiitthhoouutt ffiirrsstt ccoonnssiiddeerriinngg tthhee eevviiddeennccee..”” –– SSiimmoonn GGrreeeennlleeaaff
  31. 31. TTeexxttuuaall IInntteeggrriittyy WWoorrkk WWhheenn WWrriitttteenn EEaarrlliieesstt CCooppyy TTiimmee SSppaann NNoo.. ooff ccooppiieess CCaaeessaarr ((GGaalllliicc WWaarrss)) 110000--4444 BB..CC.. AA..DD.. 990000 11000000 yyrrss 1100 AArriissttoottllee 338844--332222 BB..CC.. AA..DD.. 11110000 11,,440000 yyrrss 4499 SSoopphhoocclleess 449966--440066 BB..CC.. AA..DD.. 11000000 11,,440000 yyrrss 119933 HHoommeerr ((IIlliiaadd)) 990000 BB..CC.. 440000 BB..CC.. 550000 yyrrss 664433 NNeeww TTeessttaammeenntt AA..DD.. 4400--110000 AA..DD.. 112255 2255 yyrrss 2244,,000000 “There is no body of ancient literature in the world which enjoys such a wealth of good textual attestation as the New Testament” - Scholar F.F. Bruce “There is no body of ancient literature in the world which enjoys such a wealth of good textual attestation as the New Testament” - Scholar F.F. Bruce
  32. 32. BBiibbllee vvss HHiissttoorriiaannss CCoommppaarriissoonn ooff 2299 kkiinnggss wwiitthh aarrcchheeoollooggiiccaall ccoorrrroobboorraattiioonn rreevveeaalleedd tthhee ffoolllloowwiinngg::  TThhee BBiibbllee pprreecciisseellyy mmaattcchheedd aarrcchheeoollooggiiccaall aarrttiiffaaccttss iinn bbootthh tthhee nnaammeess aanndd cchhrroonnoollooggiiccaall oorrddeerr ooff tthhee kkiinnggss  SSeeccuullaarr hhiissttoorriiaann rreeccoorrddss sseellddoomm mmaattcchheedd nnaammeess pprreecciisseellyy
  33. 33. BBiibbllee vvss HHiissttoorriiaannss “That the Hebrew writers should have transliterated these names with such accuracy and conformity to philological principles is a wonderful proof of their thorough care and scholarship and of their access to the original sources. That the names should have been transmitted to us through so many copyings and so many centuries in so complete a state of preservation is a phenomenon unequaled in the history of literature.” - Dr. R.D. Wilson “That the Hebrew writers should have transliterated these names with such accuracy and conformity to philological principles is a wonderful proof of their thorough care and scholarship and of their access to the original sources. That the names should have been transmitted to us through so many copyings and so many centuries in so complete a state of preservation is a phenomenon unequaled in the history of literature.” - Dr. R.D. Wilson
  34. 34. LLuukkee,, FFIIRRSSTT RRAANNKK HHIISSTTOORRIIAANN GGoovveerrnnoorrss mmeennttiioonneedd bbyy LLuukkee tthhaatt mmaannyy hhiissttoorriiaannss nneevveerr bbeelliieevvee eexxiisstteedd wweerree ccoonnffiirrmmeedd bbyy tthhee eevviiddeennccee eexxccaavvaatteedd bbyy SSiirr WWiilllliiaamm RRaammssaayy’’ss aarrcchheeoollooggiiccaall tteeaamm.. WWiitthhoouutt aa ssiinnggllee eerrrroorr,, LLuukkee wwaass aaccccuurraattee iinn nnaammiinngg 3322 ccoouunnttrriieess,, 5544 cciittiieess,, aanndd 99 iissllaannddss..
  35. 35. LLuukkee,, FFIIRRSSTT RRAANNKK HHIISSTTOORRIIAANN I began with a mind unfavorable to it...but more recently I found myself brought into contact with the Book of Acts as an authority for the topography, antiquities, and society of Asia Minor. It was gradually borne upon me that in various details the narrative showed marvelous truth…Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy...this author should be placed along with the very greatest historians. – Sir William Ramsey I began with a mind unfavorable to it...but more recently I found myself brought into contact with the Book of Acts as an authority for the topography, antiquities, and society of Asia Minor. It was gradually borne upon me that in various details the narrative showed marvelous truth…Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy...this author should be placed along with the very greatest historians. – Sir William Ramsey
  36. 36. AArrcchheeoollooggyy ““IItt mmaayy bbee cclleeaarrllyy ssttaatteedd ccaatteeggoorriiccaallllyy tthhaatt nnoo aarrcchheeoollooggiiccaall ddiissccoovveerryy hhaass eevveerr ccoonnttrroovveerrtteedd aa ssiinnggllee bbiibblliiccaall rreeffeerreennccee.. SSccoorreess ooff aarrcchheeoollooggiiccaall ffiinnddiinnggss hhaavvee bbeeeenn mmaaddee wwhhiicchh ccoonnffiirrmm iinn cclleeaarr oouuttlliinnee oorr eexxaacctt ddeettaaiill hhiissttoorriiccaall ssttaatteemmeennttss iinn tthhee BBiibbllee..”” –– NNeellssoonn GGlluueecckk
  37. 37. The BBaattttllee ooff JJeerriicchhoo Joshua 6:20-21 - So the people shouted when the priests blew the trumpets. And it happened when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat. Then the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city. Joshua 6:20-21 - So the people shouted when the priests blew the trumpets. And it happened when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat. Then the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.
  38. 38. IImmppoorrttaanntt FFaaccttss ooff HHiissttoorryy JJeessuuss lliivveedd JJeessuuss ddiieedd bbyy CCrruucciiffiixxiioonn JJeessuuss wwaass bbuurriieedd TThhee ttoommbb wwaass eemmppttyy TThhee ddiisscciipplleess bbeelliieevveedd iinn aa lliitteerraall rriisseenn JJeessuuss TThhee ddiisscciipplleess ttrraannssffoorrmmeedd ffrroomm ffrriigghhtteenneedd ddoouubbtteerrss ttoo bboolldd pprrooccllaaiimmeerrss ooff tthhee GGoossppeell
  39. 39. TThhee RReessuurrrreeccttiioonn Now if Christ is preached that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ is not risen. And if Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty. 1 Corinthians 15:12-14
  40. 40. FFrreeqquueennttllyy AAsskkeedd QQuueessttiioonnss AAnndd AAnnsswweerriinngg OObbjjeeccttiioonnss 1 Peter 3:14-15
  41. 41. SSllaavveerryy aanndd tthhee BBiibbllee Facebook, March 13, 2012: “Consult the Bible, and you will discover that the creator of the universe clearly expects us to keep slaves. …The only real restraint God counsels on the subject of slavery is that we not beat our slaves so severely that we injure their eyes or their teeth (Exodus 21). …while the abolitionists of the nineteenth century were morally right, they were on the losing side of a theological argument.” Facebook, March 13, 2012: “Consult the Bible, and you will discover that the creator of the universe clearly expects us to keep slaves. …The only real restraint God counsels on the subject of slavery is that we not beat our slaves so severely that we injure their eyes or their teeth (Exodus 21). …while the abolitionists of the nineteenth century were morally right, they were on the losing side of a theological argument.”
  42. 42. SSllaavveerryy aanndd tthhee BBiibbllee TThheerree aarree ddiiffffeerreenntt ttyyppeess ooff ““ssllaavveerryy””  BBaassiicc SSeerrvviittuuddee  IInnddeennttuurreedd SSeerrvviittuuddee  VVaassssaallaaggee  CChhaatttteell SSllaavveerryy TThheerree aarree ddiiffffeerreenntt ttyyppeess ooff ““ssllaavveerryy””  BBaassiicc SSeerrvviittuuddee  IInnddeennttuurreedd SSeerrvviittuuddee  VVaassssaallaaggee  CChhaatttteell SSllaavveerryy
  43. 43.  BBaassiicc SSeerrvviittuuddee,, AANNEE "Freedom in the ancient Near East was a relative, not an absolute state, as the ambiguity of the term for "slave" in all the region's languages illustrates. "Slave" could be used to refer to a subordinate in the social ladder. Thus the subjects of a king were called his "slaves," even though they were free citizens. The king himself, if a vassal, was the "slave" of his emperor; kings, emperors, and commoners alike were "slaves" of the gods. Even a social inferior, when addressing a social superior, referred to himself out of politeness as "your slave.“ ” ‘A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law', vol 1 pg 40. A collaborative work of twenty-two scholars "Freedom in the ancient Near East was a relative, not an absolute state, as the ambiguity of the term for "slave" in all the region's languages illustrates. "Slave" could be used to refer to a subordinate in the social ladder. Thus the subjects of a king were called his "slaves," even though they were free citizens. The king himself, if a vassal, was the "slave" of his emperor; kings, emperors, and commoners alike were "slaves" of the gods. Even a social inferior, when addressing a social superior, referred to himself out of politeness as "your slave.“ ” ‘A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law', vol 1 pg 40. A collaborative work of twenty-two scholars
  44. 44.  BBaassiicc SSeerrvviittuuddee,, BBiibbllee Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, Solomon and other kings are regularly called slaves of Yahweh (Exod 32:13; Lev 25:55; 1 Sam 3:9; Ezra 9:11, etc.). All the subjects of Israel and Judah are called slaves of their kings, including even wives, sons, and brothers of the latter (1 Sam 17:8; 29:3; 2 Sam 19:5, etc.; cf. also Gen 27:37; 32:4). Ruth refers to herself as a slave girl of her relative Boaz (Ruth 3:9). Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, Solomon and other kings are regularly called slaves of Yahweh (Exod 32:13; Lev 25:55; 1 Sam 3:9; Ezra 9:11, etc.). All the subjects of Israel and Judah are called slaves of their kings, including even wives, sons, and brothers of the latter (1 Sam 17:8; 29:3; 2 Sam 19:5, etc.; cf. also Gen 27:37; 32:4). Ruth refers to herself as a slave girl of her relative Boaz (Ruth 3:9).
  45. 45.  IInnddeennttuurreedd SSeerrvviittuuddee,, AANNEE A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law, vol 1 pg 585 - "Sales of wives, children, relatives, or oneself, due to financial duress, are a recurrent feature of the Nuzi socio-economic A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law, vol 1 pg 585 - "Sales of wives, children, relatives, or oneself, due to financial duress, are a recurrent feature of the Nuzi socio-economic scene…Poverty was the cause of these scene…Poverty was the cause of these agreements". (also see "Life in the Ancient Near East”, 3100-332 BCE, Daniel C. Snell, Yale:1997) agreements". (also see "Life in the Ancient Near East”, 3100-332 BCE, Daniel C. Snell, Yale:1997)
  46. 46.  IInnddeennttuurreedd SSeerrvviittuuddee,, tthhee BBiibbllee Lev: 25:39-41: ‘And if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, you shall not compel him to serve as a slave. As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the Year of Jubilee. And then he shall depart from you— he and his children with him—and shall return to his own family. Lev: 25:39-41: ‘And if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, you shall not compel him to serve as a slave. As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the Year of Jubilee. And then he shall depart from you— he and his children with him—and shall return to his own family. 1 Cor 7:21: Were you a slave when you were called? Don’t let it trouble you—although if you can gain your freedom, do so. 1 Cor 7:21: Were you a slave when you were called? Don’t let it trouble you—although if you can gain your freedom, do so.
  47. 47.  VVaassssaallaaggee,, AANNEE The purpose of suzerainty treaties… was to guarantee that a smaller state remained the faithful ally of the empire and did not pursue an independent foreign policy. DG Myers, ‘Glossary Of Biblical Interpretation’, Department of English, Texas A&M University, 1999 The purpose of suzerainty treaties… was to guarantee that a smaller state remained the faithful ally of the empire and did not pursue an independent foreign policy. DG Myers, ‘Glossary Of Biblical Interpretation’, Department of English, Texas A&M University, 1999
  48. 48.  VVaassssaallaaggee,, tthhee BBiibbllee Deut 20:10-11 “When you go near a city to fight against it, then proclaim an offer of peace to it. And it shall be that if they accept your offer of peace, and open to you, then all the people who are found in it shall be placed under tribute to you, and serve you.” Deut 20:10-11 “When you go near a city to fight against it, then proclaim an offer of peace to it. And it shall be that if they accept your offer of peace, and open to you, then all the people who are found in it shall be placed under tribute to you, and serve you.” sseerrvvaannttss ((mmaass)),, nnoott ""ssllaavveess"" ((eebbeedd,, aammaahh))
  49. 49.  CChhaatttteell SSllaavveerryy AANNEE OONNLLYY “… The ANE, however, did NOT have the same ‘respect’ for the face of slaves–besides eye-gouging, they resorted to branding, cutting of the ears, mutilating the nose, etc– IN THE LAW CODES! These practices are NOT in Israel’s law codes’ “… The ANE, however, did NOT have the same ‘respect’ for the face of slaves–besides eye-gouging, they resorted to branding, cutting of the ears, mutilating the nose, etc– IN THE LAW CODES! These practices are NOT in Israel’s law codes’ Glenn Miller, ‘Does God condone slavery in the Bible?’, 2005 Glenn Miller, ‘Does God condone slavery in the Bible?’, 2005
  50. 50.  CChhaatttteell SSllaavveerryy,, NNOOTT iinn tthhee BBiibbllee Chattel slavery did not exist under the Law of Moses!  Kinship rights (Exodus 21:3, 9, Leviticus 25:41, 47-49, 54)  Marriage rights (Exodus 21:4, 10-11)  Personal legal rights relating to physical protection (Exodus 21:20-21, 26-27, Leviticus 25:39-41)  Freedom of movement and access to liberty (Deut 15:1, 12; 23:15). Chattel slavery did not exist under the Law of Moses!  Kinship rights (Exodus 21:3, 9, Leviticus 25:41, 47-49, 54)  Marriage rights (Exodus 21:4, 10-11)  Personal legal rights relating to physical protection (Exodus 21:20-21, 26-27, Leviticus 25:39-41)  Freedom of movement and access to liberty (Deut 15:1, 12; 23:15).
  51. 51. SSoouutthh CCaarroolliinnaa SSllaavvee CCooddee lleeggaall--ddiiccttiioonnaarryy..ccoomm XVII. Any slave who shall be guilty of homicide of any sort, upon any white person, except by misadventure or in defence of his master or other person under whose care and government such slave shall be, shall upon conviction thereof as aforesaid, suffer death XVII. Any slave who shall be guilty of homicide of any sort, upon any white person, except by misadventure or in defence of his master or other person under whose care and government such slave shall be, shall upon conviction thereof as aforesaid, suffer death XXXVII. …Be it enacted, That if any person or persons whosoever, shall willfully murder his own slave, or the slave of another person, every such person shall upon conviction thereof, forfeit and pay the sum of £700 current money … And if any person shall on a sudden heat of passion… kill his own slave or the slave of any person, he shall forfeit the sum of £350 current money. XXXVII. …Be it enacted, That if any person or persons whosoever, shall willfully murder his own slave, or the slave of another person, every such person shall upon conviction thereof, forfeit and pay the sum of £700 current money … And if any person shall on a sudden heat of passion… kill his own slave or the slave of any person, he shall forfeit the sum of £350 current money.
  52. 52. SSoouutthh CCaarroolliinnaa SSllaavvee CCooddee lleeggaall--ddiiccttiioonnaarryy..ccoomm XXXVII. … And in case any person or persons shall willfully cut out the tongue, put out the eye, castrate or cruelly scald, burn, or deprive any slave of any limb or member, or shall inflict any other cruel punishment, other than by whipping or beating with a horsewhip, cow-skin, switch or small stick, or by putting irons on, or confining or imprisoning such slave; every such person shall for every such offence, forfeit the sum of £100 current money. XXXVII. … And in case any person or persons shall willfully cut out the tongue, put out the eye, castrate or cruelly scald, burn, or deprive any slave of any limb or member, or shall inflict any other cruel punishment, other than by whipping or beating with a horsewhip, cow-skin, switch or small stick, or by putting irons on, or confining or imprisoning such slave; every such person shall for every such offence, forfeit the sum of £100 current money.
  53. 53. SSeeccoonndd ffuuggiittiivvee ssllaavvee llaaww ooff 11885500
  54. 54.  CChhaatttteell SSllaavveerryy vvss tthhee BBiibbllee The Code of Hammurabi, 16. If any one receive into his house a runaway male or female slave of the court, or of a freedman, and does not bring it out at the public proclamation of the major domus, the master of the house shall be put to death. The Code of Hammurabi, 16. If any one receive into his house a runaway male or female slave of the court, or of a freedman, and does not bring it out at the public proclamation of the major domus, the master of the house shall be put to death. Deut 23:15-16: You shall not give back to his master the slave who has escaped from his master to you. He may dwell with you in your midst, in the place which he chooses within one of your gates, where it seems best to him; you shall not oppress him. Deut 23:15-16: You shall not give back to his master the slave who has escaped from his master to you. He may dwell with you in your midst, in the place which he chooses within one of your gates, where it seems best to him; you shall not oppress him.
  55. 55.  CChhaatttteell SSllaavveerryy vvss tthhee BBiibbllee The Code of Hammurabi, 116. If the prisoner die in prison from blows or maltreatment, the master of the prisoner shall convict the merchant before the judge. If he was a free-born man, the son of the merchant shall be put to death; if it was a slave, he shall pay one-third of a mina of gold, and all that the master of the prisoner gave he shall forfeit. The Code of Hammurabi, 116. If the prisoner die in prison from blows or maltreatment, the master of the prisoner shall convict the merchant before the judge. If he was a free-born man, the son of the merchant shall be put to death; if it was a slave, he shall pay one-third of a mina of gold, and all that the master of the prisoner gave he shall forfeit. Exodus 21:16 Whoever kidnaps someone and sells him, or is caught still holding him, must surely be put to death. Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man is found kidnapping a person from among his fellow Israelites, and regards him as mere property and sells him, that kidnapper must die. Exodus 21:16 Whoever kidnaps someone and sells him, or is caught still holding him, must surely be put to death. Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man is found kidnapping a person from among his fellow Israelites, and regards him as mere property and sells him, that kidnapper must die.
  56. 56. FFaacceebbooookk,, MMaarrcchh 1133,, 22001122:: Me: “…everyone agrees the type of slavery that occurred in America was wrong, and as I have showed in both posts, was squarely against Biblical principles. ” Skeptic: “Rubbish -- you have not showed any such thing”. FFaacceebbooookk,, MMaarrcchh 1133,, 22001122:: Me: “…everyone agrees the type of slavery that occurred in America was wrong, and as I have showed in both posts, was squarely against Biblical principles. ” Skeptic: “Rubbish -- you have not showed any such thing”.
  57. 57. WWhheerree ddiidd CCaaiinn ggeett hhiiss wwiiffee ?? GGeenn 55::44--55 AAfftteerr SSeetthh wwaass bboorrnn,, AAddaamm lliivveedd 880000 yyeeaarrss aanndd hhaadd ootthheerr ssoonnss aanndd ddaauugghhtteerrss..
  58. 58. Are GGeenneessiiss 11 && 22 ccoonnttrraaddiiccttoorryy ?? GGeenn 22::1188--2200,, NNKKJJVV AAnndd tthhee LLOORRDD GGoodd ssaaiidd,, ""IItt iiss nnoott ggoooodd tthhaatt mmaann sshhoouulldd bbee aalloonnee;; II wwiillll mmaakkee hhiimm aa hheellppeerr ccoommppaarraabbllee ttoo hhiimm.."" OOuutt ooff tthhee ggrroouunndd tthhee LLOORRDD GGoodd ffoorrmmeedd eevveerryy bbeeaasstt ooff tthhee ffiieelldd aanndd eevveerryy bbiirrdd ooff tthhee aaiirr,, aanndd bbrroouugghhtt tthheemm ttoo AAddaamm ttoo sseeee wwhhaatt hhee wwoouulldd ccaallll tthheemm.. NNIIVV:: ‘‘HHaadd ffoorrmmeedd’’ ((pplluuppeerrffeecctt,, oorr ppaasstt ppeerrffeecctt tteennssee))
  59. 59. WWhhaatt aabboouutt GGoodd kkiilllliinngg iinnnnoocceenntt cchhiillddrreenn?? 11 SSaamm 1155::11--33 NNooww ggoo aanndd aattttaacckk AAmmaalleekk,, aanndd uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyy aallll tthhaatt tthheeyy hhaavvee,, aanndd ddoo nnoott ssppaarree tthheemm.. BBuutt kkiillll bbootthh mmaann aanndd wwoommaann,, iinnffaanntt aanndd nnuurrssiinngg cchhiilldd,, ooxx aanndd sshheeeepp,, ccaammeell aanndd ddoonnkkeeyy..’’
  60. 60. GGoodd ffoorreettoolldd tthhaatt HHee wwoouulldd wwiippee oouutt tthhee AAmmaalleekkiitteess:: EExx 1177::1144 TThheenn tthhee LLOORRDD ssaaiidd ttoo MMoosseess,, ""WWrriittee tthhiiss ffoorr aa mmeemmoorriiaall iinn tthhee bbooookk aanndd rreeccoouunntt iitt iinn tthhee hheeaarriinngg ooff JJoosshhuuaa,, tthhaatt II wwiillll uutttteerrllyy bblloott oouutt tthhee rreemmeemmbbrraannccee ooff AAmmaalleekk ffrroomm uunnddeerr hheeaavveenn.."" SSaauull wwaass ttoo bbee hhiiss iinnssttrruummeenntt ooff jjuuddggmmeenntt:: 11 SSaamm 1155::11--33 NNooww tthheerreeffoorree,, hheeeedd tthhee vvooiiccee ooff tthhee wwoorrddss ooff tthhee LLOORRDD.. TThhuuss ssaayyss tthhee LLOORRDD ooff hhoossttss:: ‘‘II wwiillll ppuunniisshh AAmmaalleekk ffoorr wwhhaatt hhee ddiidd ttoo IIssrraaeell,, hhooww hhee aammbbuusshheedd hhiimm oonn tthhee wwaayy wwhheenn hhee ccaammee uupp ffrroomm EEggyypptt.. NNooww ggoo aanndd aattttaacckk AAmmaalleekk,, aanndd uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyy aallll tthhaatt tthheeyy hhaavvee,, aanndd ddoo nnoott ssppaarree tthheemm.. BBuutt kkiillll bbootthh mmaann aanndd wwoommaann,, iinnffaanntt aanndd nnuurrssiinngg cchhiilldd,, ooxx aanndd sshheeeepp,, ccaammeell aanndd ddoonnkkeeyy..’’
  61. 61. SSaauull ffaaiillss ttoo ccoommpplleetteellyy ffoollllooww GGoodd’’ss ccoommmmaanndd:: 1 Sam 15:9 But Saul and the people ssppaarreedd AAggaagg [[tthhee kkiinngg]] aanndd tthhee bbeesstt ooff tthhee sshheeeepp,, tthhee ooxxeenn,, tthhee ffaattlliinnggss,, tthhee llaammbbss,, aanndd aallll tthhaatt wwaass ggoooodd,, aanndd wweerree uunnwwiilllliinngg ttoo uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyy tthheemm.. BBuutt eevveerryytthhiinngg ddeessppiisseedd aanndd wwoorrtthhlleessss,, tthhaatt tthheeyy uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyyeedd.. 11 SSaamm 2288::1188 BBeeccaauussee yyoouu ddiidd nnoott oobbeeyy tthhee vvooiiccee ooff tthhee LLOORRDD nnoorr eexxeeccuuttee HHiiss ffiieerrccee wwrraatthh uuppoonn AAmmaalleekk,, tthheerreeffoorree tthhee LLOORRDD hhaass ddoonnee tthhiiss tthhiinngg ttoo yyoouu tthhiiss ddaayy..
  62. 62. FFrroomm nnootteedd aappoollooggiisstt NNoorrmmaann GGeeiisslleerr:: “The destruction of their nation was necessitated by the gravity of their sin. Had some hardcore remnant survived, they might have resumed their aggression against the Israelites and God’s plan…they wanted to wipe out every last one of the Israelites off the face of the earth” - as quoted in Lee Strobel’s The Case for Faith BBuutt tthheerree wwaass aa ssuurrvviivviinngg rreemmnnaanntt!! 22 SSaamm 11::1133--1144 TThheenn DDaavviidd ssaaiidd ttoo tthhee yyoouunngg mmaann wwhhoo ttoolldd hhiimm,, ""WWhheerree aarree yyoouu ffrroomm??"" AAnndd hhee aannsswweerreedd,, ""II aamm tthhee ssoonn ooff aann aalliieenn,, aann AAmmaalleekkiittee.."" SSoo DDaavviidd ssaaiidd ttoo hhiimm,, ""HHooww wwaass iitt yyoouu wweerree nnoott aaffrraaiidd ttoo ppuutt ffoorrtthh yyoouurr hhaanndd ttoo ddeessttrrooyy tthhee LLOORRDD''ss aannooiinntteedd??""
  63. 63. TThhee pplloott tthhiicckkeennss…… 11 SSaamm 1155::88--99 HHee aallssoo ttooookk AAggaagg kkiinngg ooff tthhee AAmmaalleekkiitteess aalliivvee,, aanndd uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyyeedd aallll tthhee ppeeooppllee wwiitthh tthhee eeddggee ooff tthhee sswwoorrdd.. BBuutt SSaauull aanndd tthhee ppeeooppllee ssppaarreedd AAggaagg aanndd tthhee bbeesstt ooff tthhee sshheeeepp,, tthhee ooxxeenn,, tthhee ffaattlliinnggss,, tthhee llaammbbss,, aanndd aallll tthhaatt wwaass ggoooodd,, aanndd wweerree uunnwwiilllliinngg ttoo uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyy tthheemm.. BBuutt eevveerryytthhiinngg ddeessppiisseedd aanndd wwoorrtthhlleessss,, tthhaatt tthheeyy uutttteerrllyy ddeessttrrooyyeedd..
  64. 64. Frroomm tthhee BBooookk ooff EEsstthheerr:: EEsstthheerr 99::2244 BBeeccaauussee HHaammaann,, tthhee ssoonn ooff HHaammmmeeddaatthhaa the Agagite,, tthhee eenneemmyy ooff aallll tthhee JJeewwss,, hhaadd ppllootttteedd aaggaaiinnsstt tthhee JJeewwss ttoo aannnniihhiillaattee tthheemm,, ……
  65. 65. DDoo rraabbbbiittss cchheeww tthheeiirr ccuudd ?? LLeevv 1111::66--77 ……tthhee hhaarree,, bbeeccaauussee iitt cchheewwss tthhee ccuudd bbuutt ddooeess nnoott hhaavvee cclloovveenn hhoooovveess,, iiss uunncclleeaann ttoo yyoouu;; ‘‘rraaiissiinngg uupp wwhhaatt hhaass bbeeeenn sswwaalllloowweedd’’ HHaarreess pprraaccttiiccee rreefflleeccttiioonn,, wwhhiicchh iiss eesssseennttiiaallllyy tthhee ssaammee pprriinncciippllee ooff rruummiinnaanntt ddiiggeessttiioonn
  66. 66. WWhhaatt aabboouutt PPii iinn tthhee BBiibbllee ?? qqaavveehh 11 KKiinnggss 77::2233 AAnndd hhee mmaaddee tthhee SSeeaa ooff ccaasstt bbrroonnzzee,, tteenn ccuubbiittss ffrroomm oonnee bbrriimm ttoo tthhee ootthheerr;; iitt wwaass ccoommpplleetteellyy rroouunndd.. IIttss hheeiigghhtt wwaass ffiivvee ccuubbiittss,, aanndd aa lliinnee ooff tthhiirrttyy ccuubbiittss mmeeaassuurreedd iittss cciirrccuummffeerreennccee.. NNoorrmmaall vvaarriiaattiioonn ‘‘qqaavv’’ wwaass wwrriitttteenn iinn tthhee mmaarrggiinn.. TThhiiss wwaass ccoonnssiiddeerreedd aa ‘‘rreemmeezz’’,, oorr hhiinntt ooff ssoommeetthhiinngg ddeeeeppeerr.. qqaavv nnuummeerriiccaall vvaalluuee == 110066 qqaavveehh nnuummeerriiccaall vvaalluuee == 111111 AAddjjuussttiinngg bbyy rraattiioo 111111//110066 ggiivveess cciirrccuummffeerreennccee wwiitthhiinn 1155 tthhoouussaannddtthhss ooff aann iinncchh!!
  67. 67. HHooww ddiidd KKaannggaarrooooss ggeett ttoo AAuussttrraalliiaa ??
  68. 68. WWhhyy iiss TThheerree EEvviill iinn tthhee WWoorrlldd??
  69. 69. AAnndd GGoodd ssaaww eevveerryy tthhiinngg tthhaatt hhee hhaadd mmaaddee,, aanndd,, bbeehhoolldd,, iitt wwaass vveerryy ggoooodd.. AAnndd tthhee eevveenniinngg aanndd tthhee mmoorrnniinngg wweerree tthhee ssiixxtthh ddaayy.. Genesis 1:31
  70. 70. And tthhee LLOORRDD GGoodd ccoommmmaannddeedd tthhee mmaann,, ssaayyiinngg,, ""OOff eevveerryy ttrreeee ooff tthhee ggaarrddeenn yyoouu mmaayy ffrreeeellyy eeaatt;; bbuutt ooff tthhee ttrreeee ooff tthhee kknnoowwlleeddggee ooff ggoooodd aanndd eevviill yyoouu sshhaallll nnoott eeaatt,, ffoorr iinn tthhee ddaayy tthhaatt yyoouu eeaatt ooff iitt yyoouu sshhaallll ssuurreellyy ddiiee.. Genesis 2:16-17
  71. 71. Just as through oonnee mmaann ssiinn eenntteerreedd tthhee wwoorrlldd,, aanndd ddeeaatthh tthhrroouugghh ssiinn,, aanndd tthhuuss ddeeaatthh sspprreeaadd ttoo aallll mmeenn,, bbeeccaauussee aallll ssiinnnneedd Romans 5:12
  72. 72. 1 Cor 15:26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. “And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.“ - Revelation 21:4-5
  73. 73. WWhhaatt aabboouutt tthhee ddiiffffeerreenntt rraacceess,, aanndd wwhheerree ddiidd tthheeyy ccoommee ffrroomm??
  74. 74. ABC News, ‘We’re All the Same’ 1998 ‘‘MMoorree aanndd mmoorree sscciieennttiissttss ffiinndd tthhaatt tthhee ddiiffffeerreenncceess tthhaatt sseett uuss aappaarrtt aarree ccuullttuurraall,, nnoott rraacciiaall.. SSoommee eevveenn ssaayy tthhaatt tthhee wwoorrdd rraaccee sshhoouulldd bbee aabbaannddoonneedd bbeeccaauussee iitt''ss mmeeaanniinngglleessss…… WWhhaatt tthhee ffaaccttss sshhooww iiss tthhaatt tthheerree aarree ddiiffffeerreenncceess aammoonngg uuss,, bbuutt tthheeyy sstteemm ffrroomm ccuullttuurree,, nnoott rraaccee..’’
  75. 75. WWhhaatt ddooeess tthhee BBiibbllee ssaayy aabboouutt ““rraaccee””?? AAccttss 1177::2266:: AAnndd HHee hhaass mmaaddee ffrroomm oonnee bblloooodd eevveerryy nnaattiioonn ooff mmeenn ttoo ddwweellll oonn aallll tthhee ffaaccee ooff tthhee eeaarrtthh…… GGaall 33::2288--2299:: TThheerree iiss nneeiitthheerr JJeeww nnoorr GGrreeeekk,, tthheerree iiss nneeiitthheerr ssllaavvee nnoorr ffrreeee,, tthheerree iiss nneeiitthheerr mmaallee nnoorr ffeemmaallee;; ffoorr yyoouu aarree aallll oonnee iinn CChhrriisstt JJeessuuss..
  76. 76. YYoouu CCaann TTrruusstt tthhee BBiibbllee!!
  77. 77. DDeeffeennddiinngg tthhee BBiibbllee FFrreeqquueennttllyy AAsskkeedd QQuueessttiioonnss "And do not be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled." But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear. "And do not be afraid of their threats, nor be troubled." But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear. 1 Peter 3:14-15
  78. 78. EEpphh 66::1111--1188 PPuutt oonn tthhee wwhhoollee aarrmmoorr ooff GGoodd,, tthhaatt yyoouu mmaayy bbee aabbllee ttoo ssttaanndd aaggaaiinnsstt tthhee wwiilleess ooff tthhee ddeevviill.. FFoorr wwee ddoo nnoott wwrreessttllee aaggaaiinnsstt fflleesshh aanndd bblloooodd,, bbuutt aaggaaiinnsstt pprriinncciippaalliittiieess,, aaggaaiinnsstt ppoowweerrss,, aaggaaiinnsstt tthhee rruulleerrss ooff tthhee ddaarrkknneessss ooff tthhiiss aaggee,, aaggaaiinnsstt ssppiirriittuuaall hhoossttss ooff wwiicckkeeddnneessss iinn tthhee hheeaavveennllyy ppllaacceess…… SSttaanndd tthheerreeffoorree,, hhaavviinngg ggiirrddeedd yyoouurr wwaaiisstt wwiitthh ttrruutthh,, hhaavviinngg ppuutt oonn tthhee bbrreeaassttppllaattee ooff rriigghhtteeoouussnneessss,, aanndd hhaavviinngg sshhoodd yyoouurr ffeeeett wwiitthh tthhee pprreeppaarraattiioonn ooff tthhee ggoossppeell ooff ppeeaaccee;; aabboovvee aallll,, ttaakkiinngg tthhee sshhiieelldd ooff ffaaiitthh wwiitthh wwhhiicchh yyoouu wwiillll bbee aabbllee ttoo qquueenncchh aallll tthhee ffiieerryy ddaarrttss ooff tthhee wwiicckkeedd oonnee.. AAnndd ttaakkee tthhee hheellmmeett ooff ssaallvvaattiioonn,, aanndd tthhee sswwoorrdd ooff tthhee SSppiirriitt,, wwhhiicchh iiss tthhee wwoorrdd ooff GGoodd;; pprraayyiinngg aallwwaayyss wwiitthh aallll pprraayyeerr aanndd ssuupppplliiccaattiioonn iinn tthhee SSppiirriitt EEpphheessiiaannss 66::1111--1188
  79. 79. wwwwww..bbiibblleeEEvviiddeenncceess..ccoomm wwwwww..tteekkttoonniiccss..oorrgg
  80. 80. TThhee EEnndd!!

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