Commas, Part 1 Slidecast

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Commas, Part 1 Slidecast

  1. 1. This slidecast was created by Todd McCann English Instructor Bay College Escanaba, Michigan [email_address]
  2. 2. Punctuation affects meaning <ul><li>A woman without her man is nothing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Punctuation affects meaning <ul><li>A woman without her man is nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>A woman: without her, man is nothing. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to join two or more independent clauses with coordinating conjunctions (fanboys) </li></ul><ul><li>Using commas to separate items (three or more coordinate words, phrases, or clauses) in a series </li></ul><ul><li>Using commas to set off introductory elements </li></ul>
  5. 5. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to join two or more independent clauses with coordinating conjunctions (fanboys) </li></ul><ul><li>The fanboys… for </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>nor </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>yet </li></ul><ul><li>so </li></ul>
  6. 6. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to join two or more independent clauses with coordinating conjunctions (fanboys) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenny drove all the way to Kentucky in search of happiness, but he did not find it. </li></ul>Independent clause Independent clause f a n b o y s , .
  7. 7. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to join two or more independent clauses with coordinating conjunctions (fanboys) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenny drove all the way to Kentucky in search of happiness, but he did not find it. </li></ul><ul><li>Caution: Just because there is a fanboy in the sentence, that does not mean it automatically needs a comma: </li></ul><ul><li>Kenny drove all the way to Kentucky in search of happiness but did not find it. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to separate items (three or more coordinate words, phrases, or clauses) in a series </li></ul><ul><li>You will need a tent, a sleeping bag, and a fishing pole. </li></ul>Use the comma before the final item
  9. 9. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to set off introductory elements </li></ul><ul><li>After we ate the children </li></ul><ul><li>went swimming. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to set off introductory elements </li></ul><ul><li>After we ate the children </li></ul><ul><li>went swimming. </li></ul><ul><li>After we ate, the children went swimming. </li></ul>, . Dependent clause Independent clause
  11. 11. Commas, Part 1 <ul><li>Using commas to set off introductory elements </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent markers (you will need an introductory element comma if a clause begins with one of these words): </li></ul><ul><li>If </li></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>After </li></ul><ul><li>Because </li></ul><ul><li>Although </li></ul><ul><li>Since </li></ul><ul><li>Unless </li></ul><ul><li>Until </li></ul><ul><li>While </li></ul>

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